Chipata

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Chipata
Chipata View.jpg
Chipata is located in Zambia
Chipata
Chipata
Location in Zambia
Coordinates: 13°38′43″S 32°38′47″E / 13.64528°S 32.64639°E / -13.64528; 32.64639Coordinates: 13°38′43″S 32°38′47″E / 13.64528°S 32.64639°E / -13.64528; 32.64639
CountryFlag of Zambia.svg Zambia
ProvinceEastern Province
DistrictChipata District
Founded1899; 120 years ago (1899)
City status2017
Government
 • TypeLocal Government
 • MayorSinoya Mwale
Elevation
3,875 ft (1,181 m)
Population
(2010)
 • Total455,783
 • Density176/sq mi (68.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
ClimateAw

Chipata is a city in the Eastern Province of Zambia. It was declared the 5th city of the country, after Lusaka, Ndola, Kitwe and Livingstone, by President Edgar Lungu on 24 February 2017. The city has undergone rapid economic and infrastructure growth in the years, leading up to city status.[1]

Location[edit]

Chipata is located approximately 570 kilometres (354 mi), east of Lusaka, the capital city of Zambia.[2] This is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) west of Lilongwe, the capital city of Malawi.[3] The geographical coordinates of Chipata are 13°38'43.0"S, 32°38'47.0"E (Latitude:13°38'43.0"S; Longitude:32°38'47.0"E).[4] The average elevation of Chipata is 1,181 metres (3,875 ft), above sea level.[5]

Overview[edit]

Having a modern market, a central hospital, shopping malls, a university, some colleges and a number of schools, Chipata is the business and administrative hub of the region. The town boasts a four star hotel, a golf course, an airport, a mosque, and a "welcome arch". Developed areas includes Kalongwezi, Moth, and Little Bombay.

Chipata is the regional head of the Ngoni of Zambia. The Ngoni adopted the languages of the tribes they conquered, so Chewa and Nsenga are the principal languages, although Tumbuka and English are widely spoken, plus some Indian languages, as a large number of Zambian Indians live in the town. It is located near the border with Malawi, and lies on the Great East Road which connects the capitals Lilongwe 150 kilometres (93 mi) to the east,[3] and Lusaka 570 kilometres (354 mi) to the west.[4] It is a popular access point for the South Luangwa National Park.

History[edit]

Chipata's name comes from the Ngoni word "Chimpata" meaning "large space," in reference to the town's situation in a shallow valley between hills. The name of the central neighbourhood of Kapata, the original centre of town, comes from the Ngoni word meaning "small space."

Chipata was formerly known as Fort Jameson (and informally as "Fort Jimmy"), being named after Leander Starr Jameson, the 19th-century British politician and adventurer. Even during the colonial period, few agreed that Jameson, who is mainly known for his part in the infamous Jameson Raid, fully deserved the honour of having any town named after him. Like 'Fort Manning' and 'Fort Rosebery', Fort Jameson was called a "fort" because the local government offices, the "boma", were once fortified.

Fort Jameson was the capital of the British protectorate of North-Eastern Rhodesia between 1900 and 1911.

Suburbs[edit]

  • Kalongwezi
  • Kapata
  • Umodzi
  • Moth
  • Muchini
  • Nabvutika
  • Little Bombay
  • Mchenga
  • Damview
  • Old Jim
  • New Jim
  • Chimwemwe
  • Magazine
  • Eastrise
  • Walela
  • Chawama
  • Munga
  • Chipata Motel
  • Nadalisika
  • Katopola
  • Referendum
  • Rose
  • Hillview
  • Gash
  • Msekera
  • Messengers

Government[edit]

The mayor of the city of Chipata is the head of the city government.

Population[edit]

With a population of about 455,783 in 2010,[6] Chipata, is believed to be the 3rd largest city of the country behind only Lusaka and Kitwe. The predominant ethnic groups in the city are the Chewa, Tumbuka, Ngoni and Nsenga.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Saturday Market in Chipata

A significant amount of trade occurs between Zambia and Malawi via Chipata.The city also has a bustling down town area known as "Down Shops" which has a lot of shops and other businesses mainly run by Zambians of Indian Origin. Most notable shops are Kavulamungu Bargain Centre and Ally and Sons.

Tourism[edit]

The Nc'wala ceremony of the Ngoni people takes place at Mutenguleni on the outskirts of Chipata. The ceremony celebrates the first fruits harvest and is usually held at the end of February.[1]

Education[edit]

Primary education[edit]

  • Hillside Primary School
  • Mpezeni Primary School
  • Chipata Primary School
  • Kapata Primary School
  • Chongololo School
  • St Anne's Primary School
  • Trinity private School
  • Mem private School

Secondary education[edit]

  • Anoya Zulu Boys Secondary School
  • Chizongwe Boys Secondary School
  • St. Monicas Girls Secondary School
  • Chipata Day Secondary School
  • Hillside Girls High School
  • St. Atanazio Secondary School
  • St. Mary's Seminary School
  • Damview Secondary School
  • Muziphas high school

Tertiary education[edit]

  • Chipata Teacher's Training College
  • Chipata Trades Training Institute
  • Chipata School of Nursing
  • DMI-St. Eugene University

Transport[edit]

A rail link to Chipata from Malawi (via Mchinji) opened in August 2011.[7] Chipata will now act as the Zambian railhead and entry point from Malawi and beyond. In the pipeline since 1982, the short link, about 35 kilometres (22 mi), provides a through-route for rail traffic from Zambia via Malawi to the Indian Ocean deep-water port at Nacala in Mozambique.[8] The route and alignment of the line has been laid out, including the site of Chipata station and the basic station building.[9]

The route will provide an alternative to two existing rail routes to the Indian Ocean, at Dar es Salaam and Beira. In 2015 it was proposed to build a rail link to Serenje, a small town on the TAZARA Railway line.[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chipata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
31.8
(89.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90.0)
29.9
(85.8)
29.9
(85.8)
33.0
(91.4)
36.1
(97.0)
37.5
(99.5)
38.0
(100.4)
34.9
(94.8)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
26.6
(79.9)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
27.1
(80.8)
30.3
(86.5)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
20.0
(68.0)
18.2
(64.8)
18.1
(64.6)
20.4
(68.7)
23.9
(75.0)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.9
(64.2)
16.7
(62.1)
14.2
(57.6)
11.7
(53.1)
11.8
(53.2)
14.2
(57.6)
17.7
(63.9)
19.9
(67.8)
19.6
(67.3)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
13.2
(55.8)
11.8
(53.2)
9.7
(49.5)
6.5
(43.7)
3.3
(37.9)
4.0
(39.2)
3.7
(38.7)
7.2
(45.0)
12.4
(54.3)
12.8
(55.0)
13.3
(55.9)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 252.7
(9.95)
225.4
(8.87)
166.9
(6.57)
49.6
(1.95)
4.4
(0.17)
1.1
(0.04)
0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(0.03)
13.1
(0.52)
81.9
(3.22)
220.7
(8.69)
1,016.9
(40.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20 18 14 7 0 0 0 0 0 1 9 19 88
Average relative humidity (%) 80.7 81.5 78.8 72.1 64.4 59.8 55.9 48.9 42.7 45.2 56.6 75.4 63.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 158.1 148.4 201.5 234.0 266.6 258.0 260.4 275.9 276.0 269.7 216.0 167.4 2,732
Source: NOAA[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mwendabai, Darlington (25 February 2017). "Chipata: Newest city on the hills". Zambia Daily Mail. Lusaka. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  2. ^ Globefeed.com (22 November 2018). "Distance between Lusaka, Zambia and Chipata, Zambia". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b Viajes Con Mochila (September 2015). "Traveling through Zambia with backpack. Chipata to Lilongwe (it´s only 150 km)". Nomad-as.com. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Location of Chipata, Zambia". Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  5. ^ Floodmap.net (22 November 2018). "Elevation of Chipata, Zambia". Floodmap.net. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  6. ^ Central Statistical Office Zambia (14 November 2018). "The Population of Chipata in 2010". Citypopulation.info Quoting Central Statistical Office Zambia. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  7. ^ Afrol Staff Writer (21 September 2011). "Zambia, Malawi finally connected by rail". Kroderen, Norway: Afrol.com. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  8. ^ News Agencies (26 August 2007). "New rail link to boost Southern African trade" (Archived from the original). Mail&Guardian Online. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  9. ^ Google. "Location of Chipata Railway Station" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
  10. ^ Community News (3 August 2017). "Chipata-Tazara railway project hits a snag". Chipata, Zambia: Breeze FM Chipata. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Chipata MET Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 8, 2015.

External links[edit]