China Railways CRH1

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China Railways CRH1 EMU
CRH1 at Guangshen Railway.jpg
CRH1 high-speed train
In serviceFebruary 1, 2007 – Present
ManufacturerBombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd.
(Bombardier Transportation and CSR Sifang)
Family nameRegina
Number builtCRH1A: 128 trainsets (1024 cars)
CRH1A–A: 87 trainsets (696 cars)
CRH1B: 24 trainsets (384 cars)
CRH1E: 15 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH1E–250: 5 trainsets (80 cars)
CRH380D: 85 trainsets (680 cars)
FormationCRH1A/A–A: 8 cars per trainset (5M3T)
CRH1B/E/E–250: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
CRH380D: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CapacityCRH1A: 668 or 611 or 646 or 635
CRH1A–A: 613
CRH1B: 1299
CRH1E/E–250: 618 or 642
CRH380D: 495
Operator(s)China Railway
- CR Guangzhou
- CR Shanghai
- CR Nanchang
- CR Chengdu
Line(s) servedGuangshen Railway,
Hukun Railway, Jinghu Railway, Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway
Specifications
Car body constructionCRH1A/B/E: Stainless Steel
CRH1A–A/E–250/380D: Aluminium Alloy
Train lengthCRH1A: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
CRH1A–A: 207.9 m (682 ft 1 in)
CRH1B: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
CRH1E: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
CRH1E–250: 413.1 m (1,355 ft 4 in)
CRH380D: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
Platform height500–1,250 mm (1 ft 7.7 in–4 ft 1.2 in)
Maximum speedCRH1A: 200 km/h (124 mph) or 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH1A–A/B/E/E–250: 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH380D: 380 km/h (236 mph)
WeightCRH1A/A–A: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons)
CRH1B: 850 t (840 long tons; 940 short tons)
CRH1E/E–250: 890 t (880 long tons; 980 short tons)
CRH380D: 450 t (440 long tons; 500 short tons)
Traction systemIGBT VVVF inverter control
(Bombardier MITRAC 1000)[1][2]
Power outputCRH1A: 5.3 MW (7,100 hp)
CRH1A–A: 5.5 MW (7,400 hp)
CRH1B/E/E–250: 11 MW (15,000 hp)
CRH380D: 10 MW (13,000 hp)
TransmissionAC-DC-AC
AccelerationCRH1A/B/E: Maximum
0.6 m/s2 (2.2 km/(h⋅s))
CRH380D: 0.48 m/s2 (1.7 km/(h⋅s))
DecelerationCRH1A: Emergency 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h⋅s)), General 0.8 m/s2 (2.9 km/(h⋅s))
Power supplyOverhead catenary
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC
Current collection methodPantograph
Braking system(s)Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The CRH1 EMU, also known as Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is a high-speed train operated by China Railway and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2A and the Pendolino-based CRH5A, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered Bombardier-based CRH1, specifically 20 CRH1A trainsets in June 2007 and an additional 20 CRH1A trains, each with 8 cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million.[3] In July 2010, a further 40 CRH1A eight-car trains were ordered.[4]

Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province.[citation needed] Some are also used on the line Shanghai – Nanjing.

Design[edit]

Regina in Sweden. The Regina trains in Sweden are wider than the CRH1 since they are built to make full use of the wider loading gauge used in Sweden.
China railways CRH1A

CRH1A[edit]

CRH1A and CRH1B are based on Bombardier's Regina family.[5] The train was designed by Sifang and Bombardier jointly in Västerås, Sweden and originally named C2008.[3][5]

Each CRH1A set consists of 8 cars, the first batch (CRH1-001A~CRH1-040A) including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 5 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC).the second batch (CRH1-081A~CRH1-120A) including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 1 first class/second class coaches (ZYE), 4 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC). The potential maximum speed of CRH1A is 250 km/h (155 mph), but in fact the maximum speed of the initial 40 sets in operation is always restricted by the software of computer control system, so the maximum speed in service is 220 km/h (137 mph).

The first units (CRH1-001A) were delivered on August 30, 2006,[6] the CRH1A sets started service from February 1, 2007 at the Guangzhou -Shenzhen Railway.

In July 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH1A, The designed top operating speed increased to 250 km/h, On September 2010, during test run at Qinshen PDL, top speed of CRH1-081A reach 278 km/h (173 mph).,[7]

In September 2012, The MOR issued a revision in the Zefiro contract, which calls for the order of an additional 106 eight car Zefiro 250 (46 sets) and Zefiro 250NG (60 sets) train sets in lieu of the cancellation of the 16 car Zefiro 380 sets. The NG variant is a new model, which will use new materials in order to achieve weight reductions and more efficient operation.[8]

CRH1A-A[edit]

CRH1B[edit]

CRH1-043B at Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station 20110101

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1B trains (CRH1-041B~CRH1-060B). CRH1B is a fleet-extended CRH1A. Each CRH1B consists of 16 cars, including 3 first class coaches (ZY), 12 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA). CRH1B, however, have not such restriction on the operational speed, the maximum speed is still 250 km/h (155 mph). CRH1B first come into commercial use on April, 2009, between Shanghai–Nanjing & Shanghai–Hangzhou.

On July 23, 2011, CRH1-046B was hit on ZY104600 car by CRH2-139E in Yongtaiwen PFL accident.

CRH1E[edit]

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1E trains (CRH1-061E~CRH1-080E). The CRH1E is the first high-speed 16-car sleeper train (10M6T) in the world which is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 km/h (155 mph) design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato. Each train set from the first 12 trainsets consists of 1 luxury sleeper (WG), 12 soft sleepers (WR), 2 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA). The first CRH1E trainset delivered at October 2009, first come into service on November 4, 2009 between Beijing–Shanghai. In fact, only 15 CRH1Es were delivered, three of which having the luxury sleeper replaced with normal sleepers. The other 5 ended up being CRH1Bs, this time based on the CRH1E design (instead of CRH1A). Later on five additional CRH1Es (based on the CRH1A-A design) have also been manufactured and delivered.

CRH380D[edit]

The CRH380D is also derived from the Bombardier Zefiro family (Zefiro 380) of very high speed EMUs and are not direct derivatives of the Regina type trains from which the CRH1A and CRH1B classes are derived.[9] Top speed is advertised at 380 km/h (236 mph). The 8-car version is designated CRH380D, series number CRH380D-1501 ~ CRH380D-1585.[8] As of April 4[year needed], the first two sets have been delivered, with the first undergoing testing.[10]

Formation[edit]

Power Destination

  • M – Motor car
  • T – Trailer car
  • C – Driver cabin
  • P – Pantograph

Coach Type

  • ZY – First Class Coach
  • ZE – Second Class Coach
  • ZYE – First Class/Second Class Coach
  • ZEC – Second Class Coach/Dining Car
  • ZYT – First Class/Premier Coach
  • ZET – Second Class/Premier Coach
  • ZYS – First Class/Business Coach
  • ZES – Second Class/Business Coach
  • WR – Soft Sleeper Car
  • WRC – Soft Sleeper / Dining Car
  • WG – Luxury Sleeper Car

CRH1A / CRH1A–A[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type123 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type4 ZY ZE ZEC ZYE ZE ZY
Type56 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type7 (CRH1A–A) ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity1 72 101 101 101 19(+24) 101 101 72
Capacity2 64 92 92 92 23(+24) 92 92 64
Capacity3 72 101 101 101 19(+30) 101 101 72
Capacity4 64 92 92 58(+14) 77 92 92 64
Capacity5 64 92 92 58(+14) 92 92 92 64
Capacity6 64 91 91 58(+14) 91 85 91 64
Capacity7 (CRH1A–A) 48 90 90 77 63 90 90 65
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1001~1021
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1022~1040
  • ^3 Set Nº. 1167, 1168
  • ^4 Set Nº. 1086~1090, 1094~1104, 1106~1109, 1117~1119
  • ^5 Set Nº. 1081~1085, 1091~1093, 1105, 1110~1116, 1120
  • ^6 Set Nº. 1121~1166
  • ^7 Set Nº. 1169~1228, 1234~1260

CRH1B[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 79 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 (56) 92 92 92 92 72 72 64
Capacity2 68 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 (58) 93 93 93 93 79 75 54
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1041~1060
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1076~1080

CRH1E[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type1 ZE WR ZEC WG WR ZE
Type2 ZE WR ZEC WR ZE
Type 3 ZE WR WRC WR ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 (58) 16 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity2 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 (58) 40 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity3 55 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 12 40 40 40 40 40 40 55
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1061~1072
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1073~1075
  • ^3 Set Nº. 1229~1233 (This model is based on the CRH1A-A and sometimes informally called "CRH1E-NG" or "CRH1E-250".)

CRH380D[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 ZYT ZE ZEC ZE ZET
Type2 ZYS ZE ZEC ZE ZES
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity1 32+6 84 84 45+14 84 81 84 50+6
Capacity2 28+5 85 85 75 63 85 85 40+5
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1501~1510
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1511~1585

Distribution[edit]

As of April 2018, 260 CRH1 series EMU and 85 CRH380D series EMU are in service.

Operator Quantity Serial number Depot Lines serving Notes
CRH1A
Guangzhou Railway Group 22 1001~1020、1167、1168 Guangzhou East Guangzhou–Shenzhen RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
31 1086~1090、1094~1104、1106~1109、1117~1119、

1123、1124、1141~1143、1154、1165、1166

Shenzhen North Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 18 1121、1122、1125~1140 Fuzhou Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen Railway
17 1147~1153、1155~1164 Fuzhou South Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen Railway
17 1081~1085、1091~1093、1105、1110~1116、1120 Xiamen North Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen Railway
Chengdu Railway Bureau 23 1021~1040、1144~1146 Chengdu East Chengdu–Dujiangyan Intercity RailwayDazhou–Chengdu RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayChongqing–Lanzhou Railway
CRH1A-A
Guangzhou Railway Group 4 1169、1234~1236 Guangzhou East Guangzhou–Shenzhen RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
9 1170~1176、1217、1218 Shenzhen North Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
16 1177、1179~1181、1183、1184、1209~1216、1248、1250 Sanya Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed RailwayHainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway
34 1178、1182、1219~1228、1237~1247、1249、1251~1260 Foshan Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed RailwayNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed RailwayChongqing–Guiyang high-speed railwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railwayChengdu–Chongqing intercity railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 24 1185~1208 Fuzhou South Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayHefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH1B
Shanghai Railway Bureau 13 1052~1059、1076~1080 Nanxiang Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayBeijing–Shanghai Railway
11 1041~1045、1047~1051、1060 Hangzhou Nanjing–Hangzhou Passenger RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
China Railway 1 1046 Retired Written off after Wenzhou train collision, Cars 1-12 are used as a training train whereas Cars 13-16 were scrapped due to derailment.
CRH1E
Shanghai Railway Bureau 20 1061~1075、1229~1233 Nanxiang Beijing–Shanghai RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayGuangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail LinkNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH380D
Chengdu Railway Bureau 13 1538~1545、1550、1552、1553、1555、1557 Chongqing North Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
23 1546~1549、1554、1556、1558~1560、
1563、1564、1567、1568、1571、1572、1578~1584
Chengdu East Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
3 1537、1551、1559 Guiyang North Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway、Chongqing–Guiyang high-speed railwayShanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau 48 1501~1536、1561、1562、1565、
1566、1569、1570、1573~1577、1585
Shanghai Nanxiang Nanjing–Hangzhou Passenger RailwayShanghai–Nanjing Intercity RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Briginshaw, David (15 July 2015). "Latest Chinese high-speed train enters service". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Transportation documents" (PDF). www.bombardier.com.
  3. ^ a b "Sleeper EMU to be developed under co-operation deal". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  4. ^ "China orders another 40 CRH1 high-speed trains - International Railway Journal". 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010-07-22. an additional 40 CRH 1 eight-car
  5. ^ a b "High speed trainsets take shape". Railway Gazette International. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
  6. ^ 2006年8月30日 BSP 第一列EMU 动车组出厂 Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Successful completion of the type test for BST's first 250km/h 8-consist EMU". BST. 2010-11-10. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07.
  8. ^ a b Ltd, DVV Media International. "Zefiro 250NG included in revised high speed train contract".
  9. ^ The New High Speed Superpower www.eurotrib.com
  10. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.

External links[edit]