Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport

Буянт-Ухаа олон улсын нисэх буудал
ᠪᠤᠶᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠸᠠ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ
ULNAirportLogo.jpg
Ulan Bator 01.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Mongolia
OperatorCivil Aviation Authority of Mongolia
LocationUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,300 m / 4,364 ft
Coordinates47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639Coordinates: 47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639
Websiteen.airport.gov.mn
Map
ULN is located in Mongolia
ULN
ULN
Location within Mongolia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,100 10,170 Asphalt
15/33 2,000 6,560 Grass
Statistics (2019 ULN)
Aircraft movements18,109
Passengers1,594,518
Tonnes of cargo5,406
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport (formerly named Chinggis Khaan International Airport from 2005-2020) (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа олон улсын нисэх буудал, (IATA: ULN, ICAO: ZMUB) is an international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the capital.[2] The largest operating international air facility in the country, it is set to be replaced by a new airport that is to obtain Buyant-Ukhaa's previous name of Chinggis Khaan International Airport.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The airport was first established as Buyant-Ukhaa airport (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа нисэх онгоцны төв буудал, Buyant-Uhá niseh onğocnî töw búdal) on 19 February 1957. In 1958, international flights began with flights to Irkutsk and Beijing using Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft. Regular flights from the airport started in 1961.

The terminal was upgraded to make it suitable for international traffic in 1986.

Between 1994 and 1997 a further major upgrade of construction and air navigation was achieved with the assistance of the Asian Development Bank,[3] making the airport compliant with ICAO standards. The US$50 million construction project was carried out by the successful bidder: a German / English joint venture of Philipp Holzmann and Wimpey Asphalt.

The airport was named after Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the establishment of a Mongolian State on 21 December 2005.

New airport[edit]

The airport is due for replacement in 2020[4] by the new New Ulaanbaatar International Airport.[5] The current airport is somewhat restricted, the single runway is used in one direction for arriving aircraft and in the opposite direction for departures.[6] The new airport, of which construction is finished, will significantly expand capacity, it is located at the Khoshigt Valley, 52 kilometres (32 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar city centre.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aero Mongolia Altai, Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Hohhot, Irkutsk, Khovd, Ölgii, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Tianjin, Ulaangom, Uliastai
Air Busan Busan
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hohhot[7]
Angara Airlines Irkutsk[8]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon[9]
Eznis Airways Hong Kong[10]
Hunnu Air Altai, Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Erenhot, Hailar, Khovd, Manzhouli, Mörön, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Tavan Tolgoi, Ulan-Ude[11]
IrAero Seasonal: Ulan-Ude[12]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Beijing–Capital, Berlin–Tegel, Busan,[13] Hong Kong, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Oyu Tolgoi, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[14] Frankfurt, Osaka–Kansai[15]
SCAT Airlines Nur-Sultan
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin[16]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[17]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic figures[edit]

Two MIAT Mongolian Airlines Boeing 737-800s at Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Aerial view of Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Interior of domestic terminal
Annual traffic
Passengers Change Movements Cargo
(tons)
Change
2007 599,555 Increase0+9.6% 9,297 3,299 Increase0+11.2%
2008 596,765 Decrease0-0.5% 9,552 3,500 Increase0+2.7%
2009 532,861 Decrease0-10.7% 8,330 2,970 Decrease0-12.8%
2010 665,055 Increase0+24.8% 11,678 3,922 Increase0+40.2%
2011 885,885 Increase0+33.2% 14,940 5,452 Increase0+27.9%
2012 1,098,865 Increase0+24.0% 17,465 5,709 Increase0+16.9%
2013 1,106,704 Increase0+0.7% 16,468 5,825 Decrease0-5.7%
2014 1,019,102 Decrease0-7.9% 13,178 4,955 Decrease0-20.0%
2015 955,867 Decrease0-6.2% 10,985 4,710 Decrease0-4.9%
2016 1,023,045 Increase0+7.0% 11,682 4,852 Increase0+3.0%
2017 1,251,775 Increase0+22.3% 13,594 5,022 Increase0+15.0%
2018 1,422,498 Increase0+13.6% 14,899 5,339 Increase0+6.3%
2019 1,621,571 Increase0+14.0% 18,109 5,406 Increase0+1.3%
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Ulaanbaatar (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1 Oyu Tolgoi, Ömnögovi 275,466 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air, MIAT
2 Ölgii, Bayan-Ölgii 23,960 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
3 Khovd, Khovd 23,650 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
4 Mörön, Khövsgöl 16,863 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
5 Ulaangom, Uvs 15,177 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
6 Ovoot, Ömnögovi 14,873 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
7 Dalanzadgad, Ömnögovi 13,324 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
8 Altai, Govi-Altai 11,055 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
9 Choibalsan, Dornod 6,121 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
10 Uliastai, Zavkhan 3,409 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]
Busiest international routes from Ulaanbaatar (2019)
Rank Airport Scheduled Passengers Carriers
1 South Korea Seoul–Incheon, Korea 387,740 MIAT, Asiana, Korean Air
2 China Beijing, China 214,567 MIAT, Air China
3 Russia Moscow, Russia 94,890 MIAT, Aeroflot
4 Hong Kong Hong Kong 88,846 Eznis, MIAT
5 Japan Tokyo, Japan 79,118 MIAT
6 South Korea Busan, South Korea 64,498 MIAT, Air Busan
7 China Erenhot, China 50,608 Hunnu Air
8 Turkey Istanbul, Turkey 36,881 Turkish Airlines
9 Germany Berlin, Germany 17,072 MIAT
10 China Hohhot, China 15,913 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Other facilities[edit]

The airline Aero Mongolia has its head office on the third floor of the main airport building.[18] The Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia has its head office on the airport property.[19] There is also one cargo hangar at Chinggis Khaan International Airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "СТАТИСТИК МЭДЭЭЛЭЛ". Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia.
  2. ^ Purevsambuu, G.; Montsame News Agency (2006). Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Montsame News Agency. p. 67. ISBN 99929-0-627-8.p
  3. ^ "Ulaanbaatar Airport and National Air Navigation Development Projects (Loans 1256/1370-MON[SF])".
  4. ^ "Road Minister tasks to open new airport on time". Montsame. 23 January 2020.
  5. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mongolia-airport/mongolia-delays-launch-of-500-million-airport-until-2019-idUSKBN1ET0QH
  6. ^ AIP Mongolia. Version 05/17 (2017, June 22). ZMUB AD 2.22.
  7. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air China adds Hohhet – Ulan Baatar service from mid-Sep 2019". Routesonline.
  8. ^ Liu, Jim (12 March 2019). "Angara schedules Irkutsk – Ulan Baatar summer service from May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  9. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284881/asiana-airlines-adds-mongolia-service-from-july-2019/
  10. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eznis Airways schedules Hong Kong launch in June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2017). "Hunnu Air adds new Russian routes in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Возобновление рейса - Улан-Удэ-Улан-Батор-Улан-Удэ!". CJSC "IrAero" Airlines. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  13. ^ "MIAT plans Busan launch in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  14. ^ "MIAT adds Thailand service from Nov 2017". 23 August 2017.
  15. ^ https://www.miat.com/index.php?lang=en
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (5 August 2019). "Tianjin Airlines plans Tianjin – Ulan Baatar flights from Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (28 October 2019). "Turkish Airlines Mongolia service adjustment from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  18. ^ "Ulanbator Archived 23 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine." Aero Mongolia. Retrieved on 21 September 2011. "Head office 3rd floor, Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Ulaanbaatar" – Address in Mongolian Archived 23 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine : "Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Улаанбаатар 34, ш/х-105"
  19. ^ "Address of Accident Investigation Authorities as of March 2010 Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Air Accident Investigation Bureau. Retrieved on 11 May 2011. "Mongolia Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia Ministry of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia Chinggis Khaan International Airport Ulaanbaatar 34 Mongolia"

External links[edit]

Media related to Chinggis Khaan International Airport at Wikimedia Commons