China Railway

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For other uses, see China Railway (disambiguation).
China Railway Corporation
Native name
中国铁路总公司
state-owned enterprise
Industry Rail Transport
Predecessor Ministry of Railways
Founded
  • 19 January 1950 (as ministry)
  • 14 March 2013 (as company)
Headquarters Beijing, China
Area served
China
Key people
Lu Dongfu (General manager)
Services
Revenue Decrease CN¥916.258 billion[nb 1] (2015)
Decrease CN¥53.456 billion[nb 2] (2015)
Decrease CN¥(32.355 billion) (2015)
Total assets Increase CN¥6.245870 trillion (2015)
Total equity Increase CN¥2.150725 trillion (2015)
Owner Ministry of Finance of China
Number of employees
2 million approx. (2013)
Divisions Railway operations
Subsidiaries 16 bureaux
5 companies
Website www.china-railway.com.cn
Footnotes / references
source[1]
China Railway Corporation
Simplified Chinese 中国铁路总公司
Traditional Chinese 中國鐵路總公司
Literal meaning China Railway General Company

China Railway or CR, full name China Railway Corporation is the national railway operator of the People's Republic of China,[2] under the regulation of the Ministry of Transport and the National Railway Administration.[3] It used to be part of the now defunct Ministry of Railways.

China Railway operates passenger and freight transport via several smaller companies. China Railway previously had its own police force, Prosecutors Office and court system, which was unique among the world's railways.[citation needed] However, the police department of the railway still under the control of the company, although the status of the police is civil service of Ministry of Public Security, they are still paid and managed by the company. Some critics say the company turns these police into its own security guard and violates the law.[4]

[edit]

The original China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912-1969), as announced in the People's Daily on 22 January 1950.[5][6]

Bureaus and companies[edit]

There are 16 bureau and 5 companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately 2 million people work in China Railway.

Business Bureau or Company Provinces of operation Regions of operation
Passenger Harbin Railway Bureau Northeastern Inner Mongolia(Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang Northeast China
Shenyang Railway Bureau Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia(Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League),
southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei
Beijing Railway Bureau Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong,
northern Henan, eastern Shanxi
North China
Hohhot Railway Bureau Inner Mongolia
Taiyuan Railway Bureau Shanxi
Jinan Railway Bureau Shandong
Shanghai Railway Bureau Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang East China
Nanchang Railway Bureau Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan Southeast China
Guangzhou Railway Group Corp. Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan South China
Nanning Railway Bureau Guangxi, western Guangdong
Wuhan Railway Bureau Hubei, southern Henan Central China
Zhengzhou Railway Bureau Henan, Shanxi
Chengdu Railway Bureau Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei Southwest China
Kunming Railway Bureau Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Group Co., Ltd. Tibet
Qinghai Northwest China
Lanzhou Railway Bureau Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia
Ürümqi Railway Bureau Xinjiang, parts of Gansu
Xi'an Railway Bureau Shaanxi,northeast Sichuan
Freight China Railway Special Cargo Service Co., Ltd.
(CRSCS)
Nationwide
China Railway Express Co., Ltd.
(CRE)
China Railway Container Transport Co., Ltd.
(CRCT)

Second tier subsidiaries[edit]

International operations[edit]

Services to Europe (New Silk Route)[edit]

As of 2017 China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand.[7] The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the New Silk Route.[8] Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.

Africa[edit]

China has been investing in and helping to rebuild railways in Africa. Below is an incomplete list of rail projects.

Name Location Constructed Company Cost Comments & Ref
High Plateau line, Algeria Relizane, Saida, Tiaret, Tissemsilt, Boughezoul to M'Sila, Algeria 2009-2013 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$2.8bn [9]
Benguela Railway Lobito to Luau, Angola 2006-2014 China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$1.83bn Railway was rebuilt following civil war
Chad Railway Ngaoundéré, Cameroon to Nyala, Sudan via Moundou, N’Djamena and Abéché in Chad 2012-ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$5.6bn Construction over three phases
Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to Djibouti City, Djibouti 2011-2016 China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$4bn Electric
Mombasa-Nairobi Railway Mombasa to Nairobi, Kenya (extended to Naivasha, Kenya in 2016 2014-2017 China Communications Construction US$3.6bn [10]
Kenya-Uganda border Naivasha, Kisumu to Malaba, Kenya 2016-ongoing China Road and Bridge Corporation (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$5.42bn [11]
Mali-Guinea Railway Bamako, Mali to Conakry, Guinea 2016-ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$8bn [12]
Mali-Senegal Railway Bamako, Mali to Dakar, Senegal 2016-ongoing China Railway Construction Corporation Limited US$2.7bn [13]
Nigeria Coastal Railway Lagos to Calabar, Nigeria 2014-ongoing China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$11.1bn [14]
Lagos-Kano Railway Lagos to Kano, Nigeria 2011-ongoing, Abuja to Kajuna completed in 2016 China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation US$8.3bn [15]
Sudan Railway Khartoum to Port Sudan, Sudan 2007-2012, 2014 opened China Railway Engineering Corporation US$1.5bn [16][17]
TAZARA Railway Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia 1970-1975 Railway Engineering Corps (now CRCC), Ministry of Railways (now CCECC) US$500m Currently in need of reinvestment
Uganda Railway Malaba, Kampala, Kasese, Uganda to Rwanda and South Sudan 2015-ongoing China Harbour Engineering (subsidiary of China Communications Construction) US$8bn [18][19][20]

List of general managers[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund"
  2. ^ EBIT, including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund" but excluding contribution to "Water Conservancy Construction Fund"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国铁路总公司2015年年度报告" [China Railway Corporation 2015 Annual Report] (in Chinese). archive of Shangjai Clearing House. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "China Railways carry 453 mn passengers Jan-March". Indo Asian News Service. April 8, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  3. ^ "国家铁路局". www.nra.gov.cn. Retrieved 2017-03-09. 
  4. ^ 铁路公安转制公务员 中铁总公司“企业代管”八万警察, 《中国经营报》,2013-08-31
  5. ^ "中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶 60年前的标志还是这么简洁、漂亮!_刘逸设计_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  6. ^ "Rologo 标志共和国 | 专注于Logo的网站_Logo设计_Logo欣赏 » 中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶". Rologo.com. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  7. ^ Tracy McVeigh (14 January 2017). "Silk Road route back in business as China train rolls into London". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Travelling from China to London - BBC News". BBC. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "The Report: Algeria 2010 page 165". Oxford Publishing Group. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  10. ^ "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  11. ^ "Government Signs Commercial Contract for the Nairobi to Malaba SGR Section with CCCC". Kenya Railways. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  12. ^ "Mali signs $11bn agreements with China for new rail projects". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  13. ^ "China to build major new African railway from Mali to the coast". Global Construction Review. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  14. ^ "CCECC sign $11.117 billion Lagos-Calabar Rail Contract line". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  15. ^ "Abuja-Kaduna Rail line". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  16. ^ "Construction of railway from Khartoum to Port Sudan". Aiddata. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  17. ^ "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  18. ^ David Lumu, and Samuel Balagadde (30 August 2014). "Chinese Firm CHEC Given US$8 Billion Railway Deal". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  19. ^ Jin, Haixing (31 March 2015). "China's Xi Finds Eight Good Reasons to Host Uganda's President". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  20. ^ Monitor Reporter, . (30 March 2015). "Museveni Signs Deal With Chinese Company To Construct Kasese Railway Line". Daily Monitor (Kampala). Retrieved 1 April 2015. 

External links[edit]