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China Crisis performing live at Benidorm, Spain (2018)
|Origin||Kirkby, Merseyside, England|
|Genres||New wave, synth-pop|
|Labels||Virgin, A&M Secret Records|
|Past members||Dave Reilly|
Gary "Gazza" Johnson
China Crisis are an English new wave and synth-pop band. They were formed in 1979 in Kirkby, near Liverpool, Merseyside with a core of vocalist/keyboardist Gary Daly and guitarist Eddie Lundon. China Crisis were part of a wave of new Liverpool acts in the late 1970s and early 1980s, led by OMD and also including Echo and the Bunnymen, The Teardrop Explodes, A Flock of Seagulls and Frankie Goes to Hollywood.
Initially a politically charged post punk band influenced by Brian Eno's ambient soundscapes China Crisis soon crossed over to a more commercial sound and had success in the United Kingdom in the 1980s with ten Top 50 singles (four of them reached the Top 20) and three Top 40 albums (two entered the Top 20 and received a Gold certification). The band also achieved commercial success in Western Europe (notably in Ireland and the Netherlands), Australia and New Zealand, South Africa, and some minor chart successes in the Americas (particularly in Canada).
1979 – 1995: Foundation, early history, and mainstream success
Sharing an affection for Steely Dan, David Bowie, Brian Eno and Talking Heads, Gary Daly (born 5 May 1962, Kirkby, Liverpool) and Eddie Lundon (born 9 June 1962, Kirkby, Liverpool) played with various Knowsley post-punk groups. Daly then spent time tinkering with synthesizers and a drum machine. Along with Lundon, Daly began writing songs. The pair eventually asked drummer and percussionist Dave Reilly to join them, and in 1981 they released their debut single "African and White" as China Crisis on the independent record label, Inevitable. In March 1982 they recorded a four song Peel session for the BBC. In June 1982, they backed Tom Verlaine at The Venue in London.
The band were signed to Virgin Records and recorded their debut album, Difficult Shapes & Passive Rhythms, Some People Think It's Fun to Entertain, which was released in December 1982. A re-release of "African and White" reached No. 45 in the UK Singles Chart in August 1982. The follow-up single, "No More Blue Horizons", released in October 1982 had little success, but the single "Christian", made UK No. 12 in early 1983 and brought them to national prominence. By the time of this success, Reilly had left the band, but had remained with the band long enough to co-write and perform on "Christian", along with session musician Steve Levy playing oboe and saxophone. The album peaked at No. 21 in the UK Albums Chart. During this period the band toured supporting Simple Minds on their New Gold Dream tour.
Working with Fire and Steel
Adding Gary "Gazza" Johnson (bass guitar) and Waterboys drummer Kevin Wilkinson to the line-up, the band, augmented by Steve Levy (oboe), premiered new songs, including "Wishful Thinking", in a BBC Peel session in January 1983. In May the single "Tragedy and Mystery" was released and peaked at number 46 on the UK Singles Chart. The arrangement of the song with prominent use of Levy's oboe and flugel horn marked a noticeable change from the band's previous synth pop sound.
The band, again augmented by Steve Levy on oboe and saxophone on several tracks, recorded a second album, Working with Fire and Steel – Possible Pop Songs Volume Two, which was released in November 1983. Prior to the release of the album the title track, "Working with Fire and Steel", was released as a single. While only a minor hit in the UK at number 48, it became a hit single in Australia and Ireland, also entering the US Dance Club Songs chart.
In early 1984 the single "Wishful Thinking" peaked at number 9 on the UK Singles Chart, making it their first and only UK Top 10 hit single. The song was also a Top 10 hit in Ireland, a Top 20 hit in several european countries and hit number 1 on the Swedish radio chart Poporama. In March 1984 the follow-up single "Hanna Hanna" reached number 44 on the UK singles chart.
The album itself was a Top 20 success in the UK, also reaching the Top 40 in several other countries (including Australia, Canada, etc.), and China Crisis spent 1984 and 1985 making their biggest chart run.
Flaunt the Imperfection and mainstream success
Their third album, Flaunt the Imperfection, was produced by Walter Becker of Steely Dan fame and reached No. 9 in the UK Albums Chart in May 1985. China Crisis was so honoured to directly work with Becker that they officially listed him in the group as a quintet consisting of Daly, Lundon, Johnson, Wilkinson, and Becker on the album's credits. He never formally appeared with the band (but made important playing contributions on the album) and the subsequent tour featured new keyboard player Brian McNeill. Johnson was now credited as co-writer with Daly and Lundon.
The album was promoted by the No. 14 UK hit single "Black Man Ray", which also enjoyed critical acclaim and international success, reaching the Top 40 in Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, the Netherlands, etc. The follow-up, "King in a Catholic Style (Wake Up)", was a Top 20 UK single at No. 19, but it would prove to be the band's last substantial hit. A third release from the album, "You Did Cut Me", stalled at UK No. 54 but reached the Top 30 in Ireland. They simultaneously released a video compilation, Showbiz Absurd.
What Price Paradise
In 1986, the band collaborated with producers Clive Langer and Alan Winstanley (who worked with Madness) on What Price Paradise, which included "Arizona Sky", the album's first single release and another Australian hit. All the band were now credited as songwriters. A second single from the album, "Best Kept Secret", made UK No. 36 in early 1987 and reached the Top 20 in Ireland. It was to be the band's final Top 40 hit single.
Diary of a Hollow Horse
The five-piece band worked with Becker once more on 1989's Diary of a Hollow Horse, which earned critical acclaim though little commercial success. It fared slightly better than its predecessor, making the UK Top 60, and spawned the singles "St Saviour Square" and "Red Letter Day", both achieving the lower reaches of the UK Singles Chart. Becker produced most of the album's tracks, but this time was not credited as an official band member.
Warped by Success
The band's last studio album, Warped by Success, was released in 1994, following the band's parting of ways with the Virgin label. The album produced their final studio chart single, "Everyday the Same", which briefly edged into the UK Top 100. The band was now once again a duo of Daly and Lundon, although Johnson and Wilkinson were both amongst the session musicians employed in the recording of the album. In 1995 they released a live unplugged album and video entitled Acoustically Yours. This featured a live version of "Black Man Ray", and also saw a brief return for Johnson, McNeill, and Wilkinson.
Since 1992, there have been four compilation albums of their work for the UK and US markets and three live DVDs. The first of these, entitled Collection: The Very Best of China Crisis, made the Top 40 in the UK Albums Chart in 1990.
1995 – 2014: Interim years and reduced activity
On 17 July 1999, drummer Kevin Wilkinson committed suicide by hanging himself at the age of 41. Wilkinson had played with a wide variety of bands including The Waterboys, Fish, The Proclaimers, Squeeze and with Howard Jones. In 2000, Daly contributed a track to a tribute compilation to Wilkinson, Green Indians.
Since the late 1990s, China Crisis has concentrated on live performances with only original members Eddie Lundon and Gary Daly being constant throughout; the band alternates between performances either as a duo or with a fluctuating line-up of backing musicians, the most notable of which is Manx guitarist Colin Hinds who spent more than ten years with the band in the early 21st century.
In December 2002, China Crisis' Daly and Lundon held a one night unplugged venue in Manila, Philippines, with the support of a local band, Rivermaya. They toured the UK during January and February 2007 as part of their 25th anniversary. Gary Daly released his limited edition solo album (The Visionary Mindset Experience) in 2007, featuring collaborations with Megan Kovacs (from the band Kovacs) and Jean Weir. In 2008, it was announced they would be the support act for Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark's UK October tour. In February 2009, the band performed a fund raising gig for The Friends of Meols Park.
Additionally, gigs were played at the Robin 2, Bilston, Wolverhampton on 20 February 2009, and in Stone, Staffordshire on 22 February 2009. Daly's art exhibition 'How To Live & Love Your Life' was held at Kirkby Art Gallery, Kirkby, Knowsley, Merseyside from 23 February to 10 May 2009. China Crisis played at Fort Perch Rock on the Wirral on 8 August 2009, and at the Rewind Festival in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, on 22 August 2009. The same month they played at The Mathew Street Festival in Liverpool.
They returned to the Philippines to perform at Eastwood City on 20 January 2011 and played at the Rewind Festivals in Perth (Scotland) and Henley-on-Thames in August 2011. Another concert in the Philippines was held on 9 September 2011 at the SMX Convention Center, together with Ex-Simple Minds with further shows in the Philippines, Singapore and Hong Kong that followed. At recent shows, China Crisis' two lead musicians have been joined by Siân Monaghan on drums.
In 2012, the band performed a series of shows in their native Britain, with shows in Upton-upon-Severn in August, Stratford-upon-Avon, Birmingham and Middlesbrough in October, Glasgow and Gateshead in November, and finishing the tour at the Cavern Club, Liverpool in December.
In 2013, the band toured more extensively, playing dates in the UK and visiting the United States and Canada as a three-piece with Brian McNeil, before returning for more UK dates including their regular Cavern Club Christmas gigs, again held on a Thursday and Friday as a five-piece.
In 2014, the band played another UK tour, culminating again in their annual Cavern Club shows. During those shows, they paid tribute to Nicky Lundon, brother of Eddie, who had worked extensively with the band, and who had died in that year. Their song "Wishful Thinking" was performed in his memory.
The band returned yet again to the Philippines in June 2014 for a show at Solaire Resort & Casino.
2014 – present: New album and later years
On 16 December 2013, the song "Everyone You Know" was made available as a free download on the Pledge Music website, when pre-ordering the album Autumn in the Neighbourhood announced for release in 2014. On 13 January 2014, the band posted an illustrated account of the track and how it was written and came to be recorded. 87% of the pledge goal had been reached at that time. Ahead of the release of the new album, the track "Being in Love" was premiered on Steve Lamacq's BBC Radio 6 Music show on 25 April 2014. The band toured in late 2014, playing some tracks from the new album alongside older favourites. As of 5 February 2015, the band had achieved 235% of its Pledgemusic target and the album was in final mix and production.
Autumn in the Neighbourhood was released on 3 June 2015 via the Pledge Music website. It was their first studio album for 21 years, and contained 11 songs; however, the pre-release taster track, "Everyone You Know", was not included on the album. The band undertook an extensive promotional tour of the UK from the end of September until December 2015, both as a trio and as a full band. The tour included a special "Flaunt the Imperfection Live" night at The Epstein Theatre, Liverpool on 17 October 2015 to mark the thirtieth anniversary of their 1985 album of that name. The band also played five nights in North America in December under the banner of "North America Merry Christmas Tour".
In November 2015, a compilation album, 80s Recovered, featuring many 1980s-related artists was released on the Music Brokers label. China Crisis contributed a cover of Carole King's "It's Too Late", with both a regular version and an extended remix.
While China Crisis continue to tour the UK and play live dates, founder member Eddie Lundon teaches songwriting at The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts. Frontman Gary Daly released his solo debut album Gone From Here in May 2019. Former China Crisis bassist Gary "Gazza" Johnson and keyboardist Brian McNeill both play on the album. In February 2020 Gary Daly released the solo album Luna Landings, a collection of instrumental recordings written between 1981 and 1987.
- Gary Daly - vocals, synthesisers (1979–present)
- Eddie Lundon - guitars, vocals (1979–present)
- Dave Reilly - drums, percussion (1981-1983)
- Gazza Johnson - bass guitar (1983-1989, 1995)
- Kevin Wilkinson - drums, percussion (1983-1989, 1995; died 1999)
- Walter Becker - synthesiser, percussion (1985; died 2017)
- Brian McNeill - synthesisers, vocals (1985-1989, 1995)
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
& Passive Rhythms
Fire and Steel
|Flaunt the Imperfection||
|What Price Paradise||
|Diary of a Hollow Horse||
|Warped by Success||
|Autumn in the Neighbourhood||
|"—" denotes items that did not chart or were not released in that territory.|
Live albums and compilations
- Collection: The Very Best of China Crisis V 2613, Virgin, UK - 1990 - UK No. 32 
- Diary: A Collection CD VVIPD 117, Virgin, UK - 1992
- Acoustically Yours (Live) TLG CD 005, Telegraph, UK - 1995
- Collection: The Very Best of China Crisis (US-Only Reissue) CD CAROL 1117-2, Caroline, US - 1997
- The Best of China Crisis CLP 0350-2, Purple Pyramid, US - 1998
- Wishful Thinking (Repackaged Acoustically Yours and Warped by Success) SMDCD 117, Snapper Music, UK - 1999
- Scrap Book Vol. 1 (Live at the Dominion Theatre) (Concert from 1985) CHVP101CD, Crisis, UK - 2002
- Diary: A Collection (Copy-protected reissue, changed album art) 7243 5 95404 2 1, EMI Gold, EU - 2003
- Singing The Praises of Finer Things (Live at Liverpool LIPA) CD CRIDE 75, Secret Records - 2006
- China Greatness Live (Souvenir disc, available only for the Philippines 2011 SMX Concert fan signing session) and at after-gig sales during the 2014 UK tour
- Ultimate Crisis MCDLX152 Music Club Deluxe 2-CD Demon Music Group/EMI Records - 2012
- Fine and Also Rare China (Souvenir disc available at after-gig sales in the UK in 2013)
- China Crisis - Possible Pop Songs Live - Vinyl LP - 2019
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Album|
|1981||"African and White"||45||75||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Difficult Shapes & Passive Rhythms|
|1982||"Scream Down at Me"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||(single release only)|
|"No More Blue Horizons"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Difficult Shapes & Passive Rhythms|
|1983||"Tragedy and Mystery"||46||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Working with Fire and Steel –|
Possible Pop Songs Volume Two
|"Working with Fire and Steel"||48||47||—||—||—||29||—||—||27|
|1985||"Black Man Ray"||14||30||—||54||—||13||36||15||—||Flaunt the Imperfection|
|"King in a Catholic Style (Wake Up)"||19||—||—||—||—||16||—||—||—|
|"You Did Cut Me"||54||—||—||—||—||26||—||—||—|
|"The Highest High"||82||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1986||"Arizona Sky"||47||52||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||What Price Paradise|
|1987||"Best Kept Secret"||36||—||—||—||—||20||—||—||—|
|1989||"Saint Saviour Square"||81||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Diary of a Hollow Horse|
|"Red Letter Day"||84||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1990||"African and White"
(The Steve Proctor remix)
|—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Diary: A Collection|
|1994||"Everyday the Same"||90||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Warped by Success|
|1996||"Black Man Ray (Live)"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Acoustically Yours|
|2013||"Everyone You Know"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||(single release only)|
- Sutton, Michael (24 June 1997). "China Crisis Collection: The Very Best of China Crisis - China Crisis | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Bush, John. "China Crisis | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Hickling, Alfred. The Electric Hills. The Guardian (London). 19 March 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Steve Binnie. Sound of the Crowd: a Discography of the '80s (4th ed.). ISBN 9780244129651.
- China Crisis exkclusive Louder Than War interview, Louderthanwar.com, June 14, 2018
- "Gary Daly | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "China Crisis Biography". Oldies.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- China Crisis Interview The Electricity Club February 22 2020
- Peel sessions: China Crisis, BBC
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books. p. 367. CN 5585.
- China Crisis Official Charts
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 105. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- as discussed in interviews on the DVD Live in Concert at the Paul McCartney Auditorium Liverpool Institute of Performing Arts
- Peel sessions: China Crisis BBC
- Stefan Heiding: Poporama - Heta högen (1992) ISBN 91-971894-1-3
- "About - Siân Monaghan". Sianmonaghan.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- "New Album "Autumn In The Neighbourhood": Free download of Everyone You Know". Pledgemusic.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "New Album "Autumn In The Neighbourhood": Everyone You Know . . a tale of two cities. Liverpool and Glasgow". Pledgemusic.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "New Album "Autumn In The Neighbourhood": w o r l d exclusive. BBC Radio 6". Pledgemusic.com. 25 April 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "China Crisis: New Album "Autumn In The Neighbourhood" on PledgeMusic". Pledgemusic.com. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "China Crisis official facebook page cover photo". Facebook.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "China Crisis official facebook page cover photo". Facebook.com. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "80s Recovered". 80s Recovered. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- Kreps, Daniel. "Walter Becker, Steely Dan Co-Founder, Dead at 67". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Teaching Staff, Lipa.ac.uk
- "Gary Daly, founding member of China Crisis, announces the release of his debut solo album: GONE FROM HERE, on 31 May 2019 | Latest press releases | PressGo | Journalism.co.uk". Journalism.co.uk. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "SPILL ALBUM REVIEW: GARY DALY - GONE FROM HERE". The Spill Magazine. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "Gary Daly - Gone From Here". Discogs.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- Gary Daly Luna Landings The Electricity Club
- "UK Albums". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, New South Wales: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Canadian Albums:
- "Working with Fire and Steel": "China Crisis - Working with Fire and Steel" (PDF). RPM. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Flaunt the Imperfection": "China Crisis - Flaunt the Imperfection" (PDF). RPM. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "What Price Paradise": "China Crisis - What Price Paradise" (PDF). RPM. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- German Albums:
- "Working with Fire and Steel": "China Crisis - Working with Fire and Steel" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Dutch Albums". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "New Zealand Albums". Charts.nz. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Swedish Albums". Swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "US Charts". AllMusic. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "BPI Certification". British Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "New Zealand Certification". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "UK Singles". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Belgian (Flanders) Singles". Ultratop.be. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Canadian Singles:
- German Singles:
- "Wishful Thinking": "China Crisis – Wishful Thinking" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Irish Singles". Irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Click on "Search Charts" then enter name of artist in the "Search by Artist" field
- "Netherlands Singles". Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "New Zealand Singles". Charts.nz. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "US Dance Music/Club Play Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
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