China National Radio

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China National Radio
中央人民广播电台
Country China
First air date
30 December 1940
Headquarters Beijing, China
Broadcast area
Asia-Pacific
Owner China Media Group
Launch date
5 December 1949 (1949-12-05)
Former names
  • Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peking Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Central People's Broadcasting Station
Terrestrial radio channels
17
Digital radio channels
4
Digital TV channels
2
Callsigns Voice of China (external)
Official website
cnr.cn
China National Radio
Simplified Chinese 中央人民广播电台
Traditional Chinese 中央人民廣播電台
Literal meaning Central People's Broadcasting Station

China National Radio (CNR) (Chinese: 中央人民广播电台; Pinyin:Zhōngyāng Rénmín Guǎngbō Diàntái; IPA pronunciation:[ʈʂʊ́ŋ.jáŋ.ɻə̌n.mǐn.kwàŋ.pwó.tjɛ̂n.tʰǎi]) is the national radio station of the People's Republic of China. Its headquarters are in Beijing.

History[edit]

The infrastructure began with a transmitter from Moscow to set up its first station in Yan'an (延安). It used the call sign XNCR ("New China Radio") for broadcasts, and is the first radio station set up by the Communist Party of China in 1940.[1]

In the west, it was known as the Yan'an New China Radio Station (延安新华广播电台) broadcasting two hours daily.[1] In China, it was called the Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station, which was established on December 30, 1940.[2]

On March 25, 1949, it was renamed Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station (陕北新华广播电台) after it departed from Yan'an. It began to broadcast in Peiping under the name of Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station (北平新华广播电台). On December 5, 1949, it was officially named to Central People's Broadcasting Station, two months after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. The station offered 15.5 hours of service daily.[1]

Mao Zedong emphasized that all citizens should listen to the station on May 5, 1941. The "Central Press and Broadcasting Bureau" was the driver in pushing all schools, army units, and public organizations of all levels to install loud public speakers and radio reception base.[1] By the 1960s, 70 million speakers were installed reaching the rural population of 400 million.[1]

Central People's Broadcasting Station innovated wired transmissions, which were linked to the commonly found telephone poles hanging with loud speakers. It was part of Mao's ideology of delivering "Politics on Demand". The station served as the headquarters for propaganda during the Cultural Revolution.[1]

The station was later renamed China National Radio as its English name.[2] It would move to a new building in 1998.

Present[edit]

CNR currently has seventeen channels, with 198 hours of daily broadcasting through satellite. Channel one mainly broadcasts news in Mandarin to a national audience. Channel two, Business Radio, broadcasts economic, scientific and technological information and service programs in Mandarin throughout China. Channel three, Music Radio, is an FM stereo music channel. Channel four, Metro Radio, provides life programs exclusively to the listeners in Beijing. Channel five and Channel six, Cross-straits Radio, broadcast programs for the listeners in Taiwan. Channel seven, Huaxia Radio, broadcasts programs for the listeners in Hong Kong, Macau and the Pearl River Delta. Channel eight, Nationality Radio, broadcasts programs for the minority ethnic groups in Mongolian, Tibetan, Uigur, Kazak and Korean. Channel nine, Story Radio, broadcasts entertainment programs, including comic crosstalk and storytelling series programs, etc. After the recent reform, CNR's programming and production processes are increasingly specified, targeted and personalized. CNR has 40 correspondent branches in major cities including Hong Kong and Macau, and dispatched correspondents in Taiwan.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Station Description Freq
News Radio
(Literally: Voice of China[1])
中国之声 [ʈʂʊ́ŋ.kwǒ.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
CNR 1
The flagship radio station of CNR
Mainly news and commentaries, 24 hours a day
Major programmes: News and newspapers Summary (新闻和报纸摘要), National Network News (全国新闻联播), CNR News (央广新闻)
on AM 540, 639, 945, 981, 1035, 1053, 1116 etc., on SW 4750, 4800, 5945, 6030, 7230, 9455, 11710, 13610, 15380, 17580 etc., and on FM 106.1 in Beijing, FM 99.0 in Shanghai, FM 89.3 in Guangzhou, FM 95.8 in Shenzhen (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Business Radio
经济之声 [tɕíŋ.tɕî.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
CNR 2
A national service, mainly business news, 24 hours a day on AM 630, 720, 855, on SW 6175, 7245, 9620, 11665 etc., and on FM 96.6 in Beijing (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Music Radio
音乐之声 [ín.ɥê.ʈʂɻ̩́.ʂə́ŋ]
CNR 3
Broadcasting Chinese and world pop music on FM in many main cities in China, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24 on FM 90.0 in Beijing, FM101.2 in Shenzhen (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Golden Radio
经典音乐广播
CNR 4
Previously known as Metro Radio (都市之声)
Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly classic music, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1
on FM 101.8 in Beijing
Zhonghua News Radio
(Literally: Voice of the Chinese)
中华之声
CNR 5
The first Taiwan service, broadcasting in Mandarin, mainly news, entertainment, talk, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1 on MW 549, 765, 837, 1116 and SW 5925, 7620, 9685, 11620, 11935 in Taiwan Area, on FM 102.3 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu, and on FM94.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Shenzhou Easy Radio (Literally: Sound of the Divine Land)
神州之声
CNR 6
The second Taiwan service, broadcasting in dialects including Amoy, Hakka and entertainment in Mandarin, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24 on AM 684, 909, 1089 and SW 6165, 9170, 11905, 15710 in Taiwan Area,on FM 106.2 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu, and on FM107.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Huaxia Radio
华夏之声
CNR 7
The Zhujiang delta, Hong Kong and Macao Service, broadcasting in Mandarin and Cantonese, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2 on FM104.9 and AM1215 in Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Macau
Ethnic Minority Radio
民族之声
CNR 8
The Minorities Service, including Korean and Mongolian service. CNR's minorities service (including Uygur,Tibetan and Kazakh service below) transmitted on AM and FM in radio stations of minority ethnics' areas, such as Jilin, Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan etc.

Other languages on AM 1143 in Beijing, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-23 Mongolian at 5-14;Korean at 14-23 (All above are Beijing Time)

Story Radio
文艺之声
CNR 9
Broadcasting in Beijing only, all literature and entertainment programmes, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2 on FM 106.6 in Beijing
Senior Citizen Radio
老年之声
CNR 10
Broadcasting in Beijing only, for the elderly, including entertainment, health programmes etc., broadcasting during GMT+8 4:00-1:30 on AM 1053 in Beijing
Tibetan Radio
藏语广播
CNR 11
Tibetan service, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24 on AM 1098 and SW 6010,7350,7360,9480,9530,11685,15570
Happy Radio
娱乐广播
CNR 12
Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly entertainment, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-2 on AM 747 in Beijing
Uygur Radio
维吾尔语广播
CNR 13
Uygur service on AM 1098 in Beijing
Hong Kong Edition
香港之声
CNR 14
Broadcasting in Hong Kong only,in Mandarin and Cantonese, 24 hours a day on AM 675 (relayed by RTHK) and FM 87.8 in Hong Kong and Shenzhen
Highway Radio
中国交通广播
CNR 15
Broadcasting nationwide on highways, offering highway information on FM 99.6 in Beijing, Tianjin, FM 101.2 in Hebei and FM 90.5 in Hunan
Countryside Radio
中国乡村之声
CNR 16
Broadcasting agricultural programmes on AM 720 in Beijing
Kazakh Radio
哈萨克语广播
CNR 17
Kazakh service on SW 6180,9630,11630,12055

TV channels[edit]

  • CNR Care: Mainly Healthy Information
  • CNR Mall: TV Shopping Channel - a joint venture with QVC.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

1.^ Not the callsign of China Media Group's international service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Miller, Toby (2003). Television: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies. Routledge Publishing. ISBN 0-415-25502-3
  2. ^ a b CNR website. "CNR website." CNR introduction. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.
  3. ^ QVC Announces China Joint Venture, QVC news release via PR Newswire, Cleveland, OH, 20 March 2012. Retrieved: 11 August 2014.

External links[edit]