Chinle Valley

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Chinle Valley
Valley
NE AZ-NW NM NASA.jpg
Chinle Valley, between Black Mesa west, and the mountain ranges to the east & southeast
Country United States
States Arizona, Utah
Regions Colorado Plateau section of Arizona
Colorado Plateau Navajo section
Counties Apache County, AZ, San Juan County, UT
Borders on Black Mesa-W
Monument Valley-NW
Carrizo Mountains-E
Lukachukai Mountains-SE
Chuska Mountains-SSE
Canyon de Chelly &
Defiance Plateau-S & SSE
Communities Rock Point, AZ, Round Rock, AZ, Many Farms, AZ, Chinle, AZ, Mexican Water, AZ, (Bluff, UT)
Lake Many Farms Lake
River Chinle Creek & Chinle Wash
Coordinates 36°39′30″N 109°40′06″W / 36.65833°N 109.66833°W / 36.65833; -109.66833Coordinates: 36°39′30″N 109°40′06″W / 36.65833°N 109.66833°W / 36.65833; -109.66833
Highest point Lone Rock (southwest of Rock Point, Arizona)
Lowest point Chinle Creek
 - location Chinle Wash, north Chinle Valley
Length 65 mi (105 km), N-S
Chinle Valley is located in Arizona
Chinle Valley
Chinle Valley of Arizona and Utah

Chinle Valley is a 65-mile (105 km) long[1] valley located mostly in Apache County Arizona. Chinle Creek continues north into Utah to meet the San Juan River (Utah).

Chinle Valley is defined by the course of Chinle Wash, with the region as part of the high elevation Colorado Plateau. Numerous washes and creeks feed the Chinle Wash, because the valley lies among higher elevation regions; the Black Mesa borders its west and southwest, the Carrizo, Lukachukai, and Chuska Mountains border east and southeast. The south valley region is part of the northwest of the Defiance Plateau-(Defiace Uplift), and is the location ol Canyon de Chelly National Monument.

Chinle Valley is one of the locations for the Chinle Formation, (no type locality), of Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Colorado, and west Texas.

Monument Valley, of Arizona and Utah, is at the northwest border of Chinle Valley.

Description[edit]

Chinle Valley is mostly a north-south trending valley, about 65-mi long.[2] The valley contains numerous smaller mesas, and associated washes, that all trend into the centerline of the north-flowing Chinle Creek, (Chinle Wash).

The low point of the valley is in the north, where Chinle Creek continues north to meet the San Juan River in Utah, about 16-mi[3] distant from Mexican Water, Arizona.

Creeks & lakes[edit]

Two lakes are found in Chinle Valley. Many Farms Lake is located on Sheep Dip Creek at Many Farms, Arizona, about 1.5-mi[4] from the Chinle Wash. Just northeast, and 3-mi southeast of Round Rock, Arizona is Round Rock Reservoir, located on Navajo Route 12, and between Lukachukai Creek (from the Lukachukai Mountains, 7-mi east), and Agua Sal Creek, from the northwest Chuska Mountains (the small Tunitcha Mountains area).

Access[edit]

The main access route through Chinle Valley is the north-south traversing of U.S. 191 & U.S. 191 in Utah.

For Arizona, Chinle, Arizona is located adjacent the valley's south terminus, and is also the location of the outflow of Chinle Wash from Canyon de Chelly. Just north on U.S. 191 lies Many Farms, Arizona, where Navajo Route 59 terminates. Route 59 comes from the northwest, east of Kayenta, and follows the northeast flank of the Black Mesa.

Round Rock, Arizona is just north on U.S. 191, but easterly on a site neighboring Lukachukai Creek, (and east of Agua Sal Creek), both southeast tributaries to Chinle Wash. Continuing north, Rock Point, Arizona (just northeast of Plane Rock, 5,621 feet (1,713 m)), is near the Chinle Valley center, and on Chinle Wash; three routes converge in the Rock Point region, Navajo Route 35 (and Route 5040) are east, Navajo Route 8070 comes from the southwest, from the region of Trading Post Wash, and the north of Carson Mesa, (a section of the southwest of Chinle Valley), and Navajo Route 18, from U.S. Route 160 to the northwest.

The north terminus region of Chinle Valley is the site of Mexican Water, Arizona; it lies between U.S. 191 on the Utah-Arizona border, and U.S. Route 160 in Arizona adjacent south. U.S. 160 traverses east-west through the north terminus region of Chinle Valley. In the west the route turns southwesterly and follows Laguna Creek (Arizona) which parallels a due-southwest trending section of Comb Ridge, of both northeast Arizona and southeast Utah.

In Utah, U.S. Route 191 in Utah leaves the north terminus area of Chinle Valley (Mexican Water region), and follows the Chinle Creek course at its east (Nokaito Bench), and intersects U.S. 163, near Bluff.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arizona Road & Recreation Atlas, pp. 64-65; Utah DeLorme Atlas, p. 63.
  2. ^ Arizona Road Atlas, pp. 64-65.
  3. ^ Utah DeLorme Atlas, p. 63.
  4. ^ Arizona Road Atlas, p. 65.
  • Arizona Road & Recreation Atlas, Benchmark Maps, 2nd Edition, c. 1998, 112 pages.
  • Utah DeLorme Atlas & Gazetteer, 7th Edition, c. 2010, 54 pages.

External links[edit]