Chinese number gestures

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a common sign for the number one

Chinese number gestures are a method to signify the natural numbers one through ten using one hand. This method may have been developed to bridge the many varieties of Chinese—for example, the numbers 4 (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) and 10 (Chinese: ; pinyin: shí) are hard to distinguish in some dialects. Some suggest that it was also used by business people during bargaining (i.e., to convey a bid by feeling the hand gesture in a sleeve) when they wish for more privacy in a public place. These gestures are fully integrated into Chinese Sign Language.

Methods[edit]

While the five digits on one hand can easily express the numbers one through five, six through ten have special signs that can be used in commerce or day-to-day communication. The gestures are rough representations of the Chinese numeral characters they represent. The system varies in practice, especially for the representation of "7" to "10". Two of the systems are listed below:

  • Six ()
    • The little finger and thumb are extended, other fingers closed, sometimes with the palm facing the signer. (The extended thumb indicates one set of 5)
  • Seven ()
    • In North China: The fingertips are all touching, pointed upwards; or just the fingertips of the thumb and first two fingers [note: this is the most common method]; another method is similar to the eight described immediately below, except that the little finger is also extended.
    • In North China: The index finger and middle finger point outward, with the thumb extended upwards, sometimes with the palm facing the observer. (The extended thumb indicates one set of 5)
    • In coastal South China: The index finger points down with the thumb extended, mimicking the shape of a "7".
  • Eight ()
    • In North China: The thumb and index finger make an "L", other fingers closed, with the palm facing the observer.
    • In North China: The index finger and middle finger point down, often with tips on a horizontal surface, making the Chinese number 8 ("八").
    • In coastal South China: The thumb, index finger, and middle finger are extended.
  • Nine ()
    • In Mainland China: The index finger makes a hook, other fingers closed, sometimes with the palm facing the signer.
    • In Taiwan: The thumb, index finger, middle finger, and ring finger are extended.
    • In Hong Kong: Both methods are used.
  • Ten ()
    • The fist is closed with the palm facing the signer; or the middle finger crosses an extended index finger, facing the observer. Some Chinese distinguish between zero and ten by having the thumb closed or open respectively.
    • The arms are raised and the index fingers of both hands are crossed in a "十" (making the Chinese number ten) with the palms facing in opposite directions, often in front of the face of the signer.

Use of the signs corresponds to the use of numbers in the Chinese language. For instance, the sign for five just as easily means fifty. A two followed by a six, using a single hand only, could mean 260 or 2600 etc. besides twenty-six. These signs also commonly refer to days of the week, starting from Monday, as well as months of the year, whose names in Chinese are enumerations.

In different regions signs for numbers vary significantly. One may interpret the "8" sign as a "7". The "index finger-hook" symbol for 9, also means "death" in other contexts.

The numbers zero through five are simpler:

  • Zero ()
    • In North China: The fist is closed. It may be interpreted as 10 depending on the situation, though some Chinese distinguish between zero and ten by having the thumb closed or open respectively.
    • In coastal South China: The thumb and the index finger make a circle, with the last three fingers closed.
  • One ()
    • The index finger is extended.
  • Two ()
    • The index and middle fingers are extended.
  • Three ()
    • With the index finger and thumb closed, the last three fingers are extended.
    • The thumb holds the little finger in palm with the middle three fingers extended.
  • Four ()
    • The thumb is held in palm with the four fingers extended.
  • Five ()
    • All five digits are extended.
    • Only thumb is extended, upwards or outwards, with the palm facing the signer.

Counting with fingers is often different from expressing a specific number with a finger gesture. When counting, the palm can be either facing its owner or the audience, depending on the purpose. Before counting, all fingers are closed; counting starts by extending the thumb as the first, then the index finger as the second, till all fingers are extended as the fifth; then counting can be continued by folding fingers with the same sequence, from thumb through the little finger, for counting from the sixth through the tenth. Repeating the same method for counting larger numbers. One can also starts counting with all fingers extended. Some believe that for formal scenario such as giving speech or presentation, counting with the palm facing the audience and starting with all fingers extended is more polite, since the gesture of folding of fingers representing bowing.

When playing drinking finger games (划拳, 猜拳), slightly different sets of finger gestures of numbers is used. One of them is:

  • Zero ()
    • The fist is closed.
  • One ()
    • The thumb is extended with all other fingers folded toward the palm.
  • Two ()
    • The thumb and index finger make an "L", other fingers closed.
  • Three ()
    • With the last two fingers closed and the rest fingers (the thumb and the first two fingers) extended, or
    • With the index finger and thumb closed, the last three fingers are extended.
  • Four ()
    • The thumb is held in palm with the four fingers extended.
  • Five ()
    • All five digits are extended.

Gallery[edit]

From 1 to 5[edit]

From 6 to 10 in North China[edit]

From 6 to 10 in coastal South China[edit]

From 6 to 10 in Taiwan[edit]

The digit 0[edit]

The gesture of the digit 0 is used for showing numbers like 20, 30, 40, etc, where the left hand shows the tens digit and the right hand shows the digit 0.

References[edit]

  • "千萬別比七!台日手勢比法大不同 網:亂比真的會出事". 三立新聞網 SETN.COM (in Chinese). 2016-12-13. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "【旅遊圖表】你比的7是他的8:那些讓外國人看不懂的台灣數字手勢". The News Lens 關鍵評論網 (in Chinese). 2018-06-14. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "〈獨家〉數字手勢差很大! 台陸日用法不同". TVBS新聞網 (in Chinese). 2012-10-26. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "台灣日本手勢大不同。". Wahouse和風家 (in Chinese). 2012-07-24. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "民俗大不同:用手势比划7、8 福建与其他省不同". 人民网 (in Chinese). 2013-08-20. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "用手势比划7、8福建与其他省不同 常被误会". 东南网 (in Chinese). 2013-08-20. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "漫画《名侦探柯南》引发中国人数字手势大讨论". 北京时间 (in Chinese). 观察者网. 2016-09-04. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "#5: 数字手势". 慢速中文 Slow Chinese (in Chinese). 2009-06-27. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  • "Chinese Number Gestures". Learn Chinese Online. 2016-12-12. Archived from the original on 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2018-10-14.

See also[edit]