Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as mountain hawthorn, Chinese haw, Chinese hawthorn or Chinese hawberry, refers to a small to medium-sized tree, as well as the fruit of the tree. The fruit is bright red, 1.5 in (38 mm) in diameter. In Chinese, the fruit is called shānzhā (Chinese: 山楂, literally meaning "mountain hawthorn") or dà hóng guǒ (大红果, literally meaning "big red fruit").
In northern Chinese cuisine, ripe C. pinnatifida fruits are used in the desserts tanghulu and shanzhagao. It is also used to make the traditional candies haw flakes and haw rolls, as well as candied fruit slices, jam, jelly, and wine. It is also traditionally used as a finishing ingredient in Cantonese sweet and sour sauce, although it has since been partially supplanted by ketchup.
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Media related to Crataegus pinnatifida at Wikimedia Commons
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