Chindōgu (珍道具) is the practice of invention of ingenious everyday gadgets that seem to be ideal solutions to particular problems, but which may cause more problems than they solve. The term is of Japanese origin.
Literally translated, chindōgu means unusual (珍, chin) tool (道具, dōgu). The term was coined by Kenji Kawakami, a former editor and contributor to the Japanese home-shopping magazine "Mail Order Life." In the magazine, Kawakami used his spare pages to showcase several bizarre prototypes for products. He named these gadgets “chindōgu”; Kawakami himself said that a more appropriate translation than "unusual tool" is "weird tool". This special category of inventions subsequently became familiar to the Japanese people.
Dan Papia then introduced it to the English-speaking world and popularized it as a monthly feature in his magazine, Tokyo Journal, encouraging readers to send in ideas. In 1995, Kawakami and Papia collaborated on the English language book 101 Unuseless Japanese Inventions: The Art of Chindōgu. Most classic chindogu products are collected in the book. Many examples display a sense of humor in the way they are used. Examples from the books include:
- A combined household duster and cocktail-shaker, for the housewife who wants to reward herself as she is going along.
- The all-day tissue dispenser, which is a toilet roll fixed on top of a hat, for hay fever sufferers.
- The all-over plastic bathing suit, to enable people who suffer from aquaphobia to swim without coming into contact with water.
- The baby mop, an outfit worn by babies, so that as they crawl around, the floor is cleaned.
- The selfie stick. While dismissed as a "useless invention" at the time, it later gained global popularity in the 21st century.
The International Chindogu Society
Kawakami founeded the International Chindogu Society to popularize Chindogu worldwide. Papia is the president of the society's U.S. chapter. People who invent a Chindogu can write about their creation on the society's website.
The Ten Tenets of Chindōgu
The Chindōgu Society developed ten tenets of Chindōgu explaining the principles (spirits) on which chindogu products should be based, inspiring designers and users to think about the deep core of design in general. The tenets require that a Chindōgu
- cannot be for real use,
- must exist,
- must have a spirit of anarchy,
- is a tool for everyday life,
- is not a tradeable commodity,
- must have resulted only from an exercise of humor,
- is not propaganda,
- is not taboo,
- cannot be patented, and
- is without prejudice.
In the media
Chindōgu and Kawakami were featured regularly on a children's television show produced by the BBC called It'll Never Work?, a show in a similar vein as the BBC's Tomorrow's World; however, It'll Never Work usually focused more on wacky, humorous gadgets than on serious scientific and technological advances.
- Heath Robinson
- Jacques Carelman
- Jugaad, an Indian concept similar to "kludge"
- Kludge, a clever but inelegant solution to a problem
- List of Japanese inventions
- Rube Goldberg
- Simone Giertz
- 99 More Unuseless Japanese Inventions: The Art of Chindogu. W. W. Norton & Company. January 1998. ISBN 978-0-393-31743-5.
- Szpirglas, Jeff (2005). "
AmazingAmusing Inventions". They Did WHAT?!: Your Guide to Weird and Wacky Things People Do. Dave Whamond. Hong Kong: Maple Tree Press. p. 60. ISBN 1-897066-23-6.
- Alex Scola. "Turns Out Japan Invented The 'Selfie-Stick' 20 Years Ago". Distractify. Archived from the original on 2015-01-09.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Pictures of the day: 3 June 2009". www.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- Huget, Jennifer (2002-01-24). "Can You Chindogu?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- "• The Ten Tenets of Chindogu | Chindogu". Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- Fearing Crime, Japanese Wear the Hiding Place, Martin Fackler. The New York Times, October 20, 2007.
- The Big Bento Box of Unuseless Japanese Inventions, Kenji Kawakami, trans. Dan Papia, ed. Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. Norton: New York, 2005.
- The Art of Chindogu in a World Gone Mad, David McNeill. August 3, 2005.
- Analysing Chindogu: Applying Defamiliarisation to Security Design, Shamal Faily. May 5, 2012.
- Chindōgu Society Official Homepage (in Japanese)
- Interview with Kenji Kawakami
- CHINDOGU: THE UNUSELESS INVENTIONS CHINDOGU: THE UNUSELESS INVENTIONS OF KENJI KAWAKAMI
- chindogu-art-un-useless-inventions Chindogu: The Art of Un-useless Inventions