China Northern Airlines
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|Ceased operations||2003 (Merged with China Southern Airlines)|
|Hubs||Shenyang Taoxian International Airport|
|Fleet size||56+ (1995)|
|Headquarters||Shenyang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China|
China Northern Airlines (simplified Chinese: 中国北方航空; traditional Chinese: 中國北方航空; pinyin: Zhōngguó Běifāng Hángkōng) was an airline headquartered on the grounds of Dongta Airport, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.
It was one of six major airline corporations that were formed as a result of the breakup of CAAC's airline operations. It initially operated a fleet of Airbus A300, McDonnell-Douglas MD-80, MD-90 and, later, Airbus A321 aircraft. It operated predominantly domestic destinations and also to North Korea, South Korea and Japan.
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China Northern Airlines was established in 1990 to act as a successor to Swan Airlines. By the end of 1999, the airline had reached a total cargo rotation volume of 4882 million ton/km. In 2001 the airlines had ordered ten Airbus A321 but only six were in the fleet. It later merged into China Southern Airlines in 2003.
The fleet as of 1995.
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82||39|
|Mcdonnell Douglas MD-90||Unknown|
Frequent Flyer Program
Sky Pearl Club was China Northern Airlines’ frequent flyer program until 2003 when it merged with China Southern Airlines.
- On November 13, 1993, China Northern Flight 6901 from Beijing to Urumqi, a McDonnell-Douglas MD-82 (Reg. B-2141) airliner, crashed on approach to Urumqi airport, killing 12 of 102 on board. Pilot error was blamed for the crash.
- On April 17, 2002, China Northern Flight 6621 from Dalian to Shenyang, a McDonnell-Douglas MD-82 airliner, nine minutes after takeoff, a man attempted to hijack the domestic flight. In-flight security personnel and passengers managed to overpower the man immediately. At 17:58 local time, the flight landed safely at Shenyang.
- On May 7, 2002, China Northern Flight 6136 from Beijing to Dalian, a McDonnell-Douglas MD-82 (Reg. B-2138) airliner, crashed into the Yellow Sea about 6 miles (9.7 km) off the Dalian coast, killing all 112 on board. It was later determined that a passenger who wanted to commit suicide started a fire on board the aircraft.
- World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 19–25, 2002. 48. "Dong Ta Airport, 3-1 Xiaoheyan Road, Dadong District, Shenyang City, Liaoning, 110043, China"
- ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 Shenyang Airport (SHE), Aviation Safety Network
- Accident Database, AirDisaster.Com
- ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 B-2138 Dalian, Aviation Safety Network
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