|China Railway (CR)|
|Formerly||China Railway Corporation (2013–2019)|
|Type||State-owned limited company|
|Predecessor||Ministry of Railways|
|Lu Dongfu (Chairman)|
Yang Yudong (General Manager)
|Revenue||¥916.258 billion RMB[nb 1] (2015)|
|¥53.456 billion RMB[nb 2] (2015)|
|¥(32.355 billion) RMB (2015)|
|Total assets||¥6.245870 trillion RMB (2015)|
|Total equity||¥2.150725 trillion RMB (2015)|
|Owner||Ministry of Finance|
Number of employees
|2 million approx. (2013)|
|Footnotes / references|
|China State Railway Group Co.,Ltd.|
|Literal meaning||China State Railway Group Limited Company|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||State Railway Group|
China State Railway Group Company, Ltd., doing business as China Railway or CR, is a state-owned sole proprietorship enterprise that undertakes railway passenger and cargo transportation services in the People's Republic of China and is a state-owned industrial enterprise established under the "Law of the People's Republic of China on All-Ownership Industrial Enterprises." The Ministry of Finance acts on behalf of the State Council to perform the duties of shareholders. It used to be part of the now defunct Ministry of Railways. China Railway operates passenger and freight transport via 21 subsidiaries.
China Railway previously had its own railway police force, prosecutors office and court system. The police department of the railway is still under the control of the company. The status of the police is civil service of Ministry of Public Security, but they are still paid and managed by the company. 
Under the Chinese Corporate Law, China Railway Corporation was reorganized into China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. on June 18, 2019, instead of Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People. This meant the Ministry of Finance would act as an investor on behalf of the state and the company would be led by a board and managed by board-chosen executives.
The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese: 陈玉昶) (1912–1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that China's railway belongs to the people. The lower part represents the character 工 (labour), means that China's railway belongs to the working class.
There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately two million people work in China Railway.
|Business||Company||Provinces of operation||Regions of operation|
|Passenger||China Railway Harbin Group Company
|Northeastern Inner Mongolia (Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang||Northeast China|
|China Railway Shenyang Group Company
|Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia (Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League), southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei|
|China Railway Beijing Group Company
|Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong, northern Henan, eastern Shanxi||North China|
|China Railway Hohhot Group Company
|China Railway Taiyuan Group Company
|China Railway Jinan Group Company
|China Railway Shanghai Group Company
|Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang|
|China Railway Nanchang Group Company
|Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan|
|China Railway Guangzhou Group Company
|Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan||South China|
|China Railway Nanning Group Company
|Guangxi, western Guangdong|
|China Railway Wuhan Group Company
|Hubei, southern Henan||Central China|
|China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company
|China Railway Chengdu Group Company
|Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei||Southwest China|
|China Railway Kunming Group Company
|Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou|
|China Railway Qingzang Group Company
|China Railway Lanzhou Group Company
|Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia|
|China Railway Ürümqi Group Company
|Xinjiang, parts of Gansu|
|China Railway Xi'an Group Company
|Shaanxi, northeast Sichuan|
|Freight||China Railway Special Cargo Service Company
|China Railway Express Company|
|China Railway Container Transport Company|
Second tier subsidiaries
China Railway operates passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, and Vietnam. Also operates freight (cargo) trains to these countries plus Laos. Currently all international passenger trains are suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia.
Before COVID break outs, there were 11 international passenger train services:
- 95/8, Dandong–Pyongyang
- 401/2, Suifenhe–Grodekovo
- K3/4, Beijing–Ulaanbaatar–Moscow
- K19/20, Beijing–(Manzhouli)–Moscow
- K23/4, Beijing–Ulaanbaatar
- K27/8, Beijing–Pyongyang
- K4651/2/3/4, Hohhot–Ulaanbaatar
- K9795/6, Ürümqi–Almaty
- K9797/8, Ürümqi–Nur-Sultan
- Z5/6–T8701/2, Beijing West–Nanning (transfer station)–Gia Lâm (Hanoi)
Services to Europe (New Silk Route)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)
As of 2017[update] China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand. The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative. Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.
List of directors general
- Including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund"
- EBIT, including revenue from "Railway Construction Fund" but excluding contribution to "Water Conservancy Construction Fund"
- Rail transport in China
- List of locomotives in China
- China Railway High-speed
- Passenger rail transport in China
- High-speed rail in China
- 中国铁路总公司2015年年度报告 [China Railway Corporation 2015 Annual Report] (in Chinese). archive of Shangjai Clearing House. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "国家铁路局". www.nra.gov.cn. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- 铁路公安转制公务员 中铁总公司“企业代管”八万警察 Archived March 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, 《中国经营报》,2013-08-31
- "China renames, restructures railway corporation in reform push". Reuters. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- 樊, 曦 (18 June 2019). "中国国家铁路集团有限公司在京挂牌成立". Xinhuanet (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 18 June 2019.
- "中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶 60年前的标志还是这么简洁、漂亮！_刘逸设计_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Rologo 标志共和国 | 专注于Logo的网站_Logo设计_Logo欣赏 » 中国铁路标志的设计者——陈玉昶". Rologo.com. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Tracy McVeigh (14 January 2017). "Silk Road route back in business as China train rolls into London". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Travelling from China to London - BBC News". BBC. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.[permanent dead link]
- O'Dowd, Emily. "Special report: How five major African rail projects are supported by China". Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Kacungira, Nancy (8 June 2017). "Is Kenya's new railway good value for money?". BBC News. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "The Report: Algeria 2010 page 165". Oxford Publishing Group. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Chinese Funded Railways". CNN. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Government Signs Commercial Contract for the Nairobi to Malaba SGR Section with CCCC". Kenya Railways. Retrieved 18 January 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Mali signs $11bn agreements with China for new rail projects". Railway Technology. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "China to build major new African railway from Mali to the coast". Global Construction Review. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "CCECC sign $11.117 billion Lagos-Calabar Rail Contract line". The Guardian. 2 July 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Abuja-Kaduna Rail line". Railway Technology. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Construction of railway from Khartoum to Port Sudan". Aiddata. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Lumu, David; Balagadde, Samuel (30 August 2014). "Chinese Firm CHEC Given US$8 Billion Railway Deal". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- Jin, Haixing (31 March 2015). "China's Xi Finds Eight Good Reasons to Host Uganda's President". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Museveni Signs Deal With Chinese Company To Construct Kasese Railway Line". Daily Monitor (Kampala). 30 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- (in English) The official ticketing website for China Railway－12306.cn
- (in English) China Railway Corporation official website