List of companies of China

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Location of China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia. With a population of over 1.381 billion, it is the world's most populous country.[1] The state is governed by the Communist Party of China, and its capital is Beijing.[2] It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau), and claims sovereignty over Taiwan. The country's major urban areas include Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.[3][4]

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2016, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.[5] China is a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G-20.

A company incorporated in any of China's special administrative regions is not considered to be incorporated in China. See the corresponding list for companies incorporated in China's special administrative regions. For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see "Business entities in China"

Largest firms[edit]

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenue for 2016.[6] Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
2 State Grid Lanzhou.jpg State Grid Corporation of China $329,601 927,839 China's massive national infrastructure monopoly, the firm is by far the largest utility in the world. A small dip in revenues in 2016 still saw the firm jump five places to #2 overall, just behind Walmart.
3 中石油大楼远景.jpg China National Petroleum Corporation $299,271 1,589,508 China's primary state oil & gas entity, the firm actually rose a position in the rankings even with a 30% decrease in revenues.
4 SinopecHQChaoyang.JPG Sinopec $294,344 810,538 A petrochemical and fuel producer, the company has always maintained a top 100 position on the list. A massive 34% decrease in revenues dropped them from #2 down to #4 on the 2016 list.
15 ICBC Tianjin.JPG Industrial and Commercial Bank of China $167,227 466,346 A state-run entity that is the largest commercial bank in the world based on asset size, ICBC has moved aggressively into international markets. Revenues increased by 2.5% in 2016.
22 China Construction Bank 中国建设银行 中国建設銀行 北京 DSCF1202.JPG China Construction Bank $147,910 369,183 A large, state-owned bank with a protected market, the firm entered the Global 500 in 2000 and has consistently increased its position each year. Revenues grew 3.7% in 2016, but profits slipped 1.8%.

Notable firms[edit]

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

     Active firms
     State-owned firms
     Defunct firms

Name Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
361 Degrees Consumer goods Leisure goods Jinjiang 2003 Sporting goods
Agricultural Bank of China Financials Banks Beijing 1951 Bank
Aigo Consumer goods Leisure goods Beijing 1993 Consumer electronics
Air China Consumer services Travel & leisure Beijing 1988 Flag-carrier airline
Alibaba Group Technology Internet Hangzhou 1999 Online holdings
Aluminum Corporation of China Limited Basic materials Basic resources Beijing 2001 Aluminum
Amoi Industrials Electronic equipment Xiamen 1997 Electronics manufacturing
Anta Sports Consumer goods Personal goods Jinjiang 1994 Sportswear
Baidu Technology Internet Beijing 2000 Web services
Bank of China Financials Banks Beijing 1912 State-owned bank
Bank of Communications Financials Banks Shanghai 1908 Bank
China Baowu Steel Group Basic materials Basic resources Shanghai 1978 Steel
Beijing Hualian Group Consumer services Retail Beijing 1993[7] Retailer
Bolisi Consumer goods Personal goods UNKNOWN UNKNOWN Hair care products
Bosideng Consumer goods Personal goods Shanghai 1975 Apparel
Brilliance Auto Consumer goods Automobiles Shenyang 1991 Automobiles
BYD Auto Consumer goods Automobiles Xi'an 2003 Automobile, bus, etc.
Changan Automobile Consumer goods Automobiles Chongqing 1962 State-owned automotive
Changhe Consumer goods Automobiles Jingdezhen 1970 Automobiles
Changhong Technology Basic materials Basic resources Shenzhen 1987 Plastic
Chery Automobile Consumer goods Automobiles Wuhu 1997 Automobiles
China Clean Energy Basic materials Chemicals 1995 Fuqing Specialty chemicals, Energy
China Communications Construction Industrials Construction & materials Beijing 2005 Construction
China Construction Bank Financials Banks Beijing 1954 Bank
China COSCO Shipping Industrials Industrial transportation Shanghai 2016 Formed from COSCO and China Shipping Group
China Dongxiang Consumer goods Personal goods Beijing 2007 Sportswear
China Eastern Airlines Consumer services Travel & leisure Shanghai 1988 Airline
China Housing and Land Development Financials Banks Xi'an 1992 Real estate
China International Marine Containers Industrials Industrial transportation Shenzhen 1980 Shipping, logistics
China Life Insurance Company Financials Insurance Beijing 1949
China Merchants Bank Financials Banks Shenzhen 1987 Bank
China Merchants Energy Shipping Industrials Industrial transportation Shanghai 2004 Shipping line
China Metal Recycling Basic materials Basic resources Guangzhou 2000 Recycling
China Mobile Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Beijing 1997 State-owned mobile
China National Erzhong Group Industrials General industrials Deyang 1958[8] Forge and metal working
China National Offshore Oil Corporation Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Beijing 1982 Oil company
China National Petroleum Corporation Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Beijing 1988 State-owned oil & gas
China Natural Gas Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Xi'an 2005 Oil & gas
China Nepstar Health care Pharmaceuticals Shenzhen 1995 Pharmacy chain
China Netcom Technology Internet Beijing 1999 Internet, defunct 2008
China Pabst Blue Ribbon Consumer goods Food & beverage Zhaoqing 1988 Brewery
China Post Industrials Industrial transportation Beijing 1997 Postal service, shipping
China Shipping Group Industrials Industrial transportation Beijing 1997 Merged into China COSCO Shipping
China Southern Airlines Consumer services Travel & leisure Guangzhou 1988 Airline
China Telecom Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Beijing 2000 State-owned communications
China Three Gorges Corporation Utilities Electricity Beijing 1993 Principal for the Three Gorges Dam
China Tobacco Consumer goods Tobacco Beijing 1982 Tobacco
China Unicom Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Beijing 1994 State-owned mobile network
China Universal Financials Financial services Shanghai 2005 Investment management
China Wu Yi Industrials Construction & materials Fuzhou 1994 Construction
China Zhongwang Basic materials Basic resources Liaoyang 1993 Aluminum
Chunlan Group Industrials General industrials Taizhou 1985 Air conditioners, engines
CITIC Group Financials Financial services Beijing 1979 Investment management
CNHLS Consumer services Retail Fuzhou 1994 Fast food chain
Comac Industrials Aerospace Shanghai 2008 Aircraft
Commercial Press Consumer services Media Beijing 1897 Publishing
COSCO Industrials Industrial transportation Beijing 1961 Shipping line, now China COSCO Shipping
Dalian Hi-Think Computer (DHC) Industrials Support services Dalian 1996 Outsourcing
Dashang Group Consumer services Retail Dalian 1995 Department stores
Dayun Group Industrials General industrials Yuncheng 1987 Engines, trucks, motorcycles, etc.
Dicos Consumer services Retail Chengdu 1994 Fast food
Dongfeng Motor Consumer goods Automobiles Wuhan 1969 State-owned automotive
DXY.cn Technology Internet Zhenjiang 2000 Online community
Eno Consumer goods Personal goods Shanghai 2006 Apparel
ERKE Consumer goods Personal goods Quanzhou 2000 Sportwear
FAW Group Consumer goods Automobiles Changchun 1953 State-owned automotive
Feicheng Acid Chemicals Basic materials Chemicals Feicheng 1994 Chemicals
Feiyue Consumer goods Personal goods Shanghai 1920 Shoes
Founder Group Technology Computer services Beijing 1986 Information technology, part of Peking University
Fushi Copperweld Industrials Electronic equipment Beijing 1915 Electrical conductors
GAC Group Consumer goods Automobiles Guangzhou 1997 State-owned automotive
Geely Consumer goods Automobiles Hangzhou 1986 Automobiles
Gome Consumer services Retail Beijing 1987 Appliance retailer
Great Leap Brewing Consumer goods Food & beverage Beijing 2010 Microbrewery
Gree Electric Consumer goods Household goods Zhuhai 1989 Appliances
Guangzhou Zhujiang Brewery Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Guangzhou 1985 Brewery
Gushan Environmental Energy Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Fuzhou 2001 Energy
Hafei Industrials General industrials Harbin 1950 Engines, trucks
Haier Consumer goods Household goods Qingdao 1984 Consumer electronics, home appliances
Hainan Airlines Consumer services Travel & leisure Haikou 1993 Airline
Hangzhou Wahaha Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Hangzhou 1987 Beverages
Harbin Brewery Consumer goods Food & beverage Harbin 1900 Brewery
Hasee Consumer goods Leisure goods Shenzhen 1995 Computers, tablets, mobile phones
Hisense Consumer goods Leisure goods Qingdao 1969 Consumer electronics, home appliances, mobile phones
HiSilicon Technology Semiconductors Shenzhen 2004 Semiconductors, part of Huawei
Huawei Consumer goods Leisure goods Shenzhen 1987 Mobile phones, tablets, telecommunication equipment
Huayi Brothers Media Corporation Consumer services Media Beijing 1994
Huiyuan Juice Consumer goods Food & beverage Beijing 1992 Privately owned juice and beverage
Hytera Industrials Electronic equipment Shenzhen 1993 Radios and telecommunications
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Financials Banks Beijing 1984 Commercial bank
Inspur Technology Computer services Jinan 2000 IT
JDB Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Dongguan 1995 Beverage
Jiangling Motors Consumer goods Automobiles Nanchang 1952 Automotive
Jianlibao Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Foshan 1984 Soft drink
Jiuguang Department Store Consumer services Retail Shanghai 2004 Retail
Joyoung Consumer goods Household goods Jinan 1994 Home appliances
JXD Industrials Electronic equipment Shenzhen 1995 Consumer electronics and games
Kingsoft Technology Software Beijing 1989 Software
Kingway Brewery Consumer goods Food & beverage Shenzhen 1990 State-owned brewery
Lenovo Consumer goods Leisure goods Beijing 1984 Computers, tablets, mobile phones
Li-Ning Consumer goods Leisure goods Beijing 1990 Sporting goods
Little Sheep Group Consumer services Retail Baotou 1999 Restaurants, condiments
Loncin Holdings Consumer goods Automobiles Chongqing 1983[9] Motorcycles
Lonking Industrials Commercial vehicles Longyan 1993 Construction machinery
Mailman Group Technology Internet Shanghai 1999 Technology and social media agency
Maoye International Consumer services Retail Shenzhen 1996 Department stores
Meizu Consumer goods Leisure goods Zhuhai 2003 Mobile phones
Mengniu Dairy Consumer goods Food & beverage Hohhot 1995 Dairy products, ice cream
Meters/bonwe Consumer goods Personal goods Shanghai 1995 Apparel
Midea Group Consumer goods Household goods Beijiao 1968 Appliances
Mingyang Wind Power Utilities Electricity Zhongshan 2006 Wind power
Miniso Consumer services Retail Guangzhou 2011 Low-cost variety stores
Mr. Lee Consumer services Retail Beijing 1988 Fast food
Nanjing Automobile Consumer goods Automobiles Nanjing 1947 State-owned automotive
Neusoft Technology Software Shenyang 1991 Software
Ningbo Bird Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Fenghua District 1992 Mobile phones
Opple Lighting Consumer goods Household goods Zhongshan 1996 Lighting
Panda Electronics Consumer goods Leisure goods Nanjing 1936 Consumer electronics
Peak Sport Products Consumer goods Personal goods Quanzhou 1989 Sportswear
Pearl River Piano Group Consumer goods Leisure goods Guangzhou 1956 Pianos
People's Insurance Company of China Financials Insurance Beijing 1949 Insurance
Ping An Bank Financials Banks Shenzhen 1995 Bank, part of Ping An Insurance
Ping An Insurance Financials Insurance Shenzhen 1988 Insurance
Qihoo 360 Technology Software Beijing 2005 Software
Qinghai Huading Industrial Company Limited Industrials General industrials Xining 1998 Mechanical products
SAIC-GM Consumer goods Automobiles Shanghai 1997 Joint venture with General Motors (US) and SAIC Motor
SAIC Motor Consumer goods Automobiles Shanghai 2011 Automobiles
Sany Industrials General industrials Changsha 1989 Machinery
Septwolves Consumer goods Tobacco Jinjiang 1990 Tobacco, clothing
Shaanxi Automobile Group Industrials Commercial vehicles Xi'an 1968 Trucks, buses
Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Xi'an 1905 State-owned oil & gas
Shanghai Film Group Corporation Consumer services Media Shanghai 2001 Film production
Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Financials Banks Shanghai 1993 Commercial bank
Shenyang Aircraft Corporation Industrials Aerospace Shenyang 1951 Aircraft
Shenzhen Airlines Consumer services Travel & leisure Shenzhen 1992 Airline
Shenzhen Energy Utilities Electricity Shenzhen 1993 Power generation
Shenzhen Media Group Consumer services Media Shenzhen 2004 Television and radio
Shougang Basic materials Basic resources Beijing 1919 Steel
Shui On Land Financials Real estate Shanghai 2004 Real estate
Simcere Pharmaceutical Health care Pharmaceuticals Nanjing 1995[10] Generic drug manufacturer
Sinoenergy Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Qingdao 2004 Natural gas
Sinopec Oil & gas Oil & gas producers Beijing 2000 Oil company
Sinopharm Group Health care Pharmaceuticals Shanghai 1998 Pharmaceticals, traditional medicine
Sinosteel Basic materials Basic resources Beijing 1993 Iron, steel
Sinovac Biotech Health care Pharmaceuticals Beijing 1999 Research, development, manufacture and commercialization of vaccines
Skyworth Consumer goods Leisure goods Shenzhen 1988 Consumer electronics
SmithStreetSolutions Industrials Support services Shanghai 2007 Consulting
State Grid Corporation of China Utilities Electricity Beijing 2002 Former State Power, national electric company
Suning Commerce Group Consumer services Retail Nanjing 1990 Retail
Suntech Power Industrials General industrials Wuxi 2001 Photovoltaics (solar cell) manufacturer
Suzhou Synta Optical Technology Consumer goods Leisure goods Suzhou 1988 Telescopes, optics, part of Synta Technology Corporation of Taiwan
TCL Corporation Consumer goods Leisure goods Huizhou 1981 Consumer electronics
Telesail Technology Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Beijing 2005 Telecom equipment, services
Tencent Conglomerates Shenzhen 1998 Internet, software, mobile phones, online advertising, online gaming
Tianan Insurance Financials Insurance Shanghai[11] 1994 Insurance
Tianjin FAW Consumer goods Automobiles Tianjin 1965 Automobiles
Tongrentang Health care Pharmaceuticals Beijing 1669 Pharmaceuticals, traditional medicine
Topray Solar Oil & gas Alternate energy 1999 Shenzhen Solar energy
TP-Link Technology Telecommunications equipment Shenzhen 1996 Computer networking devices
Trands Consumer goods Personal goods Dalian 1995 Menswear
Tsingtao Brewery Consumer goods Food & beverage Qingdao 1903 Brewery
Vanke Financials Real estate Shenzhen 1984 Real estate
Vinda International Basic materials Basic resources Xinhui District 1985 Paper
Vsun Technology Telecommunications equipment Shenzhen 2011 Mobile phones
Wanda Group Conglomerates Beijing 1988 Property developer, real estate, hospitality, retail, tourism, culture
WuXi PharmaTech Health care Pharmaceuticals Shanghai 2000 Laboratory and manufacturing services
Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation Industrials Aerospace Xi'an 1958 Aircraft
Xiaomi Consumer goods Telecommunications equipment Beijing 2010 Mobile phones
Yili Group Consumer goods Food & beverage Hohhot 1993 Dairy and ice-cream
Yonyou Technology Software Beijing 1988 Software
Yutong Group Industrials Industrial transportation Zhengzhou 1963 Bus manufacturing
Zhongjin Gold Basic materials Basic resources Beijing 2000[12] Gold mining
Zhongjin Lingnan Basic materials Basic resources Shenzhen 1984 Metal
Zoomlion Industrials Industrial machinery Changsha 1992 Heavy machinery
ZTE Technology Telecommunications equipment Shenzhen 1985 Telecom equipment
ZWCAD Software Technology Software Guangzhou 1998 Software
ZX Auto Consumer goods Automobiles Baoding 1999 Automobiles

See also[edit]

References[edit]