China Ethnic Museum
The China Ethnic Museum (中华民族博物馆; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú Bówùguǎn; also called Chinese Ethnic Culture Park, 中华民族园; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínzú Yuán) is a museum in Beijing, China, located just to the west of the Olympic Green. It features displays of the daily life and architecture of China's 56 ethnic groups.
As stated on its website, the museum's goals are as follows:
- To demonstrate ethnic architecture
- To preserve ethnic relics
- To spread ethnic knowledge
- To study ethnic heritage
- To enhance ethnic culture
- To promote unity of all Chinese ethnic groups
Construction began in October 1992. The North Section was opened to the public on June 18, 1994, and the South Section was opened in September 2001. Construction has continued through the 2008 Summer Olympics. The museum covers approximately 50 hectares and so far comprises 44 ethnic villages and 200 ethnic buildings. There are 800 staff members comprising various Chinese ethnic groups. All buildings are constructed to a ratio of 1:1.
The museum has also collected approximately 100,000 cultural relics, and exhibits items representing the daily life of China's ethnic groups.
The museum's curator is Wang Ping.
Festivals and cultural activities featured by the China Ethnic Museum include the following:
- Tibetan Shoton Festival
- Tibetan New Year
- The New-rice Festival of the Va
- The Sowing Festival of the Va
- The Sanduo Festival of the Naxi
- The Munao Singing Festival of the Jingpo
- The Water-splashing Festival of the Dai
- The Third of March Festival of the Bai
- The Huaer Fair of the Tu
- The Nandun Festival of the Tu
- The Sheba Festival of Tujia
- The Chahua Festival of the Yi
- The Knife-shaft Festival of Miao
- The Dragon-boat Festival of the Miao
- The Horse Milk Festival
- The Pepper Festival of the Salar
- Raoshanlin Singing Festival of the Bai
- The Fashion Show of the Yi
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