Chinese Silver Panda
The Chinese Silver Panda (simplified Chinese: 熊猫银币; traditional Chinese: 熊貓銀幣; pinyin: xióng māo yín bì) is a series of silver bullion coins issued by the People's Republic of China. The design of the panda is changed every year and minted in different sizes and denominations, ranging from 0.5 troy oz. to 1 kilogram.
There is also a Gold Panda series issued featuring the same designs as the Silver Panda coins.
|Face value||Nominal silver weight||Fine weight||Total weight||Diameter||Thickness|
|300 yuan||1 kilogram||999.9775 g||100 mm||13 mm|
|100 yuan||12 troy ounces||373.2360 g||14 mm|
|50 yuan||5 troy ounces||155.5000 g||70 mm||6 mm|
|10 yuan||1 troy ounce||30 g||30 g||40 mm||2.98 mm|
|5 yuan||½ troy ounce||33 mm||2.2 mm|
|3 yuan||¼ troy ounce||25 mm|
The first Silver Panda coins—issued in 1983, 1984, and 1985—were proof quality, with a precious metal content of 27 grams of 0.900 fine silver and a diameter of 38.6 mm. Mintages were only 10,000 for each year. No Silver Pandas were issued in 1986. The 1987 Silver Panda coins were minted in proof quality from 1 troy oz. of sterling (.925 fine) silver, with a diameter of 40 mm. There are several mints that produced Silver Panda coins over the years, including: Shanghai, Shenyang, and Shenzhen. Unlike coins made by US mints that carry mintmarks to distinguish their origin, Chinese mints generally do not carry mintmarks. In certain years there are minor variations in the coin design—such as the size of the date, and temple. That allow the originating mint to be determined. An example is 1996 where different mints produced coins with minor variations in the font size of the date on the obverse side of the coins. In 2015 both the Gold and Silver Panda coins no longer list the metal fineness and weight much to the dismay of collectors.
Depiction of the Temple of Heaven in the center with Chinese characters on top saying "中华人民共和国" meaning the People's Republic of China and the bottom the year of issue. If the issue is a commemorative issue, the theme will be marked here also.
Different portraits of panda that changes every year (except for 2001 and 2002, which share the same design).
There are many varieties on the types of coins issued as follows:
- Gold plated / gilded (either side or both)
- Colored (only obverse side known)
- Privy marked for different distribution such as 2001 D (for domestic market)
- Privy marked for commemorative issue, which can also be gold plated
The official distributor in China for the Silver and Gold Panda coins is the China Gold Coin Corporation (CGCC), and since 1982 Panda America has been an official distributor in the United States.
Minting history of one ounce Silver Pandas
|Year||Bulk uncirculated coins||Proof and other special coins||% silver||Total weight||silver weight||Diameter|
|1983||0||10,000 (proof and frosted proof)||.900||27g||24.3g||38.6mm|
|1984||0||10,000 (proof)||.900||27 g||24.3 g||38.6 mm|
|1985||0||10,000 (proof)||0.900||27 g||24.3 g||38.6 mm|
|1986||No Silver Pandas in 1986 but many collect 1/2 oz Silver Panda coins in their place||No Silver Pandas in 1986||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|1987||0||31,000 (proof)||.925||31.1 g||40 mm (possibly 38.6 mm)|
|1988||No 1 oz Silver Pandas in 1988||No 1 oz Silver Pandas in 1988||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|1989||250,000||25,000 (proof)||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1990||200,000||20,000 (proof)||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1991||100,000||20,000 (proof)||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1992||100,000||5,202 (proof)||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1993||120,000||?????||.99 9||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1994||60,000 small date and 60,000 large date||20,000 (proof)||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1995||168,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1996||?????||?????||.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1997||50,000||80,000 (proof and proof with gold insert)||0.999||31.22 g||40 mm|
|1998||100,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|1999||?????||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2000||?????||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2001||500,000 (405,000 overseas and 95,000 domestic)||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2002||500,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2003||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2004||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2005||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2006||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2007||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2008||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2009||600,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2010||1,500,000||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2011||The scheduled mintage was originally supposed to be 3,000,000. The actual mintage was 6,000,000.||?????||0.999||31.1 g||40 mm|
|2012 ||8,000,000||?????||0.999||31.235 g||31.1035 g||40 mm|
|2013 ||8,000,000||?????||0.999||31.235 g||31.1035 g||40 mm|
|2014 ||8,000,000||?????||0.999||31.235 g||31.1035 g||40 mm|
|2015 ||8,000,000||?????||0.999||31.235 g||31.1035 g||40 mm|
- Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (2004). 2005 Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901–Present (32nd ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873497945.