Chinese university ranking (Wu Shulian)
The Chinese university ranking is a ranking of universities in Mainland China compiled by Wu Shulian, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Management Science (unconfirmed). He has been studying "Chinese University Ranking" since 1991 and leader of "Chinese University Ranking Research Group".
The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chinese University Alumni Association, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and many other academic organizations constantly ranks universities in mainland China and in the World in many aspects/fields, including the general ranking, rankings of engineering, natural sciences, medicine, social sciences, law, philosophy, management, etc. This college ranking has met with controversies in China, and counters criticisms that its biased metrics debase many highly respected universities but inflate many second-tier universities.
The leader of this university ranking program is Wu Shulian, who's claimed to be a researcher at the Academy (Guangdong branch). However, his position has not been confirmed by the Chinese Academy of Management Science. There are not much information about the ranking team. Some sources claim that the team leader Wu Shulian was born in Shandong, studied electronic engineering at Tsinghua University and got master's degree of management engineering from Zhejiang University.
The methodology of this ranking is quite similar to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. As any university ranking, this ranking has also continuously suffered with numerous criticisms.
Top 100 universities
The annul ranking has been continuously released in 1996. Top 100 universities out of 2,236 colleges and universities (general/integrated ranking) since 2002 are as below, as well as 1996 ranking.
|University (membership of C9 League/Project 985)||1996||2003||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012|
|Zhejiang University (C9-985)||4||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||1||1|
|Peking University (C9-985)||3||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2|
|Tsinghua University (C9-985)||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||3||3|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University (C9-985)||21||7||7||6||4||4||4||4||4||4||4|
|Fudan University (C9-985)||6||4||4||4||5||6||6||6||5||5||5|
|Nanjing University (C9-985)||2||6||6||5||6||5||5||5||6||6||6|
|Wuhan University (985)||20||9||9||8||8||8||9||10||7||8||7|
|Sun Yat-sen University (985)||19||10||11||10||10||12||12||8||9||7||8|
|University of Science and Technology of China (C9-985)||10||15||15||11||13||11||7||7||13||16||17|
|Huazhong University of Science and Technology (985)||7||5||5||7||7||7||8||9||8||9||11|
|Jilin University (985)||15||8||8||9||9||9||11||11||12||12||12|
|Xi'an Jiaotong University (C9-985)||5||12||12||14||12||10||10||12||14||14||15|
|Sichuan University (985)||27||13||10||12||11||13||13||13||10||10||9|
|Harbin Institute of Technology (C9-985)||8||11||13||13||14||14||14||14||11||11||10|
|Nankai University (985)||25||19||19||18||17||17||16||15||16||15||14|
|Shandong University (985)||23||14||14||15||15||15||15||16||15||13||13|
|Beijing Normal University (985)||43||25||22||20||19||19||18||17||20||20||22|
|Tianjin University (985)||18||18||16||16||16||16||17||18||21||22||20|
|Central South University (985)||32||16||17||17||18||18||19||19||17||17||16|
|Southeast University (985)||9||21||20||21||22||23||20||20||18||19||19|
|Renmin University of China (985)||44||35||28||26||24||20||22||21||19||18||21|
|Beihang University (985)||14||22||23||23||23||22||23||22||25||27||27|
|Xiamen University (985)||42||24||25||22||21||21||21||23||26||23||23|
|Dalian University of Technology (985)||11||30||26||27||27||25||24||24||22||21||18|
|Tongji University (985)||29||23||21||24||26||24||26||25||23||25||25|
|South China University of Technology (985)||35||20||24||25||25||27||27||26||24||24||24|
|Chongqing University (985)||34||33||31||30||29||28||28||27||27||26||26|
|Lanzhou University (985)||33||41||42||32||33||31||30||28||29||29||29|
|Northwestern Polytechnical University (985)||12||26||29||28||28||26||25||29||28||28||28|
|East China Normal University (985)||39||36||34||33||32||30||29||30||31||33||33|
|Beijing Institute of Technology (985)||50||32||36||37||35||33||31||31||30||30||30|
|China Agricultural University (985)||13||29||30||31||30||29||32||32||33||31||31|
|Hunan University (985)||38||45||43||43||40||34||33||33||32||32||32|
|Northeastern University (985)||22||27||27||29||31||32||34||34||46||46||46|
|Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics||17||52||47||45||44||39||36||36||36||37||36|
|East China University of Science and Technology||31||34||35||36||36||38||38||37||34||35||35|
|Nanjing Agricultural University||47||50||50||49||45||42||40||39||40||39||38|
|Wuhan University of Technology||63||38||38||42||42||40||39||40||39||42||42|
|University of Science and Technology Beijing||26||40||40||38||43||43||42||42||50||49||51|
|University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (985)||37||56||56||48||49||47||48||43||37||40||39|
|Northeast Normal University||36||58||60||59||58||54||49||43||43||44||44|
|Northwest A&F University (985)||57||49||54||52||49||53||47||49||48||48|
|Nanjing University of Science and Technology||30||46||46||46||50||48||51||49||48||47||47|
|Huazhong Normal University||52||54||57||58||57||55||50||50||45||58||67|
|China University of Mining and Technology||24||31||33||35||41||41||45||52||53||85||87|
|Nanjing Normal University||70||47||48||51||53||52||52||53||64||51||54|
|Huazhong Agricultural University||69||60||58||56||56||56||62||55||61||65||58|
|Ocean University of China (985)||54||64||65||60||59||58||56||57||60||57||56|
|Hunan Normal University||62||61||61||66||65||60||61||58||59||62||68|
|Beijing Jiaotong University||53||66||67||73||70||62||60||59||52||55||57|
|South China Normal University||61||65||66||62||61||59||59||60||56||59||62|
|Beijing University of Chemical Technology||75||86||74||69||66||61||58||61||57||56||55|
|Shaanxi Normal University||80||84||83||75||71||67||63||62||66||60||60|
|Beijing University of Technology||81||59||64||68||74||74||67||66||65||64||65|
|South China Agricultural University||83||70||75||65||62||69||68||67||82||79||77|
|Nanjing University of Technology||72||63||67||75||70||70||70||77||80||78|
|China University of Geosciences (Wuhan, Hubei Province)||42||37||41||34||65||69||72||72||72||73|
|Zhejiang University of Technology||100||92||91||91||88||80||75||74||70||71|
|Harbin Engineering University||90||96||89||78||78||79||71||76||81||75||69|
|Shandong Agricultural University||23||87||80||76||76||73||81||79||93||101+||101+|
|Hefei University of Technology||68||79||85||87||86||87||78||80||68||71||76|
|Capital University of Medical Sciences||63||59||61||63||68||82||82||70||69||59|
|China University of Petroleum (Qingdao, Shandong Province)||48||39||41||40||37||37||41||83||85||84||89|
|Zhongnan University of Economics and Law||74||62||74||80||76||86||85||86||90||88|
|China Medical University||62||68||63||67||71||87||86||101+||101+||101+|
|Southern Medical University||101+||101+||101+||101+||80||88||87||98||101+||101+|
|China University of Geosciences (Beijing)||42||37||41||34||91||89||88||89||88||93|
|North China Electric Power University||101+||95||101+||100||94||92||89||76||81||84|
|Shanghai University of Finance and Economics||85||76||85||84||90||90||90||88||82||83|
|Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications||89||94||100||92||85||86||84||91||87||87||81|
|China Pharmaceutical University||101+||101+||101+||96||101+||97||92||90||94||85|
|Shandong Normal University||65||99||97||94||97||95||91||93||95||101+||101+|
|Capital Normal University||101+||101+||101+||101+||101+||101+||95||92||93||95|
|Shanghai Normal University||98||96||97||101+||101+||98||96||95||95||96|
|Fujian Normal University||77||92||101+||101+||101+||101+||100||98||101+||101+||101+|
|Taiyuan University of Technology||79||88||84||80||89||99||101+||99||101+||101+||101+|
|Kunming University of Science and Technology||83||90||90||95||93||93||100||101+||101+||101+|
- The rank once tried category ranking in 1998. To list top 5, comprehensive universities ranking: 1. Nanjing University, 2. Peking University, 3. Fudan University, 4. Shandong University, 5. Jilin University, and technological universities ranking: 1. Tsinghua University, 2. Zhejiang University, 3. Southeast University, 4. Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 5. Xi'an Jiaotong University. However, many schools developed to be comprehensive universities soon later, including through mergers.
- Since about the year 2000 there were peaks of mergers of universities for several years, and one of the reasons for them is to become comprehensive universities.
- China University of Petroleum has two branches: One in Beijing and the other one in Qingdao, Shandong Province. The Qingdao branch is ranked among Top 100 (no. 83).
- China University of Geosciences also has two branches: One in Beijing and the other one in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Both branches are ranked among Top 100 (Wuhan no. 72 and Beijing no. 88).
In 2009, the leader of this university ranking program, Mr. Wu Shulian, was reported to have been involved in a fee-for-ranking scandal, involving universities being able to pay money to the ranking program in order to boost their rankings. Consequently, the creditability of his ranking came under criticism.
The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China strongly opposes all university rankings, especially those based on payment of “fees”, a ministry spokeswoman Xu Mei said. The sharp comments came in response to a recent story that Chengdu University of Technology (CDUT) had possibly paid to climb the “China university rankings” table. The university had invited “program director” Wu Shulian to lecture in 2004 and in 2006, a source at the university told the Beijing-based People’s Daily. After Wu had received his 50,000 yuan “remittance”, the school’s ranking rose from 116 in 2004 to 92 in 2007. It fell to 103 in 2009, People's Daily reported.
A study (referred as the study within this paragraph) by anonymous group from Chinese University of Science and Technology showed that California Institute of Technology would rank out of this Chinese university ranking if calculated by Wu Shulian's ranking standard, which was considered ridiculous. This widespread controversy has greatly affected the credit of this ranking program and has been reported by many medias. Mr. Wu Shuliang officially responded with published paper in Higher Education Development and Evaluation, addressing several important mistakes made by the study. The mistakes include failure to correctly use Mr. Wu Shuliang's ranking method, failure to show the calculation process and thus cannot be repeated, inappropriate publishing classified data by Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, inappropriate use of unavailable/non-equivalent indices/scores for California Institute of Technology which constitutes 78.79% of total indices/scores. Mr. Wu Shuliang's paper shows California Institute of Technology clearly ranks much higher than any of Chinese Universities using his published method with proper treatment.
- University rankings in China
- List of universities in China
- Chinese university ranking (Netbig)
- Chinese university ranking of billionaire alumni
- Project 211
- Project 985
- 863 Program
- College and university rankings
- Academic Ranking of World Universities, by Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Institute of Higher Education.
- THES - QS World University Rankings, by Times Higher Education (THE) and Quacquarelli Symonds.
- Ya, Wen, "Universities in fee-for-ranking scandal", The Global Times, May 7, 2009
- Top 10 in 1996, 盘点1987～2005中国大学排行榜 (Summarily Counting 1987-2005 Chinese university rankings)
- Top Universities, Education section of Sina News
- 王磊 (May 15, 2012). 加州理工排不进"武书连大学排行榜"前五百. China Youth Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved August 22, 2012.