Oceanwide Holdings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from China Oceanwide Holdings)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Oceanwide Holdings Co., Ltd.
Formerly called
  • Shenzhen Nanyou Property
  • Guangcai Construction Group
  • Oceanwide Construction Group
  • Oceanwide Real Estate Group
Public
Traded as SZSE: 000046
Industry Conglomerate
Founded
  • 9 May 1989 (1989-05-09) in Shenzhen
  • 1998 (as Guangcai Construction Group)
Founder Shenzhen Nanyou Holdings
Headquarters Beijing, China
Area served
  • mainland China
  • United States
  • Indonesia
Key people
Chairman Lu Zhiqiang
Products Real estate
Services
  • Financial services
  • Electricity
Revenue Increase CN¥12.671 billion (2015)
Increase CN¥3.168 billion (2015)
Increase CN¥2.020 billion (2015)
Total assets Increase CN¥118.356 billion (2015)
Total equity Increase CN¥10.288 billion (2015)
Owner Lu Zhiqiang (69.01%)
Parent
Subsidiaries
Website fhkg.com
Footnotes / references
in a consolidated basis[1]
Oceanwide Holdings
Simplified Chinese 泛海控股
Oceanwide Real Estate
Simplified Chinese 泛海建设

Oceanwide Holdings Co., Ltd. is a Chinese publicly traded conglomerate. It was a subsidiary of Tohigh Holding, via intermediate holding companies Oceanwide Group and China Oceanwide Holdings Group.

Oceanwide Holdings is a constituent of Shenzhen Stock Exchange blue-chip index: SZSE 100 Index.

The company was also included in CSI 300 Index from June 2015[2] to November 2016. However, the company was often removed[3][4] and re-entered[5][6] the index due to low trading volume. The company was also in the "reserve list", a list of candidates for the CSI 100 Index in 2008.[7]

The company was included in the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect and Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect.[8] Its Hong Kong based subsidiary China Oceanwide Holdings was also on the list[9] until March 2017.

History[edit]

The predecessor of the publicly traded company (Chinese: 深圳南油物业发展; literally: "Shenzhen Nanyou Property Development"), was incorporated on 9 May 1989 by Shenzhen Nanyou Holdings. It became a publicly traded company on 3 May 1994.[10]

In 1998, Oceanwide Group acquired the controlling interests in the public company, making the company a SPV for backdoor listing their assets. The company became Guangcai Construction Group (Chinese: 光彩建设集团) until 2005. On 10 December 2005 the public company was renamed into Oceanwide Construction Group (Chinese: 泛海建设集团).[11] (The English name was later renamed into Oceanwide Real Estate Group)

As at 31 December 2005, Oceanwide Group via three subsidiaries,[nb 1] owned 48.17% shares of Oceanwide Construction Group.[13] It was increased to 70.42% in 2006[14] and 80.36% in 2008,[15] due to acquiring assets from the parent company in all-share deal. It was diluted to 76.429% in December 2011.[16] In October 2011, the company finally relocated its registered address from Shenzhen to Beijing.[17]

Diversification & foreign investments[edit]

In 2013, the Beijing-based public company started its diversification, which saw the company entered into the United States and Indonesia, as well as entered the financial services industry. It acquired the controlling stake of financial service companies Minsheng Securities in 2014, China Minsheng Trust in 2016, as well as 71.36% shares of Hong Kong based public companies Hutchison Harbour Ring in 2014[18] (was renamed into China Oceanwide Holdings Limited, SEHK00715) and Quam Financial Service Group (SEHK00952) in 2017. However, the acquisition of CASH Financial Services Group (SEHK00510), via Oceanwide Holdings International Finance, was failed in 2015.[19][20] Oceanwide Real Estate Group was also renamed to Oceanwide Holdings, as well as setting up a Hong Kong based company China Oceanwide Group Limited (Chinese: 中泛集團) for foreign acquisition.

China Oceanwide Group[edit]

China Oceanwide Group Limited was incorporated on 30 August 2013, it became the major parent company of Oceanwide Holdings' assets outside the mainland China.

The acquisition of Hutchison Harbour Ring by China Oceanwide Group was a leverage buyout. Due to the exchange control, Oceanwide Holdings had guaranteed its subsidiary Oceanwide Holdings International, the SPV to acquire Hutchison Harbour Ring of not more than HK$4 billion.[21][22] (Eventually a HK$3.3 billion was borrowed from a financial services company in Hong Kong, that the name was not disclosed[23]) The final purchase price was approx. HK$3.823 billion, or about HK$0.60 per share.[18] In October Oceanwide Holdings International borrowed a further US$140 million from CTI Capital Management to support the San Francisco project (mentioned below), and 1,650,608,520 number of shares of Hong Kong public company, China Oceanwide Holdings were pledged.[24] The borrowing would be used as inter-company loan. However, in October 2015, the obligation to refurbish the residual HK$1.35 billion loan used in the buyout of China Oceanwide Holdings was transferred from Oceanwide Holdings International to Oceanwide Holdings International Investment, the entity for San Francisco project,[23] making the two inter-company transaction cancel out.

The acquisition of 51% stake of Quam Financial Service Group was another leverage buyout. The price, HK$1.097 billion (HK$1.38 per share)[25] paid by Oceanwide Holdings International Financial Development, was in fact borrowed from Haitong International Securities, by the guarantee of China Oceanwide Group.[26]

In 2014, China Oceanwide Group also acquired a minority stake (about 0.23%) in CITIC Limited (via Oceanwide Real Estate International) for US$100 million (HK$13.48 per share).[27]

The company also acquired a project in Figueroa Central, South Park, Downtown Los Angeles in 2013 (via Tohigh Construction Investment) for not more than US$200 million.[28][29] In mid-2014, Oceanwide Holdings planned to raise US$720 million to develop the L.A. project.[30] On 10 September, the issue of US$320 million bond (SEHK05798) by a SPV: Oceanwide Real Estate International Holding was completed.[31] In August 2015, the L.A. project was sold to the Hong Kong publicly traded subsidiary China Oceanwide Holdings Limited, for an approx. US$190.5 million, excluding the values of shareholder's loan and external debts.[32]

In November 2014, China Oceanwide Group (via Tohigh Property Investment) acquired a Project located in First Street corner Mission Street, San Francisco for US$296 million.[33][34] Again, it was a leverage buyout, as Oceanwide Holdings International Investment, the intermediate parent company of aforementioned Tohigh Property Investment, planned to borrow US$160 million from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, which Oceanwide Holdings, had pledged some of the assets located in the mainland China to the bank.[35] In August 2015, US$400 million bonds (SEHK5557) were issued by another SPV: "Oceanwide Holdings International 2015 Co., Ltd." for the San Francisco project.[36][37] In April 2016, China Oceanwide Group borrowed a further HK$1.08 billion from CITIC Bank International and other financial services company, buy pledged the shares of China Oceanwide Holdings Limited.[38]

The Hong Kong listed subsidiaries acquired a project in the New York City from independent third parties[39] and a power plant in Medan, Indonesia from Oceanwide Holdings' parent company China Oceanwide Holdings Group in August 2015.[32]

In November 2015 China Oceanwide Group acquired 80% stake of another power plant project, located in Java, from China Oceanwide Holdings Group for HK$1. The project was still in tender stage, thus had a low accounting value.[40]

In December 2016, Oceanwide Holdings deposited CN¥1.4 billion to China CITIC Bank Beijing headquarters as collateral, at the same time China Oceanwide Group borrowed a further US$200 million from CITIC Bank International, mature in a year.[26] In January 2017 China Oceanwide Group borrowed US$200 million from DBS Bank Singapore branch and HSBC (Hong Kong), which Oceanwide Holdings also deposited Renminbi equivalent to US$211 million and US100 million to their Beijing branch,[41] as a response to the tighten capital control of China.

China Oceanwide Holdings Limited[edit]

Since acquired by China Oceanwide Group in late 2014, China Oceanwide Holdings Limited (SEHK00715) became one the international arm of Oceanwide Holdings. In 2015 China Oceanwide Holdings Limited (via China Oceanwide International Asset Management) acquired 7.90% shares of Huiyuan Juice (SEHK1886)[42] and subscribed the new H share of GF Securities (SEHK1776).[43] In June, China Oceanwide Holdings Limited also lend HK$700 million to Able China Investments, a private company owned by Wong Pui Hoi and was the second largest shareholder of Simsen International (SEHK00993), in turn 270 million number of shares of Simsen International were pledged.[44] Simsen International was takeover by China Huarong Asset Management in the same year, (by buying all the new shares)[45] which Able China Investments was became the third largest shareholder (fell from the second).[46]

On 5 August 2015, via China Oceanwide Real Estate Development III Limited, China Oceanwide Holdings Limited acquired 80 South Street in New York City for US$390 million.[39] On 20 August, via China Oceanwide Real Estate Development I Limited, the Hong Kong public company acquired the entire share capital of Oceanwide Real Estate International Investment and its subsidiaries (the L.A. project) from the parent company (the Chinese public company), as well as a shareholder's loan of US$24,573,000 to Oceanwide Plaza LLC (the entity to construct the project), for a total of US$215.1 million.[32] In a separate deal, the Hong Kong public company acquired 60% stake of an Indonesian power plant in Medan (known as Mabar Elektrindo) from China Oceanwide Holdings Group, a private company and parent company of both Hong Kong and Beijing based public company for US$37.09 million.[32][47]

Since 2016, the Hong Kong company heavily rely on parent company deposited collateral in the mainland China in order to allow the HK company (via China Oceanwide International Capital Investments Management) borrowed US$50 million from Credit Suisse Hong Kong branch[48] and US$75 million from Hang Seng Bank by another subsidiary China Oceanwide International Capital Hong Kong.[49]

In December 2016 China Oceanwide Holdings became part of the securities that could be traded in the mainland China via Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect.

On 10 February 2017 China Oceanwide Holdings was removed from Hang Seng Composite MidCap Index as a constituent.[50] Due to the removal, China Oceanwide Holdings was also removed from Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect[51] and Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect.

List of properties[edit]

Subsidiaries[edit]


  • China Oceanwide Group (Chinese: 中泛集團, 100%)[nb 2]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International Capital Investment (100%)[40]
      • China Oceanwide Power International (100%)[40]
        • China Oceanwide Power Development (100%)[40]
          • PT. Oceanwide Pembangkitan Jawa Bali (80%)[40]
    • Oceanwide Real Estate International (100%)[27]
    • Oceanwide Real Estate International Holding (100%)[30]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International Investment (100%)[33]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International 2015 (100%)[36]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International Finance (100%)[19]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International Financial Development (100%)[54]
    • Oceanwide Holdings International (100%)[21]
      • China Oceanwide Holdings (Chinese: 中泛控股, SEHK715, 71.44%)
        • China Oceanwide Property International Development (100%)
          • Harbour Ring Plaza, various floors (Shanghai Gang Lu Real Estate Development) (88%)[55]
        • China Oceanwide Property Sino (100%)
          • Harbour Ring Huang Pu Centre, various floors (Shanghai Pu Gang Real Estate Development) (80%)[56]
        • Grand Hover International Development (100%)
        • Jeanwell Development (100%)
        • China Oceanwide International Asset Management (100%)[42]
        • China Oceanwide International Capital Investments Management (100%)[49]
          • China Oceanwide International Capital Hong Kong (100%)[49]
        • China Oceanwide Real Estate Development I Limited (100%)
          • Oceanwide Real Estate International Investment (100%)[28]
            • Oceanwide Real Estate Group (USA) Corporation (100%)[28]
        • China Oceanwide Real Estate Development III Limited (100%)
        • China Oceanwide Real Estate Development IV Limited (100%)
          • Oceanwide Real Estate Investment HI Corp. (100%)
            • Hawai Project (Oceanwide Resort HI LLC) (100%)
        • China Oceanwide Power Investment I Limited (100%)
          • China Oceanwide Power (100%)
            • PT. Banyuasin Power Energy (85%)
            • PT. Mabar Elektrindo (60%)

Equity investments[edit]

Financial data[edit]

Oceanwide Holdings Co., Ltd. (in CN¥) China Oceanwide Holdings Ltd. (in HK$)
Year Revenue Profit Total assets Net assets Stake in HK listco Revenue Profit Profit to group Total assets Net assets Net assets to group
2015[58] 61.10% Increase 189.2 million Increase 122.5 million Increase 74.9 million Increase 8.735 billion Increase 6.140 billion Increase 3.751 billion

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ China Oceanwide Holdings Group (Chinese: 中国泛海控股集团), Guangcai Investment Group (Chinese: 光彩事业投资集团) and Oceanwide Construction Holdings (Chinese: 泛海建设控股); Guangcai Investment Group was later renamed into Oceanwide Resources Investment Group (Chinese: 泛海资源投资集团) and then Oceanwide Energy Holdings (Chinese: 泛海能源控股); Oceanwide Construction Holdings was absorbed by China Oceanwide Holdings Group in 2009.[12]
  2. ^ Formerly known as Oceanwide Real Estate Group (Hong Kong) between 2014 to 2015, Oceanwide Holdings (Hong Kong) between 2013 to 2014.
  3. ^ Formerly known as Tohigh Property Investment, LLC
  4. ^ formerly known as Tohigh Construction Investment, LLC[57]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证香港100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证香港100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证香港100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  6. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证香港100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "关于调整沪深300和中证香港100等指数样本股的公告" (Press release) (in Chinese). China Securities Index. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  8. ^ https://www.hkex.com.hk/chi/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/Documents/SZSE_Securities_c.xls 2017-01
  9. ^ http://finance.sina.cn/stock/ywgg/2016-11-25/detail-ifxyawmm3397768.d.html
  10. ^ "Articles of Association" (PDF). Guangcai Construction Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 28 December 2004. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "关于变更公司名称及证券简称的公告". Oceanwide Construction Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 13 December 2005. 
  12. ^ "2009 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "2005 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Construction Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 27 April 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "2006 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Construction Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "2008 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "2011 Annual Report" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "关于完成工商变更登记的公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "JOINT ANNOUNCEMENT (1) ACQUISITION OF APPROXIMATELY 71.36% INTEREST IN THE COMPANY BY THE OFFEROR AND (2) UNCONDITIONAL MANDATORY CASH OFFERS..." (PDF). Hutchison Harbour Ring. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  19. ^ a b "关于境外间接附属公司泛海控股国际金融有限公司收购时富金融服务集团有限公司相关股权之公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "关于附属公司境外收购资产进展公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 9 May 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  21. ^ a b "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "关于附属公司境外收购资产进展公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "JOINT ANNOUNCEMENT(I)AGREEMENT IN RELATION TO THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF SHARES IN QUAM LTD;(II)POSSIBLE UNCONDITIONAL MANDATORY CASH OFFERS..." (PDF). Quam Financial Service Group. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 2 November 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  26. ^ a b "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "关于认购中信泰富有限公司新增股份暨对外投资的公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c d "关于收购美国洛杉矶Fig Central项目对外投资公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate Group (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  29. ^ Makinen, Julie (27 December 2013). "Chinese developer Oceanwide buying property in downtown L.A." LA Times. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  30. ^ a b "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  31. ^ "NOTICE OF LISTING ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE OF HONG KONG LIMITED - Oceanwide Real Estate International Holding Company Limited - US$320,000,000 11.75% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2019" (PDF). Oceanwide Real Estate International Holding. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c d "MAJOR AND CONNECTED TRANSACTIONS IN RELATION TO THE ACQUISITION OF A US REAL ESTATE PROJECT AND AN INDONESIAN POWER PLANT PROJECT" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 20 August 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c d "对外投资公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  34. ^ "Chinese developers muscling in to Bay Area housing market". SF Gate. 13 March 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  35. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  36. ^ a b "Notice of Listing on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited - Oceanwide Holdings International 2015 Co., Limited issues US$400,000,000 9.625% Guaranteed Senior Notes due 2020 unconditionally and irrevocably guaranteed by Oceanwide Holdings Co., Ltd" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings International 2015. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  37. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  38. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  39. ^ a b "MAJOR TRANSACTION SALE AND PURCHASE AGREEMENT IN RELATION TO ACQUISITION OF PROPERTIES" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "对外投资暨关联交易公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 28 November 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  41. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  42. ^ a b "DISCLOSEABLE TRANSACTION - ACQUISITION OF LISTED SECURITIES" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  43. ^ "SUBSCRIPTION FOR GF SECURITIES H SHARES" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  44. ^ "DISCLOSEABLE TRANSACTION - PROVISION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND ADVANCE TO AN ENTITY" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings Limited. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  45. ^ "COMPLETION OF THE SUBSCRIPTION FOR NEW SHARES" (PDF). Simsen International. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  46. ^ "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Huarong International Financial. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  47. ^ "关联交易公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings. Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  48. ^ "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings. Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  49. ^ a b c "对外担保公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings. Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  50. ^ "Hang Seng Indexes Announces Index Review Results" (PDF). Hang Seng Indexes. 10 February 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  51. ^ "关于深港通下的港股通股票名单调整的公告" (PDF) (in Chinese). 中国创盈市场服务. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  52. ^ a b c d "简式权益变动报告书" (PDF). China Minsheng Bank (in Chinese). Shanghai Stock Exchange. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  53. ^ "关于中国民生信托有限公司变更股权、增资及调整股权结构的批复" (in Chinese). China Banking Regulatory Commission. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  54. ^ "关于境外全资附属公司泛海控股国际金融发展有限公司收购华富国际控股有限公司相关股份的公告" (PDF). Oceanwide Holdings (in Chinese). Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 3 November 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  55. ^ http://www.suaee.com/f/mprj/detail?id=G317SH1008745
  56. ^ http://www.suaee.com/f/mprj/detail?id=G317SH1008744
  57. ^ "Subdivision Agreement and Contract" (PDF). Department of Public Works, City of Los Angeles. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  58. ^ "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). China Oceanwide Holdings. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 

External links[edit]