Cercis chinensis

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Chinese redbud
CercisChinensisShrub2.jpg
Scientific classification
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C. chinensis
Binomial name
Cercis chinensis
  • C. c. f. chinensis
  • C. c. f. pubescens
Synonyms
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. alba Hsu
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. pubescens Wei
  • Cercis chinensis Bunge f. rosea Hsu

Cercis chinensis, the Chinese redbud, (simplified Chinese: 紫荆; traditional Chinese: 紫荊; pinyin: Zĭjīng) is a plant of the Fabaceae family[1] native to China and Japan[2] that grows between 150 to 1,400 metres (490 to 4,590 ft) above sea level.

Description[edit]

Cercis chinensis flowers

As a tree, the Chinese redbud may grow up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 50 centimetres (20 in), however, the species is normally found growing in shrub form. The flowers are pink or milky white in color whilst the leaf body is almost circular in shape, 6 to 14 centimetres (2.4 to 5.5 in) in length and tapers to a point at the end. Flowering in April, the Chinese redbud produces fruit in October.

Some people mistakenly call the Hong Kong orchid (Bauhinia blakeana) "Chinese rosebud" but they are different species and not from the same genus. However, since the Chinese name for Bauhinia blakeana (洋紫荆) translates literally as "foreign Chinese redbud", the characters "紫荆" continue to be used to refer to the species by official Chinese sources.[citation needed]

The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017):[3]

  • C. chinensis ‘Avondale’[4]
  • C. chinensis ‘Don Egolf’[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List (2010) Cercis Chinensis Bunge". 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  2. ^ "Chinese Redbud". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  3. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 17. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  4. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Cercis chinensis 'Avondale'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  5. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 21 January 2018.