China–Tajikistan relations are the bilateral relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Tajikistan, established on January 4, 1992, shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Economy and trade
The total trade turnover between the two countries in 2012 has reached U.S. $2 billion. China is among the three largest trade partners of Tajikistan. A number of large Chinese enterprises in various industries operate in Tajikistan.
Education and Culture
More than 2,000 Tajik students are trained in more than 112 different institutions in China. A large number of students are trained in an educational and cultural center of Confucius in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Chinese Government is organizing training courses and seminars in various fields for Tajikistan’s specialists. Chinese language centers have been opened in a number of higher education institutions of the Republic of Tajikistan, moreover, the citizens of the People's Republic of China are also trained in various universities of the country.
The “Chinese culture corner” was opened at the National Library of Tajikistan. Both countries hold regular cultural shows and events.
Tajikistan and China are active members of the regional and international organizations and closely cooperate within the framework of these organizations, particularly the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Having border with its Muslim Xinjiang province, Tajikistan's political stability is very important for China. China firmly supports Tajikistan’s efforts to preserve national security and stability, and also helps Tajikistan in economic development. In 2012, Tajikistan obtained from China the promise of nearly $1 billion USD in the form of grants, technical assistance and credits on preferential terms.
The Embassy of the People's Republic of China in Dushanbe has been functioning since March 13, 1992 and the Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in Beijing was established in April 7, 1997. The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People's Republic of China to the Republic of Tajikistan is Mr. Fan Syanzhun (since August 2010) and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Tajikistan to the People's Republic of China is Mr. Rashid Olimov (since November 2005).
The legal framework of the two countries accounts more than 200 interstate and intergovernmental agreements.
In 2011, China and Tajikistan signed a historic mutual agreement settling a century-old border dispute, with Tajikistan ceding over 1,000 square kilometres (386 sq mi) of territory to China, representing 5.5% of the land that Beijing had sought. China also relinquished claims to over 28,000 km2 (11,000 sq mi) of Tajikistani territory.
- "China's influence grows in poor neighbour Tajikistan". Daily Times. Agence France-Presse. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
- "China Backs Tajikistan's Efforts to Preserve Stability". The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "Tajikistan cedes land to China". BBC News. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "China's area increases by 1000 sq km". Times of India. 12 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-01-16. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- Tajikistan cedes land to China BBC