|Country of origin||Asia|
Unlike the majority of domestic goose breeds, it belongs to the knob geese, which are derived from Anser cygnoides and are characterized by a prominent basal knob on the upper side of the bill. The breed originated in China, where there are more than twenty different breeds of knob goose.: 4
It was seen in Britain since at least the early eighteenth century, : 371 and was present in the United States in the latter part of that century – George Washington is believed to have kept some on his plantation at Mount Vernon.: 203
In the twenty-first century it is an endangered breed: it is reported to DAD-IS by seven countries – Australia, Lithuania, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Slovenia, Suriname and the UK – but none of them report population data. Population data was last reported by the United Kingdom in 2002, when there were between 150 and 1000 birds. The Livestock Conservancy in the United States lists it as watch, its third level of concern.
It appears in two varieties: the grey or brown (with coloring similar to that of the wild Anser cygnoides), and white.: 371 The bill and the knob are black in the grey-brown variety, and orange in the white; the shanks and feet are always orange.: 361 In birds bred for showing the neck is long and slender.: 203
The breed is the most prolific egg producer among the domestic geese, usually laying some 50–60 eggs in a season of about five months, but sometimes reaching 100 eggs during that time.: 371 : 5 The eggs weigh about 120 g, rather less than those of other geese.: 5 Flocks of the geese may be used to guard property or to keep down weeds.: 371 : 203 : 473
- Barbara Rischkowsky, Dafydd Pilling (editors) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Archived 23 June 2020.
- Transboundary breed: Chinese. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2022.
- Chinese Goose. Pittsboro, North Carolina: The Livestock Conservancy. Accessed May 2022.
- Victoria Roberts (2008). British Poultry Standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognised by the Poultry Club of Great Britain, sixth edition. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 9781405156424.
- APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Archived 4 November 2017.
- Liste des races et variétés homologuée dans les pays EE (28.04.2013). Entente Européenne d’Aviculture et de Cuniculture. Archived 16 June 2013.
- Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Archived 12 June 2018.
- Geese: Light. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Archived 27 October 2018.
- Roger Buckland, Gérard Guy (editors) (2002). Goose Production. FAO Animal Production and Health Papers 154. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9251048622
- J. Ian H. Allonby, Philippe B. Wilson (editors) (2018). British Poultry Standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognised by the Poultry Club of Great Britain, seventh edition. Chichester; Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 9781119509141.
- Carol Ekarius (2007). Storey's Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds. North Adams, Massachusetts: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781580176675.
- Breed data sheet: Chinese / United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Goose (domestic)). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2022.
- Janet Vorwald Dohner (2001). The Encyclopedia of Historic and Endangered Livestock and Poultry Breeds. New Haven, Connecticut; London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300088809.