Chipiona Lighthouse

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Chipiona Lighthouse
Punta del Perro
Chipiona faro 02.jpg
Chipiona Light, 2007
LocationChipiona
Province of Cádiz
Andalusia
Spain
Coordinates36°44′16.51″N 6°26′32.05″W / 36.7379194°N 6.4422361°W / 36.7379194; -6.4422361Coordinates: 36°44′16.51″N 6°26′32.05″W / 36.7379194°N 6.4422361°W / 36.7379194; -6.4422361
Tower
Constructed1867
Constructioncut stone tower
Height205 feet (62 m)[1]
Shapetapered cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markingsunpainted tower, white trim, grey lantern roof
OperatorAutoridad Portuaria de Sevilla[3]
Light
Focal height226 feet (69 m)
Range25 nautical miles (46 km; 29 mi)[2]
CharacteristicFl W 10s.
Spain no.ES-09180

Chipiona Lighthouse (Spanish: Faro de Chipiona), also known as Punta del Perro Light,[4] is an active 19th-century lighthouse in Chipiona, in the province of Cádiz, Spain. At a height of 205 feet (62 m) it is the seventeenth tallest "traditional lighthouse" in the world, as well as the tallest in Spain.[5] It is located on Punta del Perro (lit. Dog Point), a projection of land into the Atlantic Ocean in the city of Chipiona, about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) southwest of the Guadalquivir entrance, and serves as the landfall light for Seville.[3]

History[edit]

A previous lighthouse was present at the same site from the Roman period,[6] and this former lighthouse gave Chipiona its name. This superb lighthouse was, according to Strabo comparable with the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria. It was ordered to be built in 140 BC by the Roman proconsul Quintus Servilius Caepio in an attempt to finally overcome the problems of the Salmedina reef at the mouth of the then river Betis, now the Guadalquivir. Its Latin name Turris caepionis (Caepio's Tower), is traditionally held to be the origin of the name Chipiona.

The project to build a modern lighthouse on the site was first developed in 1862 by Jaime Font, a Catalan engineer. He placed the first stone on 30 April 1863 and it was lit for the first time in 1867. Since that time it has remained off permanently on 2 occasions. The first when it was switched off was in 1898, during the war against the United States of America over the independence of Cuba, all the lighthouses around Cadiz were turned off because an invasion was feared. The second time was in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War when it remained off for 3 years.

In December 1999 the illumination was changed to a new halogen lamp. This is visible 129 kilometres (70 nmi) away and flashes once every ten seconds.

Construction[edit]

Mollusc shells visible in the oysterstone

The building is constructed in a slightly tapering column which is reminiscent of commemorative Roman columns. It is built of blocks of sandstone and oysterstone, a limestone sedimentary rock that is open in structure and with visible remains of mollusc shells, especially of the oyster family. It is used commonly in the south west coastal towns and cities of Spain. There is a gallery on top in which is the lantern. Its base is a 4-storey square structure, which rises in front of a 2-storey keeper's house, painted white.[7]

The site is open and there are organised tours up the 344 steps to the balcony below the lantern room. These tours are available 5 days a week in summer and less frequently during other months.

Current display[edit]

The light characteristic displayed is one white flash every ten seconds (Fl W 10s). the light is displayed at a focal height of 226 feet (69 m) and it is visible for 25 nautical miles (46 km; 29 mi).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to List of Lights. The Lighthouse Directory has 207 feet (63 m).
  2. ^ Chipiona (Punta del Perro) leuchttuerme.net
  3. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Spain: Western Andalusia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  4. ^ "Punta del Perro Light - ARLHS SPA-226". wlol.arlhs.com. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  5. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "The Tallest Lighthouses". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  6. ^ "Chipiona". eyeonspain.com. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  7. ^ http://turismochipiona.es/EN/index.html Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Chipiona Tourist Office, English Translation.
  8. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 65.

External links[edit]