China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology
The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) (中国运载火箭技术研究院) is the premier space launch vehicle manufacturer in China and one of the major launch service providers in the world. CALT is a subordinate of the larger China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). It was established in 1957 and is headquartered in the southern suburbs of Beijing.
CALT is state-owned but is not state managed; its organization and orientation are comparable to Western defence and space contractors. Its major contribution to Chinese launch capability has been the manufacture of the Long March family of rockets. CALT has 27 000 employees and at least 13 research facilities.
CALT is also planning two spaceplanes. They would both be single-stage to space sub-orbital rocketplanes. One would be a 10-ton 4-passenger plane that would fly to 100 km at Mach 6. The other would be a 100-ton 20-passenger plane that would fly to 130 km at Mach 8. They would be equipped with liquid methane/liquid oxygen rocket engines. The larger spaceplane would also be able to carry a strap-on space rocket, making it function as the first stage of a two stage to orbit space launch platform. That rocket would launch above the Karman line, and lift 1-2 tons to LEO.
- "Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology - CALT". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 19 August 2005.
- Jeffrey Lin (7 October 2016). "China's Private Space Industry Prepares To Compete With SpaceX And Blue Origin". Popular Science.
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