China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
|Industry||aerospace, space industry|
|Predecessor||China Aerospace Corporation|
|Founded||July 1, 1999|
|Wu Yansheng (Chairman and President)|
|Revenue||CN¥294.02 billion (2013)|
|Owner||State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council|
Number of employees
|China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation|
The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, or CASC, is the main contractor for the Chinese space program. It is state-owned and has subsidiaries which design, develop and manufacture a range of spacecraft, launch vehicles, strategic and tactical missile systems, and ground equipment. It was officially established in July 1999 as part of a Chinese government reform drive, having previously been one part of the former China Aerospace Corporation. Various incarnations of the program date back to 1956.
Along with space and defense manufacture, CASC also produces machinery, chemicals, communications equipment, transportation equipment, computers, medical care products and environmental protection equipment. CASC provides commercial launch services to the international market. By the end of 2013, the corporation has registered capital of CN￥294.02 billion and employs 170,000 people.
In December 2017, the CASC was converted from a state-owned enterprise (全民所有制企业) to a state-owned enterprise (国有独资公司) with the approval of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC). The sole shareholder is SASAC, the company's headquarters are still in Beijing, the business areas remained the same and nothing changed for the staff either.
In 2021, China's 14th five year plan included two low earth orbit satellite constellations named “GW” featuring nearly 13,000 satellites was in development.
In November 2020, U.S. President Donald Trump issued an executive order prohibiting U.S. companies and individuals owning shares in companies that the United States Department of Defense has listed as having links to the People's Liberation Army, which included CASC. In August 2022, CASC's 9th Academy 771 and 772 Research Institutes were added to the United States Department of Commerce's Entity List.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2020)
R&D and production complexes
- China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT)
- Academy of Aerospace Solid Propulsion Technology (AASPT)
- China Academy of Space Technology (CAST)
- Academy of Aerospace Liquid Propulsion Technology (AALPT)
- Sichuan Academy of Aerospace Technology (SAAT)
- Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST)
- China Academy of Aerospace Electronics Technology (CAAET)
- China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (CAAA)
- China Satellite Communications
- APT Satellite International
- China Great Wall Industry Corporation Limited (CGWIC)[non-primary source needed]
- China Aerospace International Holdings
- Beijing Shenzhou Aerospace Software Technology Co, Ltd.
- China Spacesat Co. Ltd.
- China Siwei Surveying and Mapping Technology Co, Ltd
- China Aerospace Investment Holdings
- Easy Smart Limited (易颖有限公司)
Directly subordinated units
The "directly subordinated units"[clarification needed] of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation are:
- China Astronautics Standards Institute
- China Astronautics Publishing House
- Space Archives
- Aerospace Communication Center
- China Space News
- Chinese Society of Astronautics
- Aerospace Talent Development & Exchange Center
- Aerospace Printing Office
- China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
- China National Space Administration
- Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC)
- Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense
- CASC Rainbow (UAV)
- ^ a b China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. "Company Profile - CASC". Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (2020-06-24). "Defense Department produces list of Chinese military-linked companies, 20 years after mandate". Axios. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
- ^ "中国航天科技集团公司更名为中国航天科技集团有限公司_中国政库_澎湃新闻-The Paper". www.thepaper.cn. Retrieved 2022-06-17.
- ^ "China is developing plans for a 13,000-satellite megaconstellation". 21 April 2021.
- ^ Chen, Shawna (November 12, 2020). "Trump bans Americans from investing in 31 companies with links to Chinese military". Axios. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- ^ Pamuk, Humeyra; Alper, Alexandra; Ali, Idrees (2020-11-12). "Trump bans U.S. investments in firms linked to Chinese military". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
- ^ Swanson, Ana (2020-11-12). "Trump Bars Investment in Chinese Firms With Military Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
- ^ Edwards, Jane (2022-08-24). "Commerce Announces Addition of 7 Chinese Tech Institutions to Entity List". executivegov.com. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
- ^ "U.S. adds seven China-related entities to export control list". Reuters. 2022-08-23. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
- ^ "China Satcom taken over amid telecom reshuffle". China Daily. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- ^ Messier, Doug (2013-09-28). "China to Hold Long March Pricing Steady". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 2014-12-14.
- ^ "About CGWIC". CGWIC. Archived from the original on 2008-07-08.
- ^ "Chinese space resource utilization firm Origin Space signs deal for space telescope – Science Metro". Retrieved 2022-08-26.
- ^ a b 易穎有限公司 (in Chinese). China Aerospace Investment Holdings. 12 April 2012. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- Official website (in Chinese)
- China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
- Space program of the People's Republic of China
- Aerospace companies of China
- Manufacturing companies based in Beijing
- Technology companies established in 1999
- Commercial launch service providers
- Communications satellite operators
- Conglomerate companies of China
- Government-owned companies of China
- Chinese companies established in 1999
- Chinese brands
- Defence companies of the People's Republic of China