Chipata

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Chipata
Chipata View.jpg
Chipata is located in Zambia
Chipata
Chipata
Location in Zambia
Coordinates: 13°39′S 32°38′E / 13.650°S 32.633°E / -13.650; 32.633
Country Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia
Province Eastern Province
District Chipata District
Founded 1899
City status 2017
Government
 • Type Local Government
 • Mayor Sinoya Mwale
Elevation 3,740 ft (1,140 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 455,783
 • Density 176/sq mi (68.1/km2)
Time zone Central Africa Time (UTC+2)
Climate Aw

Chipata is the 5th developed City in Zambia, behind Lusaka, Ndola, Kitwe and Livingstone. Its population is 455,783. Chipata was declared a city by President Edgar Lungu on 24 February 2017 after growth of the town in the recent years. Chipata is the capital of the Eastern Province of Zambia. Having a town, a modern market, a central hospital, shopping malls, University, Colleges and a number of schools, Chipata is the business and administrative hub of the region. The town boasts a four star hotel, a golf course, an airport, a mosque, and even a "welcome arch". Developed areas includes Kalongwezi, Moth, and Bombay.

Chipata is the regional head of the Ngoni of Zambia. As such, Ngoni is the primary language, although Nyanja and English are widely spoken, plus some Indian languages, as a large number of Zambian Indians live in the town. It is located near the border with Malawi, and lies on the Great East Road which connects the capitals Lilongwe (130 km) and Lusaka (550 km). It is a popular access point for the South Luangwa National Park.

History[edit]

Chipata's name comes from the Ngoni word "Chimpata" meaning "large space," in reference to the town's situation in a shallow valley between hills. The name of the central neighbourhood of Kapata, the original centre of town, comes from the Ngoni word meaning "small space."

Chipata was formerly known as Fort Jameson (and informally as "Fort Jimmy"), being named after Leander Starr Jameson, a 19th-century politician and adventurer. Even during the colonial period, few agreed that Jameson, who is mainly known for his part in the unwise Jameson Raid, fully deserved the honour of having any town named after him. Like 'Fort Manning' and 'Fort Rosebery', Fort Jameson was called a "fort" because the local government offices, the "boma", were once fortified.

Geography[edit]

Chipata is located in the Eastern Part of Zambia.

Suburbs[edit]

  • Kalongwezi
  • Kapata
  • Kumodzi
  • Morth
  • Muchini
  • Nabvutika

Government[edit]

The mayor of the city of Chipata is the head of the city government.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of people in Chipata are from the Eastern Province tribes such as:

  • Chewa
  • Tumbuka
  • Ngoni
  • Nsenga

Other tribes and Zambian Indians also live in Chipata. The two main paramount chiefs who have a strong presence in Chipata are Paramount Chief Mpezeni of the Ngoni people and Paramount Chief Kalonga Gawa Undi of the Chewa people.

Economy[edit]

A significant amount of trade occurs between Zambia and Malawi via Chipata. Local business people mainly deal in agricultural trade and other forms of small scale businesses. Local farmers sell their fresh produce at Saturday Market early every morning to marketeers who resell the produce to locals. Small scale contractors working to build roads, bridges and schools are a common sight. Other sources of income include working for the government as a civil servant, working as a manual laborer, transporting items (usually building materials and farm produce). Chipata also has several banks working with the local people providing banking services, including small scale loans.

Tourism[edit]

The Nchwala ceremony takes place on the outskirts of the city of Chipata.

Education[edit]

Primary education[edit]

  • Hillside Primary School
  • Mpezeni Primary School

Secondary education[edit]

  • Anoya Zulu Secondary School
  • Chizongwe Technical School
  • St. Monicas Girls Secondary School
  • Chipata Day Secondary School
  • Hillside Girls High School
  • St. Atanazio Secondary School
  • St. Mary's Seminary School
  • Madzimoyo Day Secondary School
  • Feni Day Secondary School
  • Mwami Day Secondary School
  • Chiparamba Day Secondary School
  • Kasenengwa Day Secondary School
  • Mboza Day Secondary School
  • Msekera Day Secondary School
  • St. Betty Day Secondary School
  • Damview Day Secondary School
  • Chongololo Private Secondary School
  • Mem Private Secondary School
  • Magwero Secondary School for the Blind and Deaf
  • St. Margaret Girls High School
  • Gondar Day Secondary School

Tertiary education[edit]

  • Chipata Teacher's Training Collection
  • Chipata Trades Training Institute
  • Chipata School of Nursing
  • DMI-St. Eugene University

Transport[edit]

Saturday Market in Chipata

A rail link to Chipata from Malawi (via Mchinji) opened in August 2011.[1] Chipata will now act as the Zambian railhead and entry point from Malawi and beyond. In the pipeline since 1982, the short link (about 35 km) provides a through-route for rail traffic from Zambia via Malawi to the Indian Ocean deepwater port at Nacala in Mozambique.[2] The route and alignment of the line has been laid out, including the site of Chipata station and the basic station building.[3] The route will provide an alternative to two existing rail routes to the Indian Ocean, at Dar es Salaam and Beira.[4]

In 2015 it was proposed to build a rail link to Serenje, a small town on the TAZARA railway line.[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chipata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90)
29.9
(85.8)
29.9
(85.8)
33.0
(91.4)
36.1
(97)
37.5
(99.5)
38.0
(100.4)
34.9
(94.8)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
26.6
(79.9)
25.0
(77)
24.9
(76.8)
27.1
(80.8)
30.3
(86.5)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
20.0
(68)
18.2
(64.8)
18.1
(64.6)
20.4
(68.7)
23.9
(75)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.9
(64.2)
16.7
(62.1)
14.2
(57.6)
11.7
(53.1)
11.8
(53.2)
14.2
(57.6)
17.7
(63.9)
19.9
(67.8)
19.6
(67.3)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
13.2
(55.8)
11.8
(53.2)
9.7
(49.5)
6.5
(43.7)
3.3
(37.9)
4.0
(39.2)
3.7
(38.7)
7.2
(45)
12.4
(54.3)
12.8
(55)
13.3
(55.9)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 252.7
(9.949)
225.4
(8.874)
166.9
(6.571)
49.6
(1.953)
4.4
(0.173)
1.1
(0.043)
0.3
(0.012)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(0.031)
13.1
(0.516)
81.9
(3.224)
220.7
(8.689)
1,016.9
(40.035)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20 18 14 7 0 0 0 0 0 1 9 19 88
Average relative humidity (%) 80.7 81.5 78.8 72.1 64.4 59.8 55.9 48.9 42.7 45.2 56.6 75.4 63.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 158.1 148.4 201.5 234.0 266.6 258.0 260.4 275.9 276.0 269.7 216.0 167.4 2,732
Source: NOAA[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°39′00″S 32°38′00″E / 13.65000°S 32.63333°E / -13.65000; 32.63333