Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center
|Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center at Blumentreet, Manila|
Facade of the Hospital
|Location||286 Blumentritt St., Sta. Cruz, Manila, Metro Manila, Philippines|
|Hospital type||Private, Charity, teaching|
|Affiliated university||Chinese General Hospital Colleges|
|Beds||600 private patient beds|
|Lists||Hospitals in Philippines|
Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center (CGHMC), one of the oldest hospitals in the Philippines, founded during the Spanish occupation in the country from charitable donations of Chinese immigrants. One reason for the hospital's continuous growth and success is backed by the Philippine Chinese Charitable Association or PCCA, founded in 1878 when the Chinese community was established in Manila, Philippines.
Capitan Carlos Palanca Tanchueco, with wealthy Chinese businessmen Chan Guan and Mariano Velasco did a fund-raising in 1891 for the construction of a medical clinic where treatment was free of charge. Through funds coming from Chinese stores and special fees from Chinese people who arrived from China, the medical clinic expanded into a hospital. In 1893, it was named "Hospital de Chinos".
During the American colonization in 1898, Capitan Tanchueco became the first Chinese Acting Consul. Hospital de Chinos became inadequate for the swelling number of Chinese residents in Manila, Philippines. A fund raising campaign was done to construct the first Chinese General Hospital (CGH) with updated facilities in 1917. One of the most popular doctors during his time, Dr. Manuel Tee Han Kee became the first medical director and the new hospital was inaugurated in 1921. He also served as consultant for the Philippine Health Service because of his expertise in bubonic plague. Also in the same year when the Chinese General Hospital School of Nursing was also founded.
The hospital's operation was affected during World War II. Directors and those with higher positions in the hospital became political prisoners of war, followed by mass evacuation. To keep the hospital functioning, the Principal, Chief Nurse, some graduate and some student nurses, two junior resident physicians, and some male helpers became the skeleton staff. In 1945, more than five hundred victims of shrapnel and bullets were admitted to the Chinese General Hospital, even occupying all available spaces in the corridors.
Dr. Antonio Nubia was installed as director with Dr. Manuel Chua-Chiaco Sr. as assistant director after World War II. The hospital was immediately reconstructed in 1946 through the help of Chinese communities. In 1948, the Charity Pavilion was constructed across the main building.
The hospital was refurbished in 1950 with up-to-date facilities. The hospital also catered training and teaching, as approved by Dr. Pedro Mayuga, former Director of the Philippine Bureau of Medical Services of the Department of Health (Philippines). Drs. Luis Guerrero, Antonio G. Sison, Jose Albert, Florencio Quintos, Rosendo R. Llamas, and Fortunato Guerrero were the consultants of the hospital.
More improvements happened from the 1950s onward. Guillermo A. CuUnjieng Sr. Chest Pavilion was inaugurated 1953 by her Daughter Sr. Esperanza Ma. A. CuUnjieng and prominent philanthropists. In 1957, Cheng Tsai Jun Memorial 100-bed Charity Wards were established. Two years later, Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center had another facelift. A bigger Emergency Building with three stories was constructed in 1971. The School of Nursing Building with six stories was completed in 1975. And in 1983, a six-storey annex to the Main Building was built.
Dr. Kasian Lim was appointed new director and Mr. James G. Dy as president of the Philippine Chinese Charitable Association in 1990s. Every department was expanded and computerization and updating of medical equipment and appliances happened. In 1996, the Heart Institute was built with renowned cardiologist Dr. Dy Bun Yok as Director and Dr. Manual Chua-Chiaco, Jr. as the Chief in Cardiovascular Surgery.
The present director CGHMC is Dr. James Dy. In 2014, the hospital renewed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP) assuring its personnel of free medical care at the CGHMC in the event they get injured while performing their duty. The Philippine National Police (PNP) and the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) also have the same MOAs with the hospital.
Other Chinese hospitals and health care serving local Chinese communities:
- San Francisco Chinese Hospital
- Montreal Chinese Hospital
- Yee Hong Centre for Geriatric Care - Greater Toronto Area
- Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center, philippinecompanies.com. Retrieved July 2011
- "History". Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Fabonan III, Epi (24 Nov 2014). "Chinese General Hospital's Dr. James Dy: Fulfilling a vow of service". The Philippine Star.