Chinese Tatars

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Chinese Tatars
Total population
3,556 (2010)
Regions with significant populations
China (Xinjiang)
Languages
Tatar, Russian, Mandarin
Religion
Islam

Chinese Tatars (simplified Chinese: 塔塔尔族; traditional Chinese: 塔塔爾族; pinyin: Tǎtǎ'ěrzú; Tatar: Cyrillic Кытай татарлары, Latin Qıtay tatarları) form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.

Their ancestors are Volga Tatars tradesmen who settled mostly in Xinjiang and Crimean Tatars who suffered from Joseph Stalin's expulsion in the 1940s.

The number of Chinese Tatars stood at 3,556 as of the year 2010 and they live mainly in the cities of Yining, Tacheng and Ürümqi in Xinjiang. Their titular homeland is Daquan Tatar Village in Qitai County of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang.[1]

Chinese Tatars speak an archaic variant of the Tatar language, free from 20th-century loanwords and use the Arabic variant of the Tatar alphabet, which declined in the USSR in the 1930s. Being surrounded by speakers of other Turkic languages, Chinese Tatar partially reverses the Tatar high vowel inversion. They do not have a writing system.[2]

Chinese Tatars are mostly Sunni Muslims.[3]

Jadid schools were founded in Xinjiang for Chinese Tatars in the early 20th century.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "塔塔尔族_百度百科".
  2. ^ Minglang Zhou (2003). Multilingualism in China: the politics of writing reforms for minority languages, 1949-2002. Volume 89 of Contributions to the sociology of language (illustrated ed.). Published Walter de Gruyter. p. 183. ISBN 3-11-017896-6. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Joshua Project - Tatar of China Ethnic People Profile".
  4. ^ Ondřej Klimeš (8 January 2015). Struggle by the Pen: The Uyghur Discourse of Nation and National Interest, c.1900-1949. BRILL. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-90-04-28809-6.

Soueces[edit]