China Northern Airlines

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China Northern Airlines
Zhōngguó Běifāng Hángkōng
IATA ICAO Callsign
Ceased operations2003 (Merged with China Southern Airlines)
HubsShenyang Taoxian International Airport
Fleet size56+ (1995)
HeadquartersShenyang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China
A China Northern MD-82 taking off in Beijing.

China Northern Airlines (simplified Chinese: 中国北方航空; traditional Chinese: 中國北方航空; pinyin: Zhōngguó Běifāng Hángkōng) was an airline headquartered on the grounds of Dongta Airport, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.[1]

Besides Shenyang, it also had three hubs at Harbin Taiping International Airport, Changchun Longjia International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.

It was one of six major airline corporations that were formed as a result of the breakup of CAAC's airline operations. It initially operated a fleet of Airbus A300, McDonnell-Douglas MD-80, MD-90 and, later, Airbus A321 aircraft. It operated predominantly domestic destinations and also to North Korea, South Korea and Japan.


China Northern Airlines was established in 1990 to act as a successor to Swan Airlines. By the end of 1999, the airline had reached a total cargo rotation volume of 4882 million ton/km. In 2001 the airlines had ordered ten Airbus A321 but only six were in the fleet. It later merged into China Southern Airlines in 2003.


The fleet as of 1995.

Aircraft Total
Airbus A300 11
Airbus A321 6
Antonov An-2 Unknown
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 39
Mcdonnell Douglas MD-90 Unknown
Xian Y7-100 Unknown

Frequent Flyer Program[edit]

Sky Pearl Club was China Northern Airlines’ frequent flyer program until 2003 when it merged with China Southern Airlines.



  1. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 19–25, 2002. 48. "Dong Ta Airport, 3-1 Xiaoheyan Road, Dadong District, Shenyang City, Liaoning, 110043, China"
  2. ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 Shenyang Airport (SHE), Aviation Safety Network
  3. ^ Accident Database, AirDisaster.Com
  4. ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 B-2138 Dalian, Aviation Safety Network

External links[edit]