China Post

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
China Post Group Corporation
中国邮政集团有限公司
TypeState-owned enterprise, Limited company
IndustryCourier
Founded1997
FounderGovernment of China
HeadquartersNo. A3 Jinrong Street,
Xicheng District, Beijing, China
Area served
Mainland China[1]
Key people
Ma Junsheng, Director-General As of 31 October 2008[2]
ServicesLetter post, parcel service, EMS, delivery, freight forwarding, third-party logistics, deposit account
RevenueUS$ 89.347 billion
US$ 4.4409 billion (2020)
OwnerPeople's Republic of China
Number of employees
927,171 (2020)
ParentState Council via the Ministry of Finance
SubsidiariesAirlines
Postal Savings Bank of China
China National Philatelic Corporation
Post Mart
Websitewww.chinapost.com.cn
China Post Group Company
Simplified Chinese中国邮政集团有限公司
Traditional Chinese中國郵政集團有限公司
Literal meaningChina Postal Services Group Limited Corporation
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaningChina Post

China Post, legally the China Post Group Corporation[3] (Chinese: 中国邮政集团有限公司[4]), is the state-owned enterprise operating the official postal service of China, which provides the service in mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau, which have their own postal service independent of the mainland's. The Corporation officially shares its office with the sub-ministry-level government agency State Post Bureau which regulates the national postal industry theoretically including the corporation.

History[edit]

The Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire was established in 1878 by Robert Hart[5] at the suggestion of the foreign powers[citation needed], with branch offices in five major trading cities. On 20 March 1896, the Customs Post Office became the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 became independent of the customs service. The Great Qing Post became the Chunghwa Post in 1912. Chunghwa postal service had signed a contract with the China Airways Federal group in 1929 to transport airmail on the Shanghai-Hankow, Nanjing-Beijing, and Hankow-Guangzhou routes.[6][7] Chunghwa Post had functioned as the main postal service provider of Mainland China until 1949.

The current postal service of People's Republic of China was established in 1949. It replaced the Chunghwa Post in mainland China in 1949, as well as in the Universal Postal Union in 1972. It was formerly administered by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. China Post is directly supervised by the State Post Bureau which has overall responsibility for regulating postal service in China. The State Post Bureau is an agency reporting to the Ministry of Information Industry of the People's Republic of China.

Organizational structure[edit]

A China Post postbox in Shanghai

After the separation from the State Post Bureau and several re-organization, China Post is currently organized along the following structure.[8]

  • General Office
  • Department of Strategic Planning (Legal Affairs)
  • Department of Market
  • Department of Financial Service
  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Human Resources
  • Department of Planning and Construction
  • Department of Procurement Management
  • Department of Audit
  • Department of Party Building Work
  • Office of Inspection
  • China Post Trade Union
  • Unit of Parcel, Express and Logistics Business (China Postal Express and Logistice Co., Ltd.)
  • China National Philatelic Corporation
  • China Post Culture and History Center (China National Post and Postage Stamp Museum)
  • China Post News Press
  • Postage Stamp Printing Bureau (Beijing Stamp Factory)
  • Shijiazhuang Posts and Telecommunications Technical College (China Post Training Center & Party School)
  • China Post Group IT (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
  • China Post E-commerce Co.
  • China Post Advertising Co., Ltd.
  • Other province-level, prefecture-level and county-level branches

China Post Service[edit]

International services for China Post include Small Parcel, Large Package and EMS. The Small parcel and large package of China Post can be tracked if registered. According to transportation methods, it can be divided into three categories: Air Parcel, Surface Air Lift (SAL) Parcel, and Surface Parcel. China Post air mail/parcel is the most popular because it is cheap and convenient. EMS is faster than China Post Mail but more expensive.[9]

Operations[edit]

A mail truck in Beijing
A postal car towing trailers with mail, at a train station
China Post logo with (New) Tai Lü script in Mohan, Yunnan
  • Postal offices and branches: 373,600 (2019)
  • Mail processing centers: 236
  • First and second class truck route: 6.3 million kilometers (2014)
  • Transportation vehicles: 86,000 (2014)
  • Aircraft: 33(2020)
  • Railway carriages: 174(2014)
  • Letter sorting machines: 155
  • Automatic parcel sorting machines: 209
  • Computerized postal offices: 20,000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Postal Administrations and Their Main Functions". State Post Bureau. October 31, 2008. Archived from the original on September 4, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  2. ^ "Top Officials of the State Post Bureau". State Post Bureau. October 31, 2008. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  3. ^ "About Us". englishmake.chinapost.com.cn. Retrieved 2020-08-01.
  4. ^ 中国邮政集团有限公司改制公告 (Announcement on the restructure of China Post Group Company)
  5. ^ "Robert Hart: a man of two worlds". www.sacu.org. Archived from the original on 2015-08-12. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  6. ^ "CNAC History". Archived from the original on 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
  7. ^ "Stinson Detroiter - Gregory Crouch". Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
  8. ^ China Post. "组织架构 - 中国邮政集团有限公司". China Post (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  9. ^ "China Post Service". chinapostaltracking.com. Archived from the original on 2019-04-20. Retrieved 2019-12-06.

External links[edit]