China Film Group Corporation
|State-run film distributor, production company|
|Han Sanping, Zhang Qiang|
China Film Group Corporation (Chinese: 中国电影集团公司; pinyin: Zhōngguó diànyǐng jítuán gōngsī), abbreviated as CFGC, is the largest and most influential state-owned film enterprise in China. According to Forbes it is a state monopoly that all imported films have to work with. It also runs theaters and finances, produces, and distributes films. In 2014, the company was the largest film distributor in China, with 32.8% of the market.
The predecessor China Film Corporation was established in 1949. In 1999, it became the conglomerate China Film Group Corporation built to develop and distribute films in the Chinese industry. It is also the only importer of foreign films in China and a major exporter of Chinese films.
China Film Group is involved in a variety of businesses which include film and television production, film distribution and exhibition, film importation and exportation, cinema circuit management, digital cinema construction, print developing and processing, film equipment management, film and TV CD production, ancillary products, advertising, property management as well as real estate. China Film group partnered with Crest Digital in 2007, building a 15,000 square meter state-of-the-art DVD and CD manufacturing facility outside Beijing.
For over a decade, China Film Group's subsidiary, China Film Import & Export Corporation, has been the sole government-authorized importer of films. Another CFG subsidiary, China Film Co-production Corporation, is charged by the SARFT to oversee and manage all Sino-foreign co-productions.
China Film Group's film and TV production units include: the former China Film Corporation, Beijing Film Studio, China Youth Film Studio, China Film Co-Production Corporation, China Film Equipment Corporation, Movie Channel Production Center, Beijing Film & Video Laboratory and Huayun Film & TV Compact Disk Co., Ltd. The company has an animation division, China Film Animation.
China Film Co-Production Corporation
The China Film Co-Production Corporation (Chinese: 中国电影合作制片公司), abbreviated as CFCC, was founded in August 1979.
China Film Co-Production Corporation is authorized by the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT). As a sole agency, CFCC enjoys all rights and liabilities of an individual legal entity. It was founded to administer affairs relating to film co-production, and provide coordination and other services, pursuant to the Regulations on Administration of the Film and the Rules on Administration of the Sino-Foreign Film Co-production (Edict 31,Edict 52 and other relevant rules by the SARFT). CFCC has its precise roles and functions as follows:
- Process applications of film co-production between Chinese domestic film studios and foreign film companies or filmmakers;execute agreement with all co-operative parties; supervise，coordinate and manage the performance of the agreements.
- Introduce Chinese domestic studios to foreign parties and provide related co-production services.
- Review proposed scripts of the Sino-foreign co-production projects and provide consulting services for the proposed projects.
- Provide assistance in relation to entry visas for foreign crews participating in the production.
- Provide assistance in relation to customs clearance for filming equipment,film stocks and materials to be used in production.
- Conduct preliminary review of the completed films.
- Process application and provide related hospitality services for foreign crews to conduct shooting of short films in Mainland China.
- Organize forums,seminars and symposiums related to Sino-Foreign film co-production.
- Administer other matters instructed by the SARFT.
Procedures for Sino-foreign Co-production Both Chinese and overseas parties should sign a co-production agreement or letter of intent upon mutual consensus (the Chinese parties should be state-run companies or private ones with co-production credentials).
- The leading Chinese party should submit the script to the provincial film authority,under which it is registered,for preliminary comments (A leading Chinese party affiliated to the central government or state organs is entitled to submit it directly to CFCC).
- The leading Chinese party should submit the script and comments given by the provincial film authority and necessary documents to CFCC.
- CFCC submits the script and necessary documents to SARFT after preliminary review.
- SARFT approves and issues a Co-production Permit.
- CFCC organizes the signing of an agreement among all parties.
- The leading Chinese party files with CFCC a list of the film’s main cast and talent from abroad.
- The leading Chinese party should apply to CFCC for entry visas for the foreign crew,and entrust CFCC to handle the China Customs’ clearance of temporary entry/exit of such items as equipment, facilities,film negative and other goods for the production.
- The leading Chinese party should file the English title of the film with CFCC.
- If conducting post-production and film development outside Mainland China,the leading Chinese party should submit an application to CFCC.
- The leading Chinese party should submit the completed film to the provincial film authority for preliminary comments before submitting to CFCC,who will the submit the film with its own comments to SARFT for final censorship.
CFCC has established two offices in charge of general administration and co-production business respectively. The general office takes care of general administration, secretary, finance and human resource matters. The business office takes care of administration, service and coordination of film co-production between Chinese film studios and foreign filmmakers, and hosting foreign crews for making non-feature films in Mainland China.
Each year, China Film Group produces more than 30 feature-length films, 400 TV plays, and 100 telefilms. Its films include The Warlords, Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon, Kung Fu Hustle, and Protégé.
- Man of Tai Chi (2013)
- The Monkey King (2014)
- The Crossing (2014)
- Black & White: The Dawn of Justice (2014)
- The Deathday Party (2014)
- The Lost 15 Boys: The Big Adventure on Pirates' Island (2014)
- One Step Away (2014)
- Seventh Son (2015)
- Furious 7 (2015)
- Wolf Totem (2015)
- Pixels (2015)
- Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon II: The Green Destiny (2015)
- The Mermaid (2016)
- The Bombing (2016)
- Warcraft (2016)
- The Great Wall (2016)
- Xuanzang (2016)
- Rob Cain (June 16, 2015). "Announcement of China's 'Netflix' May Be The Death Blow For Netflix In China". forbes.com. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Hollywood's China Fixer November 12, 2012 Forbes page 127, 128
- "China Film Industry Report 2014-2015 (In Brief)" (PDF). english.entgroup.cn. EntGroup Inc. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- (Chinese) CFGC issues 500m yuan bond to finance digital movie_English_Xinhua
- U.S. Commercial Service (2013). U.S. Commercial Service, ed. China Business Handbook. Washington, DC: U.S. Commercial Service. p. 68.
- China Film Group: Archer Entertainment Media Communications Incorporated
- Alex Ben Block (May 12, 2015). "China Film Group, Canadian, Kiwi Partners Back 17-Movie Slate (Exclusive)". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Official Website[dead link]
- China Film Group issues 500-million-yuan bond to finance digital movie production
- About China Film Group[dead link]
- China Film Group Taking Over Three WBIC Cinemas in China