China Association for Science and Technology

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China Association for Science and Technology
中国科学技术协会
AbbreviationCAST
FormationSeptember 1958 (1958-09)
HeadquartersHaidian District, Beijing, China
Coordinates39°54′50″N 116°20′20″E / 39.913815°N 116.339026°E / 39.913815; 116.339026Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 116°20′20″E / 39.913815°N 116.339026°E / 39.913815; 116.339026
FieldsScience and Technology
Official language
Chinese
English
President
Wan Gang
CCP Branch Secretary
Zhang Yuzhuo
Vice President
Yang Wei
AffiliationsChinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Websitewww.cast.org.cn
China Association for Science and Technology
Simplified Chinese中国科学技术协会
Traditional Chinese中國科學技術協會

The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST; Chinese: 中国科学技术协会; pinyin: Zhōngguó Kēxué Jìshù Xiéhuì) is a mass organization of Chinese scientists and engineers, which is composed of multiple national professional societies and hundreds of branches at various local and international levels.[1][2][3] CAST was formed in September 1958 through the merger of the All-China Federation of Natural Science Societies and the All-China Association for Science Popularization.[2] Its stated goal is to act as a link between the science and technology community and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and government.[2] CAST is a constituent member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).[4][5][6] Wan Gang is the current president of the national committee of CAST.[7] Zhang Yuzhuo serves as the Chinese Communist Party Committee Secretary for CAST.[8]

Technology transfer[edit]

In December 2003, CAST established the Help Our Motherland through Elite Intellectual Resources from Overseas Program (HOME, also known as "Haizhi") in concert with the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security.[9] The goal of HOME has been to recruit overseas science and technology talent for technology transfer purposes.[9][10] Since 2014, CAST has established a series of "offshore entrepreneurial bases" in multiple countries that have been described as a "hub-and-spoke model where a base in China incubates and commercializes innovative ideas sourced from a network of offshore innovation centers in foreign countries."[9]

In the United States, CAST has maintained relations with the similarly-named Chinese Association for Science and Technology (CAST-USA), a non-profit organization established in 1992 with chapters in multiple U.S. states.[11][6]

Journal[edit]

Science & Technology Review was begun in 1980 in the United States and is the official journal of CAST.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China Association for Science and Technology". english.cast.org.cn. Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Gorham, Douglas; Nwulu, Nnamdi (20 January 2020). Engineering Education through Social Innovation: The Contribution of Professional Societies. Springer Nature. p. 53. ISBN 978-3-030-39006-8.
  3. ^ Hannas, William C.; Mulvenon, James; Puglisi, Anna B. (14 June 2013). Chinese Industrial Espionage: Technology Acquisition and Military Modernisation. Routledge. pp. 45, 97. ISBN 978-1-135-95261-7. OCLC 1081421916.
  4. ^ Bowe, Alexander; Lloyd-Damnjanovic, Anastasya (7 October 2020). "Overseas Chinese Students and Scholars in China's Drive for Innovation" (PDF). United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission. p. 20. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Units the CPPCC Composed of". english1.english.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b de La Bruyère, Emily; Picarsic, Nathan (15 November 2021). "All Over the Map: The Chinese Communist Party's Subnational Interests in the United States". Foundation for Defense of Democracies. Archived from the original on 15 November 2021. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  7. ^ "China Association for Science and Technology President". China Association for Science and Technology. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  8. ^ Zhong Yuhao (钟煜豪) (2 August 2021). 中石化董事长、党组书记张玉卓任中国科协党组书记. The Paper (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Spear, Andrew (2021), Hannas, William C.; Tatlow, Didi Kirsten (eds.), "Serve the Motherland While Working Overseas", China's Quest for Foreign Technology (1 ed.), Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, pp. 21–37, doi:10.4324/9781003035084-3, ISBN 978-1-003-03508-4, OCLC 1153338764, S2CID 225404119
  10. ^ Fedasiuk, Ryan; Weinstein, Emily (July 2020). Overseas Professionals and Technology Transfer to China (Report). Center for Security and Emerging Technology. doi:10.51593/20190038.
  11. ^ Guo, Yugui (8 October 2013), Meyer, Jean-Baptiste; Barré, Rémi; Hernández, Valeria; Vinck, Dominique (eds.), "The Chinese Intellectual Diasporas", Diasporas scientifiques, Expertise collégiale, Marseille: IRD Éditions, ISBN 978-2-7099-1770-4, OCLC 1229376435, retrieved 20 November 2021
  12. ^ "China Association for Science and Technology". english.cast.org.cn. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.

External links[edit]