Jump to content

Citrus myrtifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Chinotto)

Myrtle-leaved orange tree
Chinotto oranges growing on a tree
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
C. myrtifolia
Binomial name
Citrus myrtifolia

Citrus myrtifolia (chinotto), the myrtle-leaved orange tree, is a species of Citrus with foliage similar to that of the common myrtle. It is a compact tree with small leaves and no thorns which grows to a height of three metres (10 ft) and can be found in Malta, Libya, the south of France, and Italy (primarily in Liguria, typically Savona, and also in Tuscany, Sicily, and Calabria).

The fruit of the tree resemble small oranges. It has a bitter flavor and is commonly called by its Italian name, chinotto (Italian pronunciation: [kiˈnɔtto]). It is an essential flavoring agent of most Italian amari, of the popular Campari apéritif, and of several brands of carbonated soft drinks that are generically called "chinotto".

Citrus myrtifolia is sometimes planted in gardens. Due to its compactness, it can also be planted in a pot or other container.


Chinotto at the Botanical Garden of the Brissago Islands

The plant produces small bitter fruits which can be used to make jams, candied fruits, and syrups. Such processing reduces the bitter taste. Chinotto juice can be used to produce a drink, and is a component of some digestifs.[1]


Chinotto a sour myrtifolia orange, at the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia Ker-Gawl. in Bot. Reg. vol. 4, t. 346, in textu. 1818.
  • Citrus pumila Marc. in Izv. Sochin. Obl. Sukhum. Stants. vol. 2. 1921.


  1. ^ "Citrus × myrtifolia: Systematics, Etymology, Habitat, Cultivation". An Eco-sustainable World. 14 December 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2024.
  • Chandler, W. H., S. N. Hooper & M. J. Harvey - Evergreen Orchards. Kimpton London 1958: 535 pp.
  • Facciola, S. - Cornucopia. A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publ. Vista 1990: 677 pp.
  • Hodgson, R. W. (1965): "Taxonomy and nomenclature in the Citrus" (pp 317–331) - In: S. Krishnamurthi (ed.) - Advances in Agriculture Sciences and Their Applications. Agric. Coll. Res. Inst. Coimbatore.
  • Mortensen, E. & E. T. Bullard - Handbook of Tropical and Subtropical Horticulture. (3rd ed. 1966). Department of State Agency for International Development Washington 1964: 260 pp.
  • Morton, J. F. (ed.) - Fruits of Warm Climates. Creative Resource System, Winterville, N.C. 1987: 505 pp.
  • Swingle, W. T. (1946): "The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives of the orange subfamily (family Rutaceae, subfamily Aurantioideae)" (pp 129–474) - In: H. J. Webber & L. D. Batchelor (eds.) - The Citrus Industry. Vol. 1. History, botany and breeding Univ. of California Press Berkeley: 1028 pp.
  • Tanaka, T. - Species problem in Citrus. A critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Ueno 1954: 152 pp.
  • Webber, H. J. (1946): "Cultivated varieties of Citrus" (pp 475–668) - In: H. J. Webber & L. D. Batchelor (eds.) - The Citrus Industry; 1. History, botany and breeding Univ. of California Press Berkeley: 1028 pp.

External links[edit]