China Resources

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China Resources Holdings Co., Ltd
State-owned enterprise
Founded1938; 82 years ago (1938)
HeadquartersChina Resources Headquarters
Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Area served
Mainland China
Hong Kong
Key people
Chairman: Dr. Fu Yuning
Revenue$91 billion (2019)[1]
ParentState-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission
SubsidiariesChina Resources Vanguard
China Resources Enterprise
China Resources Cement
China Resources Land
China Resources Power
Ng Fung Hong
WebsiteChina Resources
China Resources
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

China Resources Holdings Company Limited (Chinese: ), or simply China Resources, is a Chinese state-owned conglomerate that owns a variety of businesses in Hong Kong and Mainland China. Some of its subsidiaries use the name in the form of the acronym CRC.


The company started as Liow & Company (Chinese: 聯和公司) in Hong Kong in 1938. Its original purpose was to raise funds and purchase supplies and equipment for the People's Liberation Army, then engaged in the Chinese Civil War.[1] It was renamed as China Resources Corporation (Chinese: 華潤公司) in 1948. In 1983, the company was incorporated as China Resources (Holdings) Company Limited (Chinese: 華潤(集團)有限公司).


The company's main business focus is the export of mainland Chinese products (including energy) to Hong Kong. Its retail operations are organised under the China Resources Retail group, and include Chinese Arts & Crafts; it also runs a number of supermarkets in Hong Kong, originally under the CRC name, but now rebranded as Vanguard. It also owns Ng Fung Hong, the monopoly meat importer into Hong Kong.

China Resources Cement is the largest NSP clinker and cement producer in Southern China by production capacity and the second largest concrete producer in China by sales volume.[2][3] It was established in 2003 and incorporated in Cayman Islands.


According to Fortune Magazine, China Resources was ranked 80th on the 2019 Fortune Global 500 list, improved 63 places since 2014.


In 2013 the firm and its chairman at the time, Song Lin, who also holds high government rank, was reported to be under investigation regarding the purchase of coal mines in Shanxi province for 9.9 billion RMB, that did not produce any coal for several years after the acquisition. There are substantial reserves of coal in the mines, but exploiting them requires substantial investments. Meanwhile, coal from newly opened strip mines in Mongolia had depressed the market. The deal raised questions about the leverage that large, state-owned firms had to borrow money at low interest for projects of dubious profitability and about where the money went and why.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Keith Bradsher; Chris Buckley (August 7, 2013). "Mine Deal Puts New Scrutiny on China's State Industries". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  2. ^ China Resources Cement Holdings Limited
  3. ^ China Resources Cement Holdings Limited

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