China Railway

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China Railway Corporation
Native name
中国铁路总公司
State-owned enterprise
Industry Rail Transport
Predecessor Ministry of Railways
Founded
  • 19 January 1950 (as ministry)
  • 14 March 2013 (as company)
Headquarters Beijing, China
Area served
China
Key people
Lu Dongfu (General manager)
Services Passenger rail
Freight rail
Revenue Decrease CN¥916.258 billion[nb 1] (2015)
Decrease CN¥53.456 billion[nb 2] (2015)
Decrease CN¥(32.355 billion) (2015)
Total assets Increase CN¥6.245870 trillion (2015)
Total equity Increase CN¥2.150725 trillion (2015)
Owner Ministry of Finance of China
Number of employees
2 million approx. (2013)
Divisions Railway operations
Subsidiaries 16 bureaux
5 companies
Website www.china-railway.com.cn
Footnotes / references
source[1]
China Railway Corporation
Simplified Chinese 中国铁路总公司
Traditional Chinese 中國鐵路總公司
Literal meaning China Railway General Company
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 铁总
Traditional Chinese 鐵總

China Railway, commonly known as CR, full name China Railway Corporation is a state-owned sole proprietorship enterprise that undertakes railway passenger and cargo transportation services in the People's Republic of China and is a state-owned industrial enterprise established under the "Law of the People's Republic of China on All-Ownership Industrial Enterprises." The Ministry of Finance acts on behalf of the State Council to perform the duties of investors.[2] It used to be part of the now defunct Ministry of Railways. China Railway operates passenger and freight transport via 21 companies.

China Railway previously had its own railway police force, prosecutors office and court system. The police department of the railway is still under the control of the company. The status of the police is civil service of Ministry of Public Security, but they are still paid and managed by the company. [3]

[edit]

Logos of China Railway
China Railway Logo
CR logo

The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912-1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that the China's railway belongs to the people.[4][5][6]

The "CR" logo is used on Fuxing Hao along with the China Railway logo.[7]

Companies[edit]

CR service regions

There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately 2 million people work in China Railway.

Business Company Provinces of operation Regions of operation
Passenger China Railway Harbin Group Company
(CR Harbin)
Northeastern Inner Mongolia(Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang Northeast China
China Railway Shenyang Group Company
(CR Shenyang)
Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia(Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League),
southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei
China Railway Beijing Group Company
(CR Beijing)
Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong,
northern Henan, eastern Shanxi
North China
China Railway Hohhot Group Company
(CR Hohhot)
Inner Mongolia
China Railway Taiyuan Group Company
(CR Taiyuan)
Shanxi
China Railway Jinan Group Company
(CR Jinan)
Shandong East China
China Railway Shanghai Group Company
(CR Shanghai)
Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang
China Railway Nanchang Group Company
(CR Nanchang)
Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan
China Railway Guangzhou Group Company
(CR Guangzhou)
Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan South China
China Railway Nanning Group Company
(CR Nanning)
Guangxi, western Guangdong
China Railway Wuhan Group Company
(CR Wuhan)
Hubei, southern Henan Central China
China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company
(CR Zhengzhou)
Henan, Shanxi
China Railway Chengdu Group Company
(CR Chengdu)
Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei Southwest China
China Railway Kunming Group Company
(CR Kunming)
Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou
China Railway Qingzang Group Company
(CR Qingzang)
Tibet
Qinghai Northwest China
China Railway Lanzhou Group Company
(CR Lanzhou)
Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia
China Railway Ürümqi Group Company
(CR Ürümqi)
Xinjiang, parts of Gansu
China Railway Xi'an Group Company
(CR Xi'an)
Shaanxi,northeast Sichuan
Freight China Railway Special Cargo Service Company
(CRSCS)
Nationwide
China Railway Express Company
(CRE)
China Railway Container Transport Company
(CRCT)

Second tier subsidiaries[edit]

Parent Subsidiary Operational line
CR Guangzhou Guangshen Railway Company Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway
Guangmeishan Railway Company Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway
Sanmao Company Sanshui–Maoming railway
Shichang Railway Company Shimen–Changsha railway
Yuehai Railway Company Guangdong–Hainan railway
CR Kunming Shuibai Railway Company Liupanshui–Baiguo railway
CR Nanchang Wuyishan Railway Company Hengfeng–Nanping railway
Quanzhou Railway Company Zhangping–Longyan–Kanshi railway
Longyan Railway Company Zhangping–Quanzhou–Xiaocuo railway
Xiamen Haicang Railway Company Haicang branch railway
CR Shanghai Xiaoyong Railway Company Xiaoshan–Ningbo railway
Hejiu Railway Company Hefei–Jiujiang railway
Xinchang Railway Company Xinyi–Changxing railway
Jinwen Railway Company Jinhua–Wenzhou railway
Ningqi Railway Company Nanjing–Qidong railway
Ninghe Railway Company Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway
Hewu Railway Company Hefei–Wuhan high-speed railway
CR Taiyuan Daqin Railway Company Datong–Qinhuangdao railway
CR Wuhan Huhanrong Railway Hubei Company Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway (Hubei section)
Luofu Railway Company Luohe–Fuyang railway
CR Xi'an Xiyan Railway Company Xi'an–Yan'an railway
CR Zhengzhou Anli Branch Line Company Anyang–Lizhen railway
Tanghe Branch Line Company Tangyin–Hebi railway

International operations[edit]

International passenger trains[edit]

The Beijing - Pyongyang passenger train with the emblem of China
The Beijing–UlaanBaatar–Moscow passenger train

China Railway operates the passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Vietnam.

Services to Europe (New Silk Route)[edit]

As of 2017 China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand.[8] The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative.[9] Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.

Africa[edit]

China has been investing in and helping to rebuild railways in Africa.[10][11] Below is an incomplete list of rail projects.

Name Location Constructed Company Cost Comments & Ref
High Plateau line, Algeria Relizane, Saida, Tiaret, Tissemsilt, Boughezoul to M'Sila, Algeria 2009-2013 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$2.8bn [12]
Benguela Railway Lobito to Luau, Angola 2006-2014 China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$1.83bn Railway was rebuilt following civil war
Chad Railway Ngaoundéré, Cameroon to Nyala, Sudan via Moundou, N’Djamena and Abéché in Chad 2012-ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$5.6bn Construction over three phases
Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to Djibouti City, Djibouti 2011-2016 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$4bn Electric
Mombasa-Nairobi Railway Mombasa to Nairobi, Kenya (extended to Naivasha, Kenya in 2016 2014-2017 China Communications Construction US$3.6bn [13]
Kenya-Uganda border Naivasha, Kisumu to Malaba, Kenya 2016-ongoing China Road and Bridge Corporation (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$5.42bn [14]
Mali-Guinea Railway Bamako, Mali to Conakry, Guinea 2016-ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$8bn [15]
Mali-Senegal Railway Bamako, Mali to Dakar, Senegal 2016-ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$2.7bn [16]
Nigeria Coastal Railway Lagos to Calabar, Nigeria 2014-ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$11.1bn [17]
Lagos-Kano Railway Lagos to Kano, Nigeria 2011-ongoing, Abuja to Kajuna completed in 2016 China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$8.3bn [18]
Sudan Railway Khartoum to Port Sudan, Sudan 2007-2012, 2014 opened China Railway Engineering Corporation US$1.5bn [19][20]
TAZARA Railway Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia 1970-1975 Railway Engineering Corps (now CRCC), Ministry of Railways (now CCECC) US$500m Currently in need of reinvestment
Uganda Railway Malaba, Kampala, Kasese, Uganda to Rwanda and South Sudan 2015-ongoing China Harbour Engineering (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$8bn [21][22][23]

List of general managers[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund"
  2. ^ EBIT, including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund" but excluding contribution to "Water Conservancy Construction Fund"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国铁路总公司2015年年度报告" [China Railway Corporation 2015 Annual Report] (in Chinese). archive of Shangjai Clearing House. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "国家铁路局". www.nra.gov.cn. Retrieved 2017-03-09. 
  3. ^ 铁路公安转制公务员 中铁总公司“企业代管”八万警察, 《中国经营报》,2013-08-31
  4. ^ "中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶 60年前的标志还是这么简洁、漂亮!_刘逸设计_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  5. ^ "Rologo 标志共和国 | 专注于Logo的网站_Logo设计_Logo欣赏 » 中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶". Rologo.com. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  6. ^ 路徽的来历.
  7. ^ 天津站的复兴号CR400AF标准动车组.
  8. ^ Tracy McVeigh (14 January 2017). "Silk Road route back in business as China train rolls into London". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Travelling from China to London - BBC News". BBC. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  10. ^ O'Dowd, Emily. "Special report: How five major African rail projects are supported by China". Retrieved 2018-09-18. 
  11. ^ Kacungira, Nancy (2017-06-08). "Is Kenya's new railway good value for money?". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-09-18. 
  12. ^ "The Report: Algeria 2010 page 165". Oxford Publishing Group. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  13. ^ "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  14. ^ "Government Signs Commercial Contract for the Nairobi to Malaba SGR Section with CCCC". Kenya Railways. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  15. ^ "Mali signs $11bn agreements with China for new rail projects". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  16. ^ "China to build major new African railway from Mali to the coast". Global Construction Review. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  17. ^ "CCECC sign $11.117 billion Lagos-Calabar Rail Contract line". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  18. ^ "Abuja-Kaduna Rail line". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  19. ^ "Construction of railway from Khartoum to Port Sudan". Aiddata. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  20. ^ "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  21. ^ David Lumu, and Samuel Balagadde (30 August 2014). "Chinese Firm CHEC Given US$8 Billion Railway Deal". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  22. ^ Jin, Haixing (31 March 2015). "China's Xi Finds Eight Good Reasons to Host Uganda's President". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  23. ^ Monitor Reporter, . (30 March 2015). "Museveni Signs Deal With Chinese Company To Construct Kasese Railway Line". Daily Monitor (Kampala). Retrieved 1 April 2015. 

External links[edit]