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The government of Mauritania enjoys close ties with the government of the People's Republic of China. In recent years, they have signed a series of agreements and exchanged a series of diplomatic gestures that have strengthened their relationship.
The Chinese government has recently shown particular interest in Mauritania's oil deposits. Oil production in Mauritania began in February 2006, and by May of the same year the Chinese and Mauritanian governments signed an agreement on social and economic cooperation. In October 2006, the state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation began drilling oil wells in Mauritania, and has three other prospecting permits in Mauritania. The Mauritanian government sees oil production as a significant means of boosting economic growth.
During the campaign for Mauritania's presidential elections in March 2007, candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi praised Mauritania's growing ties with China, promising to "continue the path of strengthening the bilateral relations with all my efforts".
Chinese development finance to Mauritania
From 2000 to 2012, there are approximately 15 Chinese official development finance projects identified in Mauritania through various media reports. These projects range from extending the Nouakchott Port by 900 meters through a preferential loan of 2 billion Chinese yuan from China's Ex-Im Bank, to a loan of $136 million USD from Chinese government to construct a new international airport at Nouakchott.
- Chinese Foreign Ministry (10 October 2006). "Mauritania". China Internet Information Center. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
- "China, Mauritania sign $2mn co-operation deal". BusinessinAfrica.net. South African Press Association; Agence France-Presse. 22 May 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
- "Chinese national oil firm prospecting for onshore oil in Mauritania". University of Alberta. Agence France-Presse. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
- "Mauritania's presidential candidates hail ties with China". People's Daily. Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. 12 March 2007. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
- Austin Strange, Bradley C. Parks, Michael J. Tierney, Andreas Fuchs, Axel Dreher, and Vijaya Ramachandran. 2013. China’s Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection. CGD Working Paper 323. Washington DC: Center for Global Development.http://china.aiddata.org
- Strange, Parks, Tierney, Fuchs, Dreher, and Ramachandran, China’s Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection.http://aiddatachina.org/projects/3
- Strange, Parks, Tierney, Fuchs, Dreher, and Ramachandran, China’s Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection.http://aiddatachina.org/projects/168