Literally "China Mobile Communications"
|Owner||People's Republic of China|
|Parent||State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council|
|Traded as||SEHK: 0941
|Predecessor||China Telecom (Hong Kong) Limited|
|Founded||September 3, 1997|
|Mainland China, Hong Kong, Pakistan|
|Bing Shang (Chairman)
Li Yue (CEO)
|Products||Fixed line and mobile telephony, internet services|
|Revenue||CNY 641.448 billion
($100.4 billion, 2014)
|CNY 142.6 billion
($22,3 billion, 2014)
|CNY 109.4 billion
($17,1 billion, 2014)
|Total assets||CNY 1,296 billion
($203 billion, 2014)
Number of employees
|Parent||China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||China Mobile|
China Mobile Communications Corporation (Chinese: 中国移动通信集团公司; literally: "China Mobile Communications Group Corporation") is a Chinese state-owned telecommunication company that provides mobile voice and multimedia services through its nationwide mobile telecommunications network. The company is the largest mobile telecommunications company by market capitalization today, and it was named as such in March 2011. China Mobile Limited (Chinese: 中国移动有限公司) is listed on both the NYSE and the Hong Kong stock exchange.
As of December 2014, China Mobile (Chinese: 中国移动) is the world's largest mobile phone operator by subscribers with about 806 million. The ARPU(Average revenue per user) for the company stays at 90 Renminbi since 2004.
A state-owned enterprise directly controlled by the government of the People's Republic of China and also a public company that is listed on the NYSE and the Hong Kong stock exchanges, China Mobile has dominated Chinese mobile services since its inception. As of 2010 China Mobile controls the vast majority of its domestic mobile services market with a 70% market share. China Unicom and China Telecom have 20% and 10% shares, respectively.
China Mobile likely enjoys substantial protectionist benefits from China's government but also experiences frequent government intervention in its business affairs. Government control is maintained through a presumably government-owned holding company, China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC), that owns 100 percent ownership of China Mobile (HK) Group Limited, which in turn holds over seventy percent ownership of China Mobile–the remainder being controlled by public investors. Established in 2000, CMCC is China Mobile Ltd's current parent company as of 2011.
Rural subscriber base
China Mobile has historically held a greater share of the rural market than competitors. By 2006, its network had expanded to provide reception to 97% of the Chinese population, and the company has since seen a sustained stream of new, rural mobile customers.
China Mobile also offers information services targeted at the rural market, including the Agricultural Information Service, which allows a variety of activities to take place through the use of mobile phones and the Internet. These include the sale and purchase of agricultural products, access to market prices for produce, wire transfers, bank withdrawals, and payments, etc.
China Mobile operates a GSM network, which encompasses all 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and directly administered municipalities in Mainland China and includes Hong Kong, too. GPRS is utilized for data transmission.
The company controls 70% of the Chinese mobile market but a far smaller percentage of the 3G market. As of May 2012, its nearly 60 million 3G subscribers account for roughly 9% of its total subscriber base, which is an increase from 3% in 2010.
Its 3G network, still under construction in 2010, utilizes the TD-SCDMA standard, which China Mobile helped develop. 3G service is available in all of the 4 direct-controlled municipalities and most of the 283 prefecture-level cities in China as of 2010.
As of 2010, China Mobile has debuted small-scale 4G demonstration networks using a variant of 3GPP's Long Term Evolution, TD-LTE, and has plans for larger, city-wide demonstration networks in the future. As of May 2012, such networks are in operation.
While prior iPhone models couldn't use the China Mobile network due to the chipset relying on WCDMA-based networks, talks to carry the then unreleased 4G iPhone (iPhone 5) began in mid-2012. On 17 January 2014, China Mobile will sell iPhone 5c and iPhone 5s.
- Spratly Isles coverage
China Mobile uses other names to differentiate its offerings.
China Mobile offers mobile services in Mainland China under several brands.
- Easyown (Chinese: 神州行, Hanyu Pinyin: Shénzhōuxíng Rough translation: "Travel across China" (lit. "travel the holy states")): a basic prepaid mobile phone service more heavily marketed in rural areas
- GoTone (Chinese: 全球通, Hanyu Pinyin: Quánqiútōng Rough translation: "Global Connect"): subscription flagship brand
- M-zone (Chinese: 动感地带, Hanyu Pinyin: Dònggǎndìdài Rough translation: "Dynamic Area"): a premium prepaid service popular with youths
- G3: a 3G service brand
- And (Chinese: 和, Hanyu Pinyin: Hé): a 4G service brand
- Peoples is a wholly owned subsidiary of China Mobile (Hong Kong) Limited. It offers GSM, GPRS, EDGE, HSPA+ (MVNO), FD-LTE and TD-LTE technologies to customers in this Special Administrative Region.
- Zong is China Mobile's brand in Pakistan and is operated by China Mobile Pakistan (CMPak), a subsidiary. As of late 2014 Zong is offering the largest network in Pakistan with its Super 3G and 4G LTE services to its customers.
- Milestone China Mobile Official Site
- Company Profile China Mobile Official Site
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- Strait deals The Economist, 7 May 2009
- Company Profile CMCC Official Site
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- Operation Data – Customer Numbers China Mobile Official Site
- China Mobile Still Dominates, but Faces Competition in 3G. morningstar.com, 22 October 2010
- Asian economic and political issues, Volume 8 (page 68) Frank Columbus, Nova Publishers, 2003 (Google Books)
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- CMCC Profile CMCC Official Site (Archive.org cache)
- China Mobile, MTR, SJM Holdings, ZTE: Hong Kong Stocks Preview By Kana Nishizawa, bloomberg.com – 17 May 2011 5:54 PM PT
- Copyright World Economic Forum
- "Chinese Telecom: China Mobile Leads the Way". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 5 August 2009
- Homepage > Brand & Products > Business Review CMCC Official Site
- 2008 Corporate Social Responsibility Report – Rural Program CMCC Official Site
- CMCC Officially Enter Pakistani Telecommunication Market, 25 March 2007 CMCC Official Site
- ZoNG the first international brand of China Mobile being launched in Pakistan, 5 April 2008 CMCC Official Site
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- China Mobile to take over China Tietong Telecom
- Beijing Olympic Games spur another technological leap forward CMCC Official Site, 18 Aug 2008
- Homepage > About CMCC > Networks & Technologies CMCC Official Site
- Lee, Chyen Yee (16 May 2012). "China Mobile in talks with Apple for iPhone". reuters.com (Thompson Reuters). Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- China Mobile Limited: Annual Report 2010 (PDF). China Mobile Ltd. 2010. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- Anthony Ha. "Apple Announces Deal To Bring iPhones To China Mobile Starting On Jan. 17". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- For 2003 service, see Everest goes online for anniversary Mary Hennock, bbc.co.uk, Wednesday, 23 April 2003, 04:23 GMT 05:23 UK
- For 2007 service, see China tests Mt. Everest cell station msnbc.msn.com, 13 November 2007 8:09:24 PM ET
- Ian Mansfield, 18 May 2011, China Mobile Expands Coverage to the Spratly Islands, Cellular News
- "Nokia, China Mobile sign $970 million framework deal" (Press release). Reuters. 10 October 2014.
- "Nokia, China Mobile sign $970 million framework deal". Investing.com. 10 October 2014.
- "Our Brands". China Mobile. 2007. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2008. (Archive.org cache)
- "DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUANQIUTONG AND SHENZHOUXING". Wangjianshuo's blog. Shanghai. 19 March 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Homepage > Brand & Products > Our Brands CMCC Official Site (Archive.org cache)
- "Peoples: Company Profile (English)". China Mobile Peoples Telephone Co. Ltd. 2008. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2008.
- "Corporate Overview". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
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