Chino Hills, California

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Chino Hills, California
Chino Hills, with the San Gabriel Mountains in background
Chino Hills, with the San Gabriel Mountains in background
Official seal of Chino Hills, California
Seal
Location of Chino Hills in San Bernardino County, California.
Location of Chino Hills in San Bernardino County, California.
Chino Hills, California is located in the United States
Chino Hills, California
Chino Hills, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°59′38″N 117°45′32″W / 33.99389°N 117.75889°W / 33.99389; -117.75889Coordinates: 33°59′38″N 117°45′32″W / 33.99389°N 117.75889°W / 33.99389; -117.75889[1]
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Bernardino
Incorporated (city)December 1, 1991[2]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorArt Bennett [3]
Area
 • Total44.71 sq mi (115.81 km2)
 • Land44.66 sq mi (115.68 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)  0.15%
Elevation860 ft (262 m)
Population
 • Total74,799
 • Estimate 
(2019)[6]
83,853
 • Rank100th in California
 • Density1,877.38/sq mi (724.86/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
91709
Area code(s)909
FIPS code06-13214
GNIS feature IDs1668255, 2409454
Websitewww.chinohills.org

Chino Hills is a city located in the southwestern corner of San Bernardino County, California, United States. The city borders Los Angeles County on its northwest side, Orange County to its south and southwest, and Riverside County to its southeast.

History[edit]

Pre-development[edit]

After the Spanish founded Mission San Gabriel in 1771, the Chino Hills region was used extensively for grazing by mission cattle. During the Mexican Republic era, the hills were used as spillover grazing from such surrounding Mexican ranchos as Santa Ana del Chino and Rancho La Sierra (Yorba). After Mexico ceded California to the United States it was, and still is, a swamp and subject to flooding annually. Most historical dwellings were demolished in the rush to develop the modern city. A local state monument is present in the grass lawn area of the local fire department.[citation needed] Casa Colina, a well-known rehabilitation center now situated in Pomona California, began as a tubercular clinic in the Los Serranos sector.[citation needed]

This land was sold to Richard Gird, the founder of nearby Chino subdivision and from which the town of Chino sprung in 1910.[7] With the building of the Carbon Canyon Mineral Springs in the modern-day Sleepy Hollow region of the city and the new Los Serranos Country Club in Los Serranos, Chino Hills, California, the area became a destination for both Los Angeles tourists and bootleggers during the prohibition because of its isolation. For the same reason, Sleepy Hollow became a destination for hippies and artists during the 1960s.[8] During the late 1980s, an incorporation effort began and in 1991, the city was incorporated with a population of 42,000.[9]

Development[edit]

Due to its topography of rolling hills, Chino Hills was primarily rural prior to the mid-1970s; most land was utilized for equestrian purposes and for dairies, except for the multi-use purposes of the State of California, promoting jobs for the community through day labor from the Chino Institute for Men on Central Avenue. Rapid and extensive housing developments followed throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, only slowing down in recent years. Most neighborhoods are arranged in a village-type format with strategically placed shopping centers and parks designed to be within walking distance of nearby homes.

Chino Hills is home to the Vellano Country Club, a private golf course and housing development designed by golf champion Greg Norman, his first project in the Greater Los Angeles area.[10]

Chino Hills also includes the developed golf course development neighborhood of Los Serranos. Other large master-planned subdivisions without amenities include Woodview/Village Crossing, Gordon Ranch, LaBand Village, Butterfield Ranch,[11] Rolling Ridge, Fairfield Ranch, and Payne Ranch.[12]

Chino Hills earthquake[edit]

On July 29, 2008, a 5.4 magnitude earthquake occurred at approximately 11:42:15 am PDT (18:42:15 UTC). Some incidents of damage were reported, but no fatalities or severe injuries occurred as a result. The earthquake was felt as far south as San Diego and as far north as Las Vegas. The quake was reported to have interrupted a taping of the show Judge Judy, as well as a first-day taping of the new show Judge Penny. The epicenter was located in the southeast portion of the Yorba Linda Fault.

Recent[edit]

Chino Hills was ranked 22nd in Money magazine's "Best places to live 2012."[13] It is also the 5th highest income place in the United States (with population 65,000 to 250,000)[14] and was ranked as the 9th safest city in the United States in 2011 by the FBI., and 6th safest city in the U.S. overall in 2016, also according to FBI crime data.[15] Chino Hills is a part of the Chino Valley.

Chino Hills' reputation is known in the national arena as well, as it was featured on the list of 57 of America's hottest towns in the January 2004 issue of Money magazine.[16] Chino Hills was ranked 3rd on the list of "best places in the west with a population under 100,000." The magazine reviewed a decade of data for communities with above average population growth, income, and home prices "to see where people were most willing to devote a high multiple of their annual income to live happily ever after."

Geography[edit]

Chino Hills, California
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Physical geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.8 square miles (116 km2), much of which is undeveloped rolling hills, including the Chino Hills State Park. 44.7 square miles (116 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.15%) is water.

City layout[edit]

The city of Chino Hills is bounded by the Los Angeles County cities of Pomona and Diamond Bar to the north and to the northwest, the San Bernardino County city of Chino to the east, unincorporated Riverside County near Corona to the southeast, and the Orange County cities of Brea and Yorba Linda to the west and southwest, respectively, as well as an unincorporated area of Orange County between Brea and Yorba Linda and a small unincorporated area between Yorba Linda and Anaheim commonly mistaken as part of the city of Anaheim, to the southwest and south, respectively.

The eastern border of Chino Hills roughly follows the Chino Valley Freeway (SR 71), which offers access to the Pomona Freeway (SR 60) to the north and the Riverside Freeway (SR 91) to the south. Undeveloped hills form the western border, which also serves as the San Bernardino – Orange County line. Because this area is mostly undeveloped, there is only one road directly connecting Chino Hills and Orange County, Carbon Canyon Road (SR 142), which is long, winding, and prone to landslides.[17][18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
199027,608
200066,787141.9%
201074,79912.0%
Est. 201983,853[6]12.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[20] reported that Chino Hills had a population of 74,799. The population density was 1,671.5 people per square mile (645.4/km²). The racial makeup of Chino Hills was 38,035 (50.8%) White (33.4% Non-Hispanic White),[21] 3,415 (4.6%) African American, 379 (0.5%) Native American, 22,676 (30.3%) Asian, 115 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 6,520 (8.7%) from other races, and 3,659 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,802 persons (29.1%).

The Census reported that 74,644 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 8 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 147 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 22,941 households, out of which 11,026 (48.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,840 (69.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,381 (10.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,101 (4.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 834 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 142 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,713 households (11.8%) were made up of individuals and 717 (3.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25. There were 19,322 families (84.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.54.

The population was spread out with 20,291 people (27.1%) under the age of 18, 7,147 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 20,207 people (27.0%) aged 25 to 44, 21,889 people (29.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,265 people (7.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

There were 23,617 housing units at an average density of 527.8 per square mile (203.8/km²), of which 18,421 (80.3%) were owner-occupied, and 4,520 (19.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.4%. 61,152 people (81.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,492 people (18.0%) lived in rental housing units. The median household income was $100,099 and the mean household income was $116,788. For families, the median income was $103,106 and the mean was $121,755.[20]

2000[edit]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 66,787 people, 20,039 households, and 17,073 families residing in the city. The population density was 575.5/km² (1,490.6/mi²). There were 20,414 housing units at an average density of 175.9/km² (455.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.4% White, 5.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 22.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.6% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. 25.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The average house cost was $654,250.

There were 20,039 households out of which 53.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33 and the average family size was 3.61. The average home price (excluding the unincorporated area of Los Serranos) was approximately $716,900, and the median home price was $659,900.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $83,550, and the median income for a family was $81,794. Males had a median income of $55,272 versus $38,620 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,182. The average income for the city was $95,990. 5.1% of the population and 3.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 5.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[23] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Chino Valley Unified School District 2,674
2 Costco 324
3 City of Chino Hills 268
4 Boys Republic 242
5 Lowe's Home Improvement 231
6 BJ’s Restaurants 192
7 Albertson's 178
8 Harkins Theatres 173
9 Chino Valley Independent Fire District 139
10 Lucille’s Restaurant 129

Arts and culture[edit]

Library[edit]

The Chino Hills Library is a branch of the San Bernardino County, California Library System. The current library opened in 2009 and is part of the government center on City Center Drive, adjacent to The Shoppes shopping center and Boy's Republic.

Film[edit]

The area was the fictionalized location of the initial Martian spacecraft's landing in 1953's The War of the Worlds. In the film Pastor Collins, a resident of nearby Corona California, refers to the meteor as having landed "halfway to Pomona".[24] Subsequent geographical references by Colonel Heffner indicate the landing place as somewhere near "Carbon Canyon".[25]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The city of Chino Hills has several municipal parks. Overlook park is 1.5 acres (0.61 ha) and features scenic views of the Pomona Valley, Chino Hills, and San Gabriel Mountains. It has picnic table, barbecue grills, and a seating area.[26]

Government[edit]

Local[edit]

Chino Hills follows the Council-Manager model of government.[3] The city is governed by a city council which establishes all city ordinances, approves plans, adopts budgets, etc. The council appoints the city manager who enforces laws and, in essence, runs the city's day-to-day operations.[27]

City council[edit]

The city council is elected by city residents and, within the council, rotates the position of mayor. Once elected, the city council members serve a four-year term. The five city council members meet on the second and fourth Tuesday of each month, with opportunity for residents to voice their opinion during the open forum. The meetings are broadcast via the city's television station and streaming via the city's website.[3]

The current mayor and council members are:[3]

  • Mayor: Art Bennett
  • Vice mayor: Brian Johsz
  • Council Members: Ray Marquez, Cynthia Moran, and Peter Rogers

List of mayors[edit]

The City Council selects one member to serve as Mayor for a one-year term. This is a list of Chino Hills mayors by year.[3]

  • 2009 Peter Rogers [28]
  • 2012 Art Bennett [29]
  • 2013 Peter Rogers [28]
  • 2015 Cynthia Moran [30]
  • 2016 Art Bennett [29]
  • 2017 Ray Marquez
  • 2018 Peter Rogers [28]
  • 2019 Cynthia Moran [31]
  • 2020 Art Bennett [29]

State and Federal[edit]

In the state legislature following the 2018 elections, Chino Hills is located in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Ling Ling Chang, and in the 55th Assembly District, represented by Republican Phillip Chen.

In the United States House of Representatives, Chino Hills is located in California's 39th congressional district, represented by Democrat Gil Cisneros.[32]

Education[edit]

Chino Hills is served by the Chino Valley Unified School District

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Hidden Trails
  • Country Springs
  • Eagle Canyon
  • Oak Ridge
  • Butterfield Ranch
  • Michael G. Wickman
  • Chaparral
  • Gerald F. Litel
  • Glenmeade
  • Rolling Ridge

Junior high schools[edit]

  • Canyon Hills Junior High
  • Robert O. Townsend Junior High

High schools[edit]

Independent schools[edit]

  • Loving Savior of the Hills
  • Chino Hills Christian School
  • Chino Hills Montessori School

Charter schools[edit]

  • Mirus Secondary School
  • Sycamore Academy of Science and Cultural Arts

Infrastructure[edit]

Police and fire[edit]

Law enforcement services in Chino Hills are provided by the San Bernardino County Sheriff's department. The"police chief" is Captain John Walker. Chino Hills has contracted with the San Bernardino County Sheriff's department for Law Enforcement services since it was incorporated in 1991.[35]

The city contracts with the Chino Valley Independent Fire District (CVIFD) for fire protection services. The CVIFD serves the Chino Valley, serving Chino Hills and the city of Chino. The CVIFD is a separate political entity from either Chino Hills or Chino and is managed by its own elected board. The department has three stations located throughout Chino Hills.[36]

Transportation[edit]

Highways in or near Chino Hills[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Chino Hills is served by Omnitrans' OmniLink demand-response service open to the general public. For $2.50 one way, one can travel throughout the city and transfer for free to the Omnitrans public bus at the Chino Hills Marketplace and the Chino Hills Civic Center. The dial-a-ride service operates five days a week, mostly during daytime hours.[37]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chino Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Chino Hills - City Council". chinohills.org. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Chino Hills (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  7. ^ "Los Serranos Country Club History". Los Serranos Golf and Country Club. Archived from the original on 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
  8. ^ Sullivan, Susan (2004-02-08). "Room to Roam, Family Style". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  9. ^ "Chino Hills - Demographics". City of Chino Hills. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
  10. ^ Rappaport, Michael. "Buyers Lining Up To Live in Vellano". Inland Valley Daily Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2006-10-17. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  11. ^ http://sbsentinel.com/2014/03/chino-hills-allows-high-density-units-at-butterfield/
  12. ^ Greene, A. C. (July 2006). 900 Miles on the Butterfield Trail. ISBN 9781574412130.
  13. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2005 Top 100 (3)". CNN. Retrieved 2007-01-16.
  14. ^ "Chino Hills Official Web-Site". Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  15. ^ "2007 FBI Crime Statistics". Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  16. ^ .Money
  17. ^ "1998 Landslide Inventory". Department of Conservation. Archived from the original on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  18. ^ "Southern California Landslide Localities". California Geological Survey. 2006-10-30. Archived from the original on 2006-09-24. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. ^ a b "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Chino Hills city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-23. Retrieved 2015-02-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ http://www.scifiscripts.com/scripts/WARWORLDS.txt
  25. ^ California State Route 142
  26. ^ "Overlook Park". Chino Hills California. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  27. ^ Fahim, Mayraj (2005-12-18). "Council managers are running more and more American cities". City Mayors. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  28. ^ a b c Napoles, Marianne (December 2, 2017). "Rogers is Chino Hills mayor for 2018". championnewspapers.com. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  29. ^ a b c Napoles, Marianne (December 7, 2019). "Art Bennett is new mayor of Chino Hills". championnewspapers.com. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  30. ^ "Cynthia Moran". wcmagazines.com. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  31. ^ "Women Mayors in U.S. Cities 2019". cawp.rutgers.edu. 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  32. ^ "California's 39th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  33. ^ "2011 Distinguished Middle and High Schools - California Distinguished Schools Program (CA Department of Education)". California Department of Education.
  34. ^ "Boys Republic: Who We Are". Boys Republic. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  35. ^ "Chino Hills Sheriff Station". San Bernardino County Sheriff. Archived from the original on 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
  36. ^ "CVIFD: Locations" (PDF). Chino Valley Independent Fire District. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  37. ^ "Omnitrans: Omnilink". Omnitrans. Archived from the original on 2007-01-06. Retrieved 2007-01-18.

External links[edit]