Livistona chinensis

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Fountain palm
Chinese fan palm
Livistona-chinensis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Livistona
Species: L. chinensis
Binomial name
Livistona chinensis
(Jacq.) R.Br. ex Mart.[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Chamaerops biroo Siebold ex Mart.
  • Latania chinensis Jacq.
  • Livistona japonica Nakai ex Masam.
  • Livistona oliviformis (Hassk.) Mart.
  • Livistona subglobosa (Hassk.) Mart.
  • Saribus chinensis (Jacq.) Blume
  • Saribus oliviformis Hassk.
  • Saribus subglobosus Hassk.

Livistona chinensis, the Chinese fan palm[2] or fountain palm,[3] is a species of subtropical palm tree of east Asia. It is native to southern Japan, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, southeastern China and Hainan. It is also reportedly naturalized in South Africa, Mauritius, Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Java, New Caledonia, Micronesia, Hawaii, Florida, Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.[1][2]

Livistona chinensis can attain heights of about 9 to 15 m (30 to 50 ft) and a spread of 4 m (12 ft). The leaves are fan shaped.[2]

Cultivation[edit]

The palm is cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens and conservatories.[4]

This plant can become a weed, or in some ecosystems an invasive species, in places such as Bermuda,[4] Florida wetlands and on some Caribbean Islands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Livistona chinensis". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Chinese Fan Palm". Palm Trees. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Livistona chinensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Chinese Fan Palm". Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Bermuda). Retrieved 6 March 2017.