|Elevation||571 ft (174 m)|
|GNIS feature ID||432479|
China is an unincorporated community in Shelby Township, Jefferson County, Indiana. It spans Shelby and Madison Townships and was for years largely defined by the existence of a general store in Madison Township and the former St. Anthony's Catholic Church in Shelby township. Razor's Fork runs between the two sections. Indiana State Road 62 runs parallel to Razor's Fork in Madison Township, and then crosses the stream and heads north to Canaan.
A post office called China was established in 1833, and remained in operation until 1902. The origin of the name China is disputed. Some say the community derives its name from Father Chine, while others believe the presence of chinaberries caused the name to be selected.
China sits on the western side of Razor's Fork, a small stream, just before it enters the West Fork of the Indian-Kentuck Creek.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "China, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- Indiana Names, v.4. Terre Haute, IN: Indiana State University. 1973. p. 57.