Chinese mountain cat
|Chinese mountain cat|
|Distribution of the Chinese mountain cat (in green)|
The Chinese mountain cat (Felis bieti), also known as the Chinese desert cat and the Chinese steppe cat, is a wild cat of western China that has been classified as Vulnerable by IUCN since 2002, as the effective population size may be fewer than 10,000 mature breeding individuals.
The Chinese mountain cat has sand-coloured fur with dark guard hairs. Faint dark horizontal stripes on the face and legs are hardly visible. Its ears have black tips. It has a relatively broad skull, and long hair growing between the pads of their feet. It is whitish on the belly, and its legs and tail bear black rings. The tip of the tail is black. It is 69–84 cm (27–33 in) long in head and body with a 29–41 cm (11–16 in) long tail. Adults weigh from 6.5 to 9 kilograms (14 to 20 lb).
Distribution and habitat
Chinese mountain cats occur in high-elevation steppe grassland, alpine meadow, alpine shrubland and coniferous forest edges between 2,500 and 5,000 m (8,200 and 16,400 ft) elevation. They have not been confirmed in true desert or heavily forested mountains.
The first photographs of a wild Chinese mountain cat were taken by camera traps during light snow in May 2007 at 3,570 m (11,710 ft) altitude in Sichuan. These photographs were taken in rolling grasslands and brush-covered mountains. One individual was observed and photographed in May 2015 in the Ruoergai grasslands.
Ecology and behaviour
Until 2007, this cat was known only from six animals, all living in Chinese zoos, and a few skins in museums.
Chinese mountain cats are threatened due to the organised poisoning of pikas. The poisons used either kill them unintentionally, or diminish their main prey.
- Sanderson, J., Mallon, D. P., Driscoll, C. (2010). "Felis bieti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 534. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Driscoll, C. A., Menotti-Raymond, M., Roca, A. L. Hupe, K., Johnson, W. E., Geffen, E., Harley, E. H., Delibes, M., Pontier, D., Kitchener, A. C., Yamaguchi, N., O’Brien, S. J., Macdonald, D. W. (2007). "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication" (PDF). Science 317 (5837): 519–523. doi:10.1126/science.1139518. PMID 17600185.
- Sunquist, M.; Sunquist, F. (2002). Wild cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 57–59. ISBN 0-226-77999-8.
- He, L., Garcia-Perea, R., Li M., Wei, F. (2004). Distribution and conservation status of the endemic Chinese mountain cat Felis bieti'. Oryx 38: 55–61.
- Liao Y. (1988). Some biological information of desert cat in Qinhai. Acta Theriologica Sinica 8: 128–131.
- Yin Y., Drubgyal N., Achu, Lu Z., Sanderson J. (2007). First photographs in nature of the Chinese mountain cat. Cat News 47: 6–7.
- Francis, S., Muzika, Y. (2015). Chinese Mountain Cat in the Ruoergai Grasslands. Small Wild Cat Conservation News 1 (1): II.
- Milne-Edwards, A. (1892). Observations sur les mammifères du Thibet. Revue générale des sciences pures et appliquées. Tome III: 670–671.
|Wikispecies has information related to: Felis bieti|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Felis bieti.|