Chinggis Khaan International Airport

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Chinggis Khaan International Airport

Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал
ᠴᠢᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ
ChinggisKhaanAirportLogo.png
Airport Logo
Khoshigt Airport.jpg
Rendering of the proposed look
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Mongolia
OperatorNew Ulaanbaatar International Airport LLC[1]
ServesUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
LocationSergelen, Töv, Mongolia
Opened4 July 2021 (3 months ago) (2021-07-04)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,366 m / 4,482 ft
Coordinates47°39′06″N 106°49′18″E / 47.651581°N 106.821772°E / 47.651581; 106.821772Coordinates: 47°39′06″N 106°49′18″E / 47.651581°N 106.821772°E / 47.651581; 106.821772
Websiteulaanbaatar-airport.mn
Map
UBN is located in Mongolia
UBN
UBN
Location within Mongolia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,600[2] 11,811 Asphalt concrete

Chinggis Khaan International Airport (Mongolian: Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал), also referred to as New Ulaanbaatar International Airport (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар хотын олон улсын шинэ нисэх онгоцны буудал[3]), (IATA: UBN, ICAO: ZMCK), is an international airport located in the Khöshig Valley of Sergelen, Töv, Mongolia, just 52 km south of the capital Ulaanbaatar and 20 km southwest of Zuunmod. It started its operations on 4 July 2021[4] and serves as the primary airport for Ulaanbaatar and its metropolitan area,[5][6][7][8][9] functioning as a replacement for Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport. Named after Genghis Khan, it is the largest air facility in the country, serving as a hub for all major Mongolian airlines.

The airport is designed with a capacity of handling up to 1,100 passengers per hour[5][6] and two million passengers per year,[10] with cargo capacity set at 11,900 tons.[11][12]

The airport is connected via highway to Ulaanbaatar, with four shuttle bus routes operating to and from various points in Ulaanbaatar as of 2021.[13]

Name[edit]

The new airport was given its current name on 2 July 2020, with the former Chinggis Khaan International Airport reverting to its pre-2005 name of Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport.[14]

The airport has been referred to by various names during the planning and construction phases, including New Ulaanbaatar International Airport (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар хотын олон улсын шинэ нисэх онгоцны буудал),[15][16] Khöshig Valley Airport (Mongolian: Хөшигийн хөндийн нисэх буудал), and Khöshigt Valley Airport (Mongolian: Хөшигтийн хөндийн нисэх буудал).

History[edit]

Ulaanbaatar's former main airport, Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport, is located in close proximity to two mountains to its south and east, so only one end of its runway was able to be used, and was often adversely affected by weather events.[17]

Development[edit]

Initial planning for the airport was done in 2006 with Japanese government assistance.[18]

In May 2008, a ¥28.8 billion (US$385 million) 40-year soft loan agreement at 0.2% interest was signed between the Government of Mongolia and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation to build a new international airport.[7][8] The loan requires that the project is to be carried out by Japanese Consultants and Contractors however the materials and equipment the Contractors use can be up to 70% from any country. Between 2009 and 2011, Azusa Sekkei and Oriental Consultants Joint Venture made the design and bid documentation for the airport. In 2011, a call for bids was announced for the construction of the airport, with the Mitsubishi-Chiyoda Joint Venture (MCJV) successful in the Technical Bidding. An extended Price review and Contract negotiation was completed on 10 May 2013 when the main construction contract was signed between MCJV and the Civil Aviation Authority of Mongolia.[9]

The final amount of loans from the Japanese Government for the development of the airport totaled ¥65.6 billion (US$600 million), to be paid over 40 years.[18]

Construction[edit]

The ground breaking ceremony took place on 22 April 2012,[19][20] with initial construction starting with a site flood protection scheme. Other works under way were the construction of the electric power line from Nalaikh.

Main construction took place from May 2013 to April 2020.[21] The concrete pouring work for the control tower started on 13 September 2013.[citation needed] On 29 January 2014, the airport's electric substation construction was completed and connected to the Mongolian central grid.[22]

Construction of a 6-lane, 30 km-long highway to Ulaanbaatar started in May 2016,[23] and ended in 2019.[24]

While the initial opening date was slated for December 2016,[25] the bulk of construction only ended in 2017, with the opening of the airport repeatedly delayed, to 2018,[18] 2019,[26][27] 2020,[28] and 2021.[29] While initial delays to the project centred on contract negotiations regarding the operation and ownership of the airport and delays in construction of the highway to Ulaanbaatar, it was ready to open in 2020, but was finally delayed to 2021 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mongolia.

Operations at the airport started on 4 July 2021, with an inaugural flight to Tokyo operated by MIAT Mongolian Airlines, flying Ulaanbaatar-Narita-Ulaanbaatar with a Boeing 737.[30][31]

Operations[edit]

Governance[edit]

Chinggis Khaan International Airport is managed by New Ulaanbaatar International Airport LLC (Mongolian: Нью Улаанбаатар интернэйшнл эйрпорт ХХК),[32] who is responsible for the airport's operations for the next 15 years.[1] It was formed as a partnership between two companies: Japan Airport Management LLC (owned by Mitsubishi Corporation, Narita International Airport Corporation, Japan Airport Terminal, and JALUX), and will hold 51% of the company, while Khushigiin Khundii Airport (Mongolian: Хөшигийн хөндийн нисэх онгоцны буудал ТӨХХК), funded by the Government of Mongolia, owns a 49% stake.[17] JALUX manages the airport's retail businesses.[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mongolia, air travel is severely restricted, with border closures starting in January 2020 and the air border being entirely closed to commercial flights until June 2021.[33]

AirlinesDestinations
Aero Mongolia[34] Altai, Dalanzadgad, Irkutsk, Khovd, Mörön, Ölgii, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Tavan Tolgoi, Tianjin, Ulaangom
Aeroflot[34] Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Busan[34] Busan
Air China[34] Beijing–Capital
Angara Airlines Irkutsk[35]
Asiana Airlines[34] Seoul–Incheon[36]
Eznis Airways[34] Hong Kong[37]
Hunnu Air[34] Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Khovd, Mörön, Ölgii, Ulaangom, Ulan-Ude[38]
IrAero Seasonal: Ulan-Ude[39]
Korean Air[34] Seoul–Incheon
MIAT Mongolian Airlines[34] Beijing–Capital, Busan, Hong Kong, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
SCAT Airlines[34] Nur-Sultan
Turkish Airlines[34]Istanbul[40]

Airport overview[edit]

Runway

The airport covers an area of 104,200 km2.[10] It has one runway with a length of 3,600 m and width of 45 m. It also contains a 3,339 m (23 m wide) parallel taxiway, two rapid taxiways, and 3 exit taxiways.[1]

Passengers[edit]

The airport's passenger terminals have an area of 25,300 km2,[10] with arrivals on the first (ground floor) and departures on the second floor.[41]

Cargo[edit]

The cargo terminal has an area of 3,750 km2, with the airport having a yearly cargo capacity of 11,900 tonnes. It also contains separate facilities for the import/export of dangerous, high-value, and refrigerated goods.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The airport is connected to the highway to the capital, with shuttle buses operating from four points in Ulaanbaatar: Dragon Bus Terminal, Buyant Ukhaa, Ulaanbaatar railway station, and Dunjingarav Market with expected travel time of 80–100 minutes one way. About 60 taxis are also set to serve passengers.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Mongolia's New Ulaanbaatar International Airport starts operations". www.airport-technology.com. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  2. ^ "New Ulaanbaatar International Aiport in Mongolia". Chiyoda Corporation. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  3. ^ ""УЛААНБААТАР ХОТЫН ОЛОН УЛСЫН НИСЭХ ОНГОЦНЫ ШИНЭ БУУДАЛ БАРИХ ТӨСӨЛ"-ИЙН ТАНИЛЦУУЛГА - Зам, тээврийн хөгжлийн яам". mrtd.gov.mn (in Mongolian). Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  4. ^ J, Bolor (3 July 2021). "Нийслэлийн 4 цэгээс шинэ нисэх буудал руу нийтийн тээвэр үйлчилнэ". Montsame. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Японцы построят в Монголии аэропорт (АвиаПорт)". АвиаПорт.Ru. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Новости
  7. ^ a b "Japan ODA Loan for Mongolia". JICA. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
  8. ^ a b "Mongolia starts to build new int'l airport". China Daily. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  9. ^ a b gogo.mn Archived 2012-12-29 at the Wayback Machine Хөшигийн нисэх буудлыг "Мицубиши Чиёодо" барина
  10. ^ a b c "New Chinggis Khaan International Airport opens". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  11. ^ "New Ulaanbaatar International Airport (UBN) opens".
  12. ^ a b "Терминалын үйл ажиллагаа". www.ulaanbaatar-airport.mn. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  13. ^ "Маргаашнаас шинэ онгоцны буудал руу дөрвөн цэгээс буухиа автобус явна". Ikon.mn. 3 July 2021. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  14. ^ M, Anudari (2 July 2020). "New airport in Khushigt Valley named after Chinggis Khaan". MONTSAME News Agency. Montsame. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Project Web Site". MCAA. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  16. ^ "facebook site". MCAA.
  17. ^ a b "Mitsubishi Corporation - Press Room - 2019 - Participation in New Ulaanbaatar International Airport Operation Project in Mongolia". Mitsubishi Corporation. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  18. ^ a b c Б, Бямбасүрэн (21 Aug 2017). "ТАНИЛЦ: Онцлох бүтээн байгуулалт буюу ШИНЭ НИСЭХ БУУДЛЫН ажлын явц". Ikon.mn. Retrieved 4 Jul 2021.
  19. ^ "Construction Begins on New Airport" (PDF). Mongol Messenger. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  20. ^ "New Airport Started". Infomongolia.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  21. ^ ""Чингис хаан" олон улсын нисэх буудал Ням гаригт нээлтээ хийнэ | News.MN". News.MN - Мэдээллийн эх сурвалж (in Mongolian). 2021-07-02. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  22. ^ "NUBIA | New Ulaanbaatar International Airport Project". Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019.
  23. ^ Б, Манлай. "ФОТО: Хөшигийн хөндийн ХУРДНЫ замыг барьж эхэллээ". 2016-05-06. Ikon.mn. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  24. ^ E, Onon (17 Sep 2019). "Шинэ нисэх буудлыг Улаанбаатартай холбосон тууш замын хөдөлгөөнийг нээжээ". Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  25. ^ Kh, Altanzagas (11 Feb 2014). "БҮТЭЭН БАЙГУУЛАЛТ: Шинэ нисэх буудлын өнгө төрх". Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  26. ^ B, Ariunzaya (18 Dec 2018). "Шинэ нисэх буудал ирэх долдугаар сард ашиглалтад орно". Retrieved 4 Jul 2021.
  27. ^ Reuters Staff (4 January 2018). "Mongolia delays launch of $500-million airport until 2019". Reuters.
  28. ^ "Д.Мягмарсүрэн: Хөшигийн хөндий шинэ нисэх буудал 2020 онд бүрэн ашиглалтад орно". iToim.mn. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 4 Jul 2021.
  29. ^ B, Munguntamir (10 June 2021). ""Шинэ нисэх онгоцны буудлыг долдугаар сарын 4-нд нээнэ"". News.mn. Retrieved 4 Jul 2021.
  30. ^ "New Ulaanbaatar International Airport Opens".
  31. ^ Lee, Will (2021-07-06). "Mongolia's Newest Airport Opens for Operations – AirlineGeeks.com". AirlineGeeks.com – LIVE. LOVE. AVIATION. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  32. ^ ""Чингис хаан" Олон улсын нисэх буудлын анхны нислэгийн ёслолын арга хэмжээ боллоо". nubia-llc.mn. 2021-07-04. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  33. ^ "Монгол Улс 10 улстай агаарын хилээ нээгээд байна". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ulaanbaatar Chinggis Khaan Int'l, Mongolia opens to traffic". ch-aviation. 12 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  35. ^ Liu, Jim (12 March 2019). "Angara schedules Irkutsk – Ulan Baatar summer service from May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  36. ^ "Asiana Airlines adds Mongolia service from July 2019". Routesonline.
  37. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eznis Airways schedules Hong Kong launch in June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  38. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2017). "Hunnu Air adds new Russian routes in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  39. ^ "Возобновление рейса - Улан-Удэ-Улан-Батор-Улан-Удэ!". CJSC "IrAero" Airlines. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  40. ^ Liu, Jim (28 October 2019). "Turkish Airlines Mongolia service adjustment from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  41. ^ "Терминалын зураг". ulaanbaatar-airport.mn. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  42. ^ "New International Airport Regular Bus Service".

External links[edit]