Chinese Caribbeans

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Chinese Caribbean
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Regions with significant populations
 Cuba 114,240
 Dominican Republic 50,000
 Jamaica 30,000
 Haiti 9,000
 Suriname 7,885
 Trinidad and Tobago 6,003
 Guyana 2,722
 Belize 719
 Cayman Islands 698

Colonial Languages:
English (Guyanese · Jamaican · Trinidadian· Spanish · French · Dutch · Portuguese
Chinese Varieties:

Mandarin · Hakka · Cantonese · Hokkien
Roman Catholicism · Protestantism · Buddhism · Chinese folk religion (including Taoism and Confucianism)
Related ethnic groups
Overseas Chinese

Chinese Caribbeans (sometimes Sino-Caribbean) are people of Chinese ethnic origin living in the Caribbean. There are small but significant populations of Chinese and their descendants in all countries of the Greater Antilles. They are all part of the large Chinese diaspora known as Overseas Chinese.


Caribbean Islands:

Mainland Caribbean:

Migration history[edit]

Between 1853 and 1879, 14,000 Chinese laborers were imported to the British Caribbean as part of a larger system of contract labor bound for the sugar plantations. Imported as a contract labor force from China, Chinese settled in three main locations: Jamaica, Trinidad, and British Guiana (now Guyana), initially working on the sugar plantations. Most of the Chinese laborers initially went to British Guiana; however when importation ended in 1879, the population declined steadily, mostly due to emigration to Trinidad and Suriname.[1]

Chinese immigration to Cuba started in 1847 when Cantonese contract workers were brought to work in the sugar fields, bringing the religion of Buddhism with them. Hundreds of thousands of Chinese workers were brought in from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan during the following decades to replace and / or work alongside African slaves. After completing 8-year contracts or otherwise obtaining their freedom, some Chinese immigrants settled permanently in Cuba, although most longed for repatriation to their homeland. When the United States enacted the Chinese Exclusion Act on May 6, 1882, many Chinese in the United States fled to Puerto Rico, Cuba and other Latin American nations. They established small niches and worked in restaurants and laundries.[2]

See also[edit]