|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||54.87 km2 (21.19 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
712123 (Bandel Junction)
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hooghly|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Chunchura, Balagarh, Saptagram|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Human Development Report
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transport
- 6 Education
- 7 Healthcare
- 8 References
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Mogra is located at.
Chinsurah Mogra CD Block is bounded by Pandua and Balagarh CD Blocks, in the north, Chakdaha CD Block, in Nadia district across the Hooghly the east, Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Block in the south and Polba Dadpur CD Block in the west.
Area and administration
Chinsura-Mogra CD Block has an area of 54.87 km2.Chinsurah and Mogra police stations serve this CD Block. Chinsurah Magra panchayat samity has 10 gram panchayats. The block has 30 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Mogra.
As per 2011 Census of India Chinsurah Magra CD Block had a total population of 247,055, of which 86,792 were rural and 160,263 were urban. There were 126,061 (51%) males and 120,994 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,643. Scheduled Castes numbered 72,909 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 8,982.
As per 2001 census, Chinsurah-Mogra block had a total population of 211,036, out of which 109,751 were males and 1101,285 were females. Chinsurah-Mogra block registered a population growth of 26.54 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census Towns and large villages
Census Towns in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Kola (7,271), Hansghara (7,665), Raghunathpur (14,919), Madhusudanpur (6,685), Amodghata (7,910), Alikhoja (4,613), Shankhanagar (8,601), Chak Bansberia (10,357), Manushpur (8,148), Keota (18,875), Kodalia (8,994), Naldanga (13,140), Kulihanda (15,969), Dharmapur (8,556) and Simla (15,988).
Large villages in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets) : Digsui (4,183), Gajaghanta (4,680), Dingalhat (4,574) and Kanagar (4,131).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block was 185,446 (83.01% of the population over 6 years) out of which 100,676 (54%) were males and 84,770 (46%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Chinsurah-Mogra block had a total literacy of 56.72 per cent. While male literacy was 75.24 per cent, female literacy was 57.09 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 214,571 and formed 87.80% of the population in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block. Muslims numbered 25,400 and formed 10.39% of the population. Others numbered 4,412 and formed 1.81% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block, while cultivators were 3.58% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 13.15%. Household workers formed 3.26% and other workers 80.01%. This is an urbanised CD Block with the percentage of other workers being very high. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block 10.57% were bargadars, 13.91% patta (ownership document) holders, 4.93% small farmers, 16.83% marginal farmers and 53.76% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block 44.53% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 4.89% for orchards. In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block 87.69% of the land is sown more than once. Chinsurah Mogra CD Block produced 7,770 tonnes of Aman paddy from 2,831 hectares, 5,510 tonnes of Boro paddy from 2,345 hectares and 10,230 tonnes of potatoes from 383 hectares in 2005-06. In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 4,408 hectares 450 hectares is drought prone and 200 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Bhagirathi, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block all 56 mouzas were electrified. However, in Chinsurah Mogra CD Block 48.16% of households owned houses with electricity and 54.90% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
Chinsurah Mogra CD Block had 20 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Chinsurah Mogra had 79.47 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 129.44 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 58.50 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
In Chinsurah Mogra CD Block 819.97 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 6,837 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 23,886.1 qtl.
Chinsurah Mogra CD Block has 2 ferry services and 12 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2003-04, Chinsurah Mogra CD Block had 93 primary schools with 16,648 students, 2 middle schools with 1,312 students, 8 high schools with 6,970 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 13,586 students. Chinsurah Mogra CD Block had 1 general college with 2.211 students, 3 professional and technical institute with 778 students and 170institutions with 6,117 students for special and non-formal education.
Chinsurah Mogra CD Block had 2 hospitals, 3 health centres, 27 clinics and 5 dispensaries with 216 beds and 19 doctors in 2003.
- "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Chapter I / Page 1, 3 - Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Chinsurah Mogra Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Map of Hooghly district". District Profile. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "District Statistical Handbook – 2008 – Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Hughli (Hooghly) Dustrict: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Chinsurah-Mogra". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Pages - 31-40, 57, 60, 62-65, 73, 82, 225, 226-227. Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Hooghly" (PDF). Tables 3.1, 4.4, 4.5, 8.2, 18.2, 18.4, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.