Chinese Basketball Association

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For the national basketball association of China, see Chinese Basketball Association (organisation). For the former American professional men's basketball minor league, see Continental Basketball Association. For other uses, see CBA.
Chinese Basketball Association (CBA)
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2015–16 CBA season
CBA new logo sm.jpg
Sport Basketball
Founded 1995
Inaugural season 1995–96
No. of teams 20
Country  China
Continent FIBA Asia (Asia)
Most recent
champion(s)
Sichuan Blue Whales
(1st title)
Most titles Bayi Rockets
Guangdong Southern Tigers
(8 titles each)
Level on pyramid 1
Official website CBA
Chinese Basketball Association
Traditional Chinese 中國男子籃球職業聯賽
Simplified Chinese 中国男子篮球职业联赛

The Chinese Basketball Association (simplified Chinese: 中国男子篮球职业联赛; traditional Chinese: 中國男子籃球職業聯賽; pinyin: Zhōngguó Nánzǐ Lánqiú Zhíyè Liánsài), often abbreviated as CBA, is regarded by a number of pundits and fans as the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in Asia.

The league is commonly known by fans as the CBA, and this acronym is even used in Chinese on a regular basis. There is also a Women's Chinese Basketball Association (WCBA). The CBA should not be confused with the National Basketball League (China) (NBL), which is a professional "Division 2" minor league.

A few Chinese players who competed in the CBA in the early stages of their careers — including Wang Zhizhi, Mengke Bateer, Yao Ming, Yi Jianlian, Sun Yue, Zhou Qi, and Wang Zhelin — have also played in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Conversely, a limited number of foreign players are allowed on each CBA team.

Notable imports include former NBA All-Stars Gilbert Arenas, Steve Francis, Al Harrington, Stephon Marbury, Tracy McGrady, and Metta World Peace — as well as several NBA players who went on to become CBA All-Stars — Michael Beasley, Aaron Brooks, Lester Hudson, Kenyon Martin, Shavlik Randolph, and J.R. Smith.

In addition, Congolese Emmanuel Mudiay was selected in the first round of the 2015 NBA Draft, which made him the first non-Chinese player to be drafted into the NBA directly from the CBA. The Chinese Basketball Association does not hold its own draft, as teams bring up most domestic players through their own youth academies.

Background[edit]

The CBA began play in the 1995–96 season. This league should not be confused with the National Basketball Association, which was founded in June 1956[1] and represents the country in matters involving the sport's governing body, FIBA. Today, the regulating body for basketball in China is the Chinese Basketball Management Center (simplified Chinese: 国家体育总局篮球管理中心; traditional Chinese: 國家體育總局籃球管理中心; pinyin: Guójiā Tǐyù Zǒngjú Lánqiú Guǎnlǐ Zhōngxīn).

Other Chinese basketball leagues include the National Basketball League (NBL), the Chinese University Basketball Association (CUBA), and the Chinese High School Basketball League (CHBL).[2] At one time there was a league called the Chinese New Basketball Alliance (CNBA),[3] one of whose most prominent teams was the Beijing Sea Lions, but this venture lasted for just one winter (1996–97).[4]

The first non-Chinese player to compete in the CBA was Mihail Savinkov of Uzbekistan, who joined the Zhejiang Squirrels in the league's inaugural 1995–96 campaign.[5] During the 1996–97 season, James Hodges became one of the first Americans to play in the CBA, and his signing by the Liaoning Hunters helped pave the way for many more imports from the United States to follow in the ensuing years.

Some other notable foreign pioneers included John Spencer, who joined the Jiangsu Dragons later in the 1996–97 campaign, and David Vanterpool, who inked a deal with the Jilin Northeast Tigers the following winter, and helped the team move up to the CBA in time for the 1998–99 season. The CBA's first international coach was American Robert Hoggard, who led the Sichuan Pandas for the last eight games of the 1997–98 campaign.[6]

Team names[edit]

For a full list of teams, see Category:Chinese Basketball Association teams.

The full name of each team usually consists of three parts, in the following order:

  1. A geographic designation (except in the case of Bayi, which technically translates into English as "August First," the day China's People's Liberation Army was founded). All others are province-level designations (either a province or a Chinese municipality).
  2. A corporate sponsor name. This sponsor may change from year to year, and sometimes even in mid-season.
  3. A nickname, such as the name of an animal. This rarely changes.

The presence of corporate sponsor names can occasionally lead to confusion about what name to use in English because many variants may be seen. Team names are usually abbreviated (in Chinese or English), so that either the corporate sponsor name or the nickname is used interchangeably (rarely both). In addition, team nicknames can sometimes be translated into English in more than one way, and corporate sponsors tend to change frequently over time.

Nickname changes are rare, but occasionally happen, such as when the Shandong team switched from Flaming Bulls (1995) to Lions (2003) to Gold Lions (2004) to Golden Stars (2014). Other examples include the Liaoning team dumping Hunters (1995) for Dinosaurs (2008) and then Flying Leopards (2011) -- as well as the Foshan team's evolving attempts to "Anglicize" its nickname—by going from Kylins (2001) to Dralions (2010) to Long-Lions (2014).

In previous years, the title of the league itself was available for corporate naming sponsorship. In 1999–2000 and 2000–2001 it was known as the Hilton League, in 2001–2002 and 2002–2003 it was the Motorola League, and in 2003–2004 it was sponsored by China Unicom. These corporate league titles were not always used in the news media, however, and this sponsorship practice was discontinued at the start of the 2004–2005 season.[7]

Current clubs[edit]

While teams are listed by division here, the CBA does not use these designations for regular season scheduling anymore, as each squad now plays each other once at home and once on the road. Divisions are used for the league's annual All-Star Game, however, and are shown here for the sake of convenience.

Timeline[edit]

This is a chronological listing of current and former CBA teams according to the season that they entered the league.

Jiangsu Monkey King Beikong Fly Dragons Sichuan Blue Whales Tianjin Ronggang Qingdao DoubleStar Zhejiang Lions Shenzhen Leopards Yunnan Bulls Shanxi Zhongyu Fujian Sturgeons Xinjiang Flying Tigers Hong Kong Flying Dragons Pure-Youth Construction Basketball Team Shenzhen Yikang Foshan Dralions Jilin Northeast Tigers Beijing Olympians Shanghai Sharks Zhejiang Golden Bulls Shandong Golden Stars Liaoning Flying Leopards Jiangsu Dragons Guangdong Southern Tigers Beijing Ducks Bayi Rockets

Current Teams Defunct Teams

CBA Championship Series[edit]

In 2005, the league unveiled the Mou Zuoyun Cup (simplified Chinese: 牟作云杯; traditional Chinese: 牟作雲杯; pinyin: Móu Zuòyún Bēi), which was awarded for the first time to the winning team in the CBA Finals. Mou Zuoyun (born 1913) was a member of the Chinese men's national basketball team which competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics, and he later served as a coach and a pioneer in building Chinese basketball.[8]

Season Champions Result Runners-up Finals MVP Notes
1995–96 Bayi Rockets 2 – 0 Guangdong Southern Tigers Best-of-Three series used for 2 seasons
1996–97 Bayi Rockets 2 – 0 Liaoning Hunters
1997–98 Bayi Rockets 3 – 0 Liaoning Hunters Best-of-Five series used for 8 seasons
1998–99 Bayi Rockets 3 – 0 Liaoning Hunters
1999–00 Bayi Rockets 3 – 0 Shanghai Sharks Wang Zhizhi (Bayi)
2000–01 Bayi Rockets 3 – 1 Shanghai Sharks Liu Yudong (Bayi)
2001–02 Shanghai Sharks 3 – 1 Bayi Rockets Yao Ming (Shanghai)
2002–03 Bayi Rockets 3 – 1 Guangdong Southern Tigers Liu Yudong (Bayi)
2003–04 Guangdong Southern Tigers 3 – 1 Bayi Rockets Du Feng (Guangdong)
2004–05 Guangdong Southern Tigers 3 – 2 Jiangsu Dragons Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)
2005–06 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 1 Bayi Rockets Yi Jianlian (Guangdong) Best-of-Seven series used since 2005–06
2006–07 Bayi Rockets 4 – 1 Guangdong Southern Tigers Wang Zhizhi (Bayi)
2007–08 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 1 Liaoning Hunters Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)
2008–09 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 1 Xinjiang Flying Tigers Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)
2009–10 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 1 Xinjiang Flying Tigers Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)
2010–11 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 2 Xinjiang Flying Tigers Wang Shipeng (Guangdong)
2011–12 Beijing Ducks 4 – 1 Guangdong Southern Tigers Lee Hsueh-lin (Beijing)
2012–13 Guangdong Southern Tigers 4 – 0 Shandong Gold Lions Yi Jianlian (Guangdong)
2013–14 Beijing Ducks 4 – 2 Xinjiang Flying Tigers Randolph Morris (Beijing)
2014–15 Beijing Ducks 4 – 2 Liaoning Flying Leopards Stephon Marbury (Beijing)
2015–16 Sichuan Blue Whales 4 – 1 Liaoning Flying Leopards Hamed Haddadi (Sichuan)

CBA Finals appearances[edit]

This is a list of teams which have advanced to the CBA Finals and the overall win-loss records they have compiled in the Championship Series.

Num. Team W L Pct. Notes
12 Guangdong Southern Tigers 8 4 .667 Made every Finals from 2002–03 to 2012–13
11 Bayi Rockets 8 3 .727 Made every Finals from 1995–96 to 2003–04
3 Beijing Ducks 3 0 1.000
3 Shanghai Sharks 1 2 .333
1 Sichuan Blue Whales 1 0 1.000
6 Liaoning Flying Leopards 0 6 .000
4 Xinjiang Flying Tigers 0 4 .000
1 Jiangsu Dragons 0 1 .000
1 Shandong Golden Stars 0 1 .000

Regular season awards[edit]

This is a list of award winners. Since the 2012–13 season, the CBA has honored two Most Valuable Players, one Domestic and one International.

Season Most Valuable Player Rookie of the Year Coach of the Year
1995–96 Hu Weidong (Jiangsu) Wang Fei (Bayi) • Wang Lifa (Guangdong)
1996–97 Hu Weidong (Jiangsu)
1997–98 Gong Xiaobin (Shandong) Wang Fei (Bayi) • Ye Peng (Shandong)
1998–99 Sun Jun (Jilin)
1999–00 Wang Zhizhi (Bayi)
2000–01 Yao Ming (Shanghai)
2001–02 Liu Yudong (Bayi)
2002–03 Sun Jun (Jilin)
2003–04 Tang Zhengdong (Jiangsu)
2004–05 Tang Zhengdong (Jiangsu)
2005–06 VACATED *
2006–07 Tang Zhengdong (Jiangsu)
2007–08 Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong)
2008–09 Mengke Bateer (Xinjiang)
2009–10 Mengke Bateer (Xinjiang)
2010–11 Mengke Bateer (Xinjiang)
2011–12 Zhu Fangyu (Guangdong) Zhu Yanxi (Beijing) Min Lulei (Beijing) • Yang Xuezeng (Shanxi)
2012–13 Domestic: Yi Jianlian (Guangdong) • International: Stephon Marbury (Beijing)
2013–14 Domestic: Yi Jianlian (Guangdong) • International: Lester Hudson (Xinjiang)
2014–15 Domestic: Yi Jianlian (Guangdong) • International: Lester Hudson (Liaoning)
2015–16 Domestic: Yi Jianlian (Guangdong) • International: Michael Beasley (Shandong)

* Mengke Bateer (Beijing) was originally chosen as the 2005–06 CBA Regular Season MVP, but was later stripped of the honor as a disciplinary punishment.[9]

Records, Individual[edit]

This is a list of individual records separated into three categories — single game, single season, and career.

Some of these records may be outdated due to the difficulty of obtaining complete statistics from the CBA.

Single Game[edit]

Record Num. Player Team Game Date
Points
82
Errick McCollum
Zhejiang Golden Bulls
Zhejiang Golden Bulls 119–129 Guangdong Southern Tigers
2015 January 30
75
Quincy Douby
Zhejiang Golden Bulls
Zhejiang Golden Bulls 154–129 Shanxi Brave Dragons
2013 January 2
74
Bobby Brown
Dongguan Leopards
Dongguan Leopards 137–135 (2OT) Sichuan Blue Whales
2013 December 27
72
Jordan Crawford
Tianjin Gold Lions
Tianjin Gold Lions 104–113 Sichuan Blue Whales
2016 January 8
71
Andre Emmett
Shandong Gold Lions
Jiangsu Dragons 113–129 Shandong Gold Lions
2010 March 7
Rebounds
38
Garth Joseph
Shaanxi Kylins
Shaanxi Kylins 139–88 Shenzhen Yikang
2002 March 20
Assists
28
Li Qun
Guangdong Southern Tigers
Guangdong Southern Tigers 110–101 Nanjing Army
2000 February 2
Steals
13
Ju Weisong
Shandong Flaming Bulls
Shandong Flaming Bulls 84–70 Vanguard / Police
1995-96 Season
Zhang Yongjun
Guangdong Southern Tigers
Bayi Rockets 109–81 Guangdong Southern Tigers
1996-97 Season
Hu Xuefeng
Jiangsu Dragons
Jiangsu Dragons 135–108 Jilin Northeast Tigers
2004 December 1
Blocks
13
Yao Ming
Shanghai Sharks
Jilin Northeast Tigers 126–118 Shanghai Sharks
2000-01 Season
Herve Lamizana
Tianjin Gold Lions
Tianjin Gold Lions 113–108 Fujian Sturgeons
2010 February 10
Sean Williams
Fujian Sturgeons
Fujian Sturgeons 101–94 Jilin Northeast Tigers
2010 February 26
Minutes Played
67
Samad Nikkhah Bahrami
Fujian Sturgeons
Fujian Sturgeons 178–177 Zhejiang Golden Bulls
2014 February 9
3-Pointers Made
15
Leon Rodgers
Jilin Northeast Tigers
Jilin Northeast Tigers 124–110 Shanxi Brave Dragons
2009 March 11
Dunks Made
10
James Hodges
Liaoning Hunters
Liaoning Hunters 95–85 Shandong Flaming Bulls
1998-99 Season
Free Throws Made
25
Errick McCollum
Zhejiang Golden Bulls
Zhejiang Golden Bulls 119–129 Guangdong Southern Tigers
2015 January 30
Personal Fouls
6
Multiple Record Holders
Multiple Teams
Multiple Games
Multiple Seasons

Single Season[edit]

Record Num. Player Team Season
Points
1,266
Anthony Myles
Dongguan Leopards
2005–06
Rebounds
727
Olumide Oyedeji
Beijing Ducks
2004–05
Assists
325
Hu Xuefeng
Jiangsu Dragons
2004–05
Steals
246
Hu Xuefeng
Jiangsu Dragons
2004–05
Blocks
126
Yao Ming
Shanghai Sharks
1999–00
Minutes Played
TBA
3-Pointers Made
189
Yu Junkai
Yunnan Bulls
2004–05
Dunks Made
140
Lorenzo Coleman
Xinjiang Flying Tigers
2005–06
Free Throws Made
TBA
Personal Fouls
TBA

Career[edit]

Some statistics updated to the end of the 2010-11 season. Others to the end of the 2014-15 season.
Record Num. Player
Points
10,858
Zhu Fangyu
9,324
Wang Zhizhi
8,411
Liu Wei
8,387
Liu Yudong
Rebounds
4,548
Mengke Bateer
Assists
1,807
Hu Xuefeng
Steals
1,313
Hu Xuefeng
Blocks
736
Wang Zhizhi
Minutes Played
TBA
3-Pointers Made
1,095
Li Nan
Dunks Made
498
Jason Dixon
Free Throws Made
TBA
Personal Fouls
TBA

Records, Team[edit]

This is a list of team records separated into three categories — single game, single season, and across seasons.

Single Game[edit]

  • Longest game
  • Most points in a game
  • 178 by Fujian Sturgeons (vs. 177 by Zhejiang Golden Bulls on 2014 February 09 in 5 overtimes).
  • Most combined points in a game
  • 355 - Fujian Sturgeons (178) vs. Zhejiang Golden Bulls (177) on 2014 February 09 in 5 overtimes.

Single Season[edit]

  • Most Victories (Regular Season Only)
  • Most Consecutive Victories (Regular Season Only)
  • Best Winning Percentage (Regular Season Only)

Across Seasons[edit]

  • Most Consecutive Victories (Regular Season Only)
(Note: Bayi also won 4 playoff games in 1995–96, and had joined the CBA on a 14-game streak, so the team's overall spree reached 48 games)[10]

Chinese Stars[edit]

Listed below are some of the most accomplished Chinese players who have competed in the CBA.

Domestic players from the CBA who are renowned for crossing over to the NBA[edit]

Domestic players from the CBA who are known for league or international exploits[edit]

Scroll down to view more names.

Foreign Imports[edit]

Listed below are some of the most accomplished foreign players who have competed in the CBA.

Non-Chinese players who spent more than one season in the CBA[edit]

Scroll down to view more names

High-profile foreigners who spent just one season in the CBA[edit]

Scroll down to view more names.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]