China Northwest Airlines

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China Northwest Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1989
Ceased operations 2002 (Merged with China Eastern)
Hubs Xi'an Xianyang International Airport
Fleet size 34
Headquarters Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China

China Northwest Airlines Co., Ltd. (中国西北航空公司) was an airline based in the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Xian.[1] It started operations in 1989. In 2002, the airline, along with China Yunnan Airlines, merged with China Eastern Airlines.


When CAAC broke itself up into six major airline corporations, China Northwest was one of them. The airline was based in Xian. It operated mostly domestic routes but also a handful of international flights to Japan. After the acquisition the airline was renamed China Eastern Xi Bei.[2]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On July 23, 1993, Flight 2119 crashed while attempting to take off at Yinchuan Hedong Airport, Ningxia, killing 54 passengers and 1 crew member on board.
  • On June 6, 1994 Flight 2303 broke apart and crashed while flying between Xi'an and Guangzhou, killing all 160 people on board. As of 2017, this remains the deadliest aviation accident to occur in mainland China.


At the time the China Northwest merged into China Eastern, the airline's fleet consisted of the following aircraft:[3]

Aircraft Total Orders
Airbus A300 5
Airbus A310 3
Airbus A320 15
British Aerospace 146 11
Total 34 0


  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 1–7 April 1998. 57. "Laodong Nanlu, Xian City, 710082, Shanxi Provence [sic], China"
  2. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 23–29, 2004. 52.
  3. ^ "China Northwest Airlines Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 2017-01-17. 

External links[edit]