China Maritime Safety Administration
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Hǎishìjú
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Transport|
The Maritime Safety Administration of the People's Republic of China (CMSA; simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国海事局; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國海事局; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Hǎishìjú) is a government agency which administers all matters related to maritime and shipping safety, including the supervision of maritime traffic safety and security, prevention of pollution from ships, inspection of ships and offshore facilities, navigational safety measures (including Search and Rescue, Aids to Navigation and the GMDSS), administrative management of port operations, and law enforcement on matters of maritime safety law. It was also responsible for marine accident investigation. It is headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing.
In October 1998, it was formed by the merger of the China Ship Inspection Bureau and the China Port Supervision Bureau into a comprehensive agency of maritime affairs, subordinate to the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. The China MSA was the only maritime administrative agency that was not merged into the new China Coast Guard in June 2013. The CMSA retains its safety and control ("traffic police") remit, while the new CCG concentrates all other law enforcement and policing duties.
The agency was organized into the following structure:
- Major Functions
- Safety Management of Shipping Company
- Survey of Ships
- Flag State Control
- Port State Control
- Prevention of Pollution from Ships
- Safe Carriage of Dangerous Goods
- Training, Examination and Certification of Seafarers
- Seafarers' Passports
- Aids to Navigation
- Hydrographic Survey
- Marine Traffic Control
- China Ship Reporting System (CHISREP)
- Navigational Warnings and Notices
- Vessel Traffic Service
- Maritime Search and Rescue
- Marine Accident Investigation
- Education and Training
- International Cooperation
- Law Enforcement
The MSA operates primarily along the PRC coastline and Yangtze River, Pearl River and Heilongjiang Rivers. The MSA maintains 20 Regional MSAs, one per coastal province, under which 97 local branches have been established.
- Changjiang MSA
- Fujian MSA
- Guangdong MSA
- Guangxi MSA
- Hainan MSA
- Hebei MSA
- Heilongjiang MSA
- Jiangsu MSA
- Liaoning MSA
- Shandong MSA
- Shanghai MSA
- Shenzhen MSA
- Tianjin MSA
- Zhejiang MSA
The MSA's 25,000 officials, other working staff, operate a patrol force of 1,300 vessels and watercraft of various types. These include 207 patrol vessels of 20 meters and greater length, 2 are 100 meters and above, 2 are 60 meters and above, 18 are 40 meters and above, 59 are 30 meters and above and 126 are 20 meters and above.
- Haixun 31 Patrol Ship
- Haixun 21 Patrol Ship
- Haixun 01 Patrol Ship
- Haijing 31025 Patrol ship
- Harbin Z-9 helicopter - contracted out to CITIC Offshore Helicopter
- Eurocopter EC 135
- Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation CA109
- China Coast Guard
- China Marine Surveillance
- International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
- International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea
- "Accident Investigation." Maritime Safety Administration. Retrieved on January 17, 2012.
- "Home." China Maritime Safety Administration. Retrieved on January 17, 2012. "11#, Jianguomennei Avenue, Beijing,China 100736" - Address in Chinese: "北京市建国门内大街11号"
- Kuehmayer, J.R. "Marine Accident and Casualty Investigation Boards." Austrian Marine Equipment Manufacturers. 17. Retrieved on 17 January 2012.