Chipperfield's Circus

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Charles Chipperfield Circus 2016, the 7th generation of the Chipperfield Circus family [1]

Chipperfield's Circus is a long-running English family show based on the 300-year-old Chipperfield dynasty.[1]

Giraffes at the West Midland Safari Park opened by Jimmy Chipperfield on 17 April 1973

Chipperfield's Circus started with James Chipperfield with his performing animals at the Thames Frost Fair of 1684. Through the 19th century, the circus toured the all of England, with a menagerie of animals, teams of acrobats and clowns. After World War II, under the management of Jimmy Chipperfield, the show became one of the biggest circuses in Europe, with a tent that could hold 6000 people. Jimmy Chipperfield then diversified into safari parks and fairgrounds supplies, and since his death in 1990, Chipperfield's Circus has toured only intermittently, sometimes featuring members of the extended Chipperfield family.[2] [3][4] [5][6][7]

History[edit]

The name "Chipperfield" dates back at least to James Chipperfield. He introduced performing animals to England at the Frost Fair on the Thames in 1684. His show performed for two months at the fair. Part of the fair was for showing animals. [3] [8][9]

James William Chipperfield Sr.[edit]

James William Chipperfield Sr. (1775-1866)

James William Chipperfield Sr. (~1775-1866) was a bootmaker's and made fancy-dress costumes for theatrical use in Drury Lane, London. His business was slow in the summer. So in the summer he joined traveling fairs and help put on small shows with his wife Mary Ann. The show grew to include dancing bears, monkeys, and trained pigs. In about 1803 James and Mary Ann had a son James William Chipperfield Jr. who would join the show. [10]

James William Chipperfield Jr.[edit]

James William Chipperfield Jr. (1803-1866)

James William Chipperfield (~1799 or ~1803?-1866) grew up in his father's touring show. He was an assistant to Hamlin the conjuror. James married Harriet Amy Coan (4 December 1799-~1866) in Bury St Edmunds and had four children William James(1822- ), James William (1824-1913), Tom and Mary Phoebe (1826- ). James and Harriet tour with their own show in a horse drawn canvas wagon. Harriet died of pneumonia in 1841 at a fair in Rayleigh, Essex. Later James remarried and continued to tour with an even large shows. He retired and died in 1866. James William married Elizabeth Jones, their children continued the Circus tour. [11][12]

James William Chipperfield III[edit]

Chipperfield's Circus poster form about 1850

James William Chipperfield (1824-1913) was born in a caravan on 22 April 1824, at St. Martin at Oak, Norfolk. James is the son of James William Chipperfield and Harriet Amy (née Coan).[3]

He act began a clowning act with his father in the "Liliputian Circus". Reported that he entered a den of animals at Wombwells when 14 years old. He started is own show when he acquired an trained trick pony and worked as juggler.

He married Elizabeth Jones (4 July 1823-1856) in 1846. She died in 1856 at the age of 33. Elizabeth and James had three children: Sophia Sarah (13 December 1846-1927) married Henry Wesley in 1868 - James William Francis (4 October 1848-January 1917) and Harriett Amy (1852—?). Later he married Sarah Ann Coan (Chapman) (1821 - 1890) a widow of John Coan. Sarah was caring for five of his late husband's children, two of which were Walter Coan and Elizabeth Coan. Sarah and James had 12 children, including: Harriet and James. James and Sarah had all 20 of their children working in the Circus as their grew up. Their daughter appeared as the youngest tight-rope dancer in the country. The Chipperfield's Circus introduced to Britain Zulus from Africa and the Aztecs from Mexico. He also entered in to the marionette is a puppet shows. He gradually worked his way to the front rank of showland with his menagerie, caged "Beast Show" and establishing his winter quarters in Norwich.[13] He exhibited Robert Tippney, the "living skeleton". He was on the road all his life and claimed to be England's oldest showman. James William Chipperfield died at his home, Schwanfelder Street, Beeston, Leeds, in 1913, aged 89 years.[3][14][15][16][17][18]

James Francis Chipperfield[edit]

James Francis Chipperfield (1848-1917) was an animal trainer and menagerie proprietor in the Chipperfield Circus. Son of James William Chipperfield (1824-1913). James Francis was born 4 October 1848 in Tottenham Court Road, London. He was a member of the third generation of the show family he performed in every village and town in the country and was a noted trainer of animals. "I can train anything from a rabbit to an elephant", he claimed. He and his wife, Mary Ann (Jones) had nine children, all who worked in the Circus. His son John was musician in the Circus, his daughter Mary Anne was a juggler and dancer in the Circus, His son Henry left the Circus and started cinema show. His son Jim (James) was musician in the Circus, then departed to Ireland and joined the Royal Italian Circus. His daughter Sophia married James Chittock. His daughter, Sarah married Ambrose Tiller a showman in the circus. His daughter, Rachael married Mr. Cartwright. His daughter, Mary Ann married Mr. Bartlett. His daughter, Minnie worked in circus. His is son Richard took over his father's circus in England. Jim (James) Jr. after departing his father's circus married Louisa, they had three daughters: Louisa, Minnie and Lily.[19] James Francis died in 1917 at the aged 67, he was buried 8 June 1917 at Abode Fair Ground, Ludgershall, Wiltshire, England.[20][3][14][21]

From the "WORLDs FAIR" :

WF13.1.17: "We regret to have to record the death of Mr James William Chipperfield, who died on Thursday last, January 4, at the age of 68. The deceased was a popular midlands traveler, but for some time has been located at Ludgershall, Wilts., where he was interred.

WF 27.1.17: "The funeral of the late Mr James W. Francis Chipperfield, who died after a long and painful illness on January 9, 1917 at the age of 68 at Ludgershall, Wilts., The deceased was an old and respected showman, being laid to rest with signs of the greatest love and sorrow.

The following relatives and friends were present at the last sad journey (the widow not being able to attend through excessive grief): Mr John Chipperfield (son); Mrs James Chittock (daughter); Mrs A. Tiller (daughter); Mr Richard Chipperfield (son); Mr Henry Chipperfield (son); Mrs R. Cartwright (daughter); Mr Thomas Clark and Mrs John Chipperfield.

The service were conducted by the vicar (Mr Bird).

Richard Chipperfield Sr.[edit]

J.M. Chipperfields Electrograph Bioscope was moved by a Burrell-built engine, named "Queen of the Midlands". Chipperfield's Electrograph Bioscope traveled all over the UK starting in 1899.
Chipperfield's Electrograph Bioscope

Richard Chipperfield Sr. was the son of James Frances and Mary Ann (Jones) Chipperfield, born in 1875, at Sileby, Leicestershire. He was the fourth generation of the Chipperfield showmen. He first performed in public at the age of five. The management of the circus was passed down to him in the early 1900s. In 1902 he added a Bioscope show to the attractions of the show at Birmingham, Manchester and London.[22] Six films were shown at each presentation. The films included that of Marie Corelli riding in the Shakespeare Birthday procession and the HMS Albion disaster on the River Thames in 1898.[23][24][25][26]

Richard married Maud, daughter of George Seaton. Richard hobby was painting, particularly of animals, examples of his painting can be seen on the walk-ups of his circus pavilion. The circus gradually grew and in 1933 combined with the Purchase family. Richard was the father of six children, including Dick (Richard) and Jimmy (James) (who took over from their father in 1937), John ("Johnny"), Thomas Henry "Tom", Marjorie and Maud. Richard Chipperfield died in 1959.[27][3][14][28][29][30]

Dick Chipperfield[edit]

Dick Chipperfield, Richard Chipperfield (1904-1988), began performing as a clown at the family's fairground variety show when he was just five. Dick's father was Richard Chipperfield (1875-1959), Dick's mother was Emily Maud Seaton. Dick married Myrtle Eileen Slee. Myrtle and Dick had 4 children, two sons and two daughters.[31][32]

Jimmy, Dick's younger brother, also took part in the show as a clown, a wire-walker and an acrobat.[3]

It was in the early 1930s that the Chipperfields started to become well established in the traditional circus business and by the end of World War II the show had become one of the largest touring circuses in Europe.[33][34][35][36][37]

After the end of World War II the circus owners traveled to Sri Lanka and bought nine elephants which then led on to further acquisitions and the growth of the circus.[38] During the late 1940s, the RAF Wethersfield base was used as a winter camping ground for the Circus. Elephants were housed in the maintenance hangars and Nissen hut (Quonset), formerly used as offices, became homes for lions, tigers, snakes and monkeys. Jimmy Chipperfield fought as a fighter pilot in World War II.[3]

By 1953, Chipperfield's Circus ousted rivals Bertram Mills and Billy Smart and boasted a big-top tent which could accommodate 6,000 people. It had a collection of 200 horses, 16 elephants and 200 other animals.[3] Dick died at the age of 83 in 1988.[3]

Jimmy Chipperfield[edit]

Woburn Safari Park Lion enclosure, that Jimmy Chipperfield helped open in 1970
African Lion Safari opened by Dailley and the Chipperfield family on by August 22, 1969 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Longleat Safari Park opened by Jimmy Chipperfield in 1966, the first drive-through safari park outside Africa

Jimmy Chipperfield, "James Seaton Methuen Chipperfield" (1912-1990), was born in 1912 while Chipperfield's Circus was touring. This family owned and performed in the family Circus as clowns, acrobats and the animal trainers. Jimmy learned all the trades of the Circus. Jimmy married Rosie Purchase (1912–2006) in the early 1930. Rosie family has a traveling menagerie show of wild animals. After Rosie's father was killed by one of his loins, Jimmy took over the Purchase's show and merged it with the Chipperfield Circus. He took the circus on local and oversea tours. Jimmy began a bear wrestling show. The second world war closed donw Jimmy's show. Jimmy signed up to be a fighter pilot for the RAF. After the war he put the show back together and made it bigger and made it shine. By April 1946 the Chipperfield circus was back on tour the UK. In 1955 Jimmy broke away from the family circus and after a brief time farming and managing other shows, he and daughter Mary began providing animals for film work.[39]

In the 1960s he started making a career in "drive-through" safari parks. In 1966 he opened the Longleat Safari Park. In 1967 Jimmy opened the Johannesburg Lion Park, the third lion park in the world. Chipperfield had Larenty circus family manage the park.[40] Jimmy opened the Windsor Safari Park in Windsor, Berkshire in 1969. In 1970 he helped start the Woburn Safari Park with John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford and also a park in Stirling, Scotland, the Blair Drummond Safari Park at the Blair Drummond House.[41] In 1971 help helped open the Knowsley Safari Park [42][43] Jimmy Chipperfield and Annabel Lambton opened the Lambton Lion Park at Lambton Castle in July 1972, closed in 1980. [44] Jimmy opened his West Midland Safari Park on 17 April 1973. The Windsor park closed in 1992 and lions there were moved to the West Midlands Safari Park. According to his autobiography, "My Wild Life", he pioneered the entire idea and among his first groups of animals was the lions featured in Born Free.[3][45] Jimmy provided and trained pets and circus animals for Hollywood movies, like Walt Disney. [46] Jimmy Chipperfield was a subject of the This Is Your Life in 1961, and a photograph of him with Eamonn Andrews is featured in the collage of photographs on the first edition dust jacket of his autobiography.[3] In 1979 Jimmy open a show called Circus World that toured and set up in the Great Yarmouth Hippodrome.

All four of the Chipperfield siblings, Dick, Jimmy, Marjorie and John who were responsible for the circus's greatest successes died: Marjorie died 1975, John died in 1978 and Jimmy died in 1990.[3][47]

Marjorie Chipperfield[edit]

Marjorie Chipperfield performed as Equestrienne, contortionist and equilibrist. Marjorie Suzanne Phyllis, the younger daughter of Richard Chipperfield was born 12 December 1916. She was the fifth generation of the famous family, sister of Dick, Maude, Jimmy and John. In 1931 she did a bending and balancing act, climbing in and out of the narrow rungs of a ladder. In 1933, with Chipperfield's Lion Show, performed a rolling globe act. She performed with her brother Richard's circus, after he took over the circus from their father in 1937. With the family's circus and the Liberty horses she performed in Eastbourne for the 1938-39 season. For the 1939-40 season she appeared as Mlle Marita, with performing bulls, at the Belle Vue circus. She appeared as Miss Marjorie doing a balancing and rolling at Poole's (Tom Fossett's) circus in September 1941. She exhibiting shoe horses at Arthur Joel's 'All-British' circus in 1941 and 1942, with her brother Johnny and Rosie (wife of Jimmy) Chipperfield. She also performed on the rolling globe. In 1942 she moved the act to the Reco Brothers' circus and then the Harry Benet's stage circus. She married James (Jimmy) Stockley on 15 December 1945. She performed as Roxana, assisting Marsaline (Bertha Gridneff), on the high wire. Back with Chipperfield's circus she was put as the head of the girls' wardrobe, costumes, etc.[48][49][50][51][52]

In 1948 she became joint proprietor of Chipperfield's Circus with brothers Richard, James and John Chipperfield. Her elephant ballet was presented at the Kelvin Hall circus, Glasgow in 1948 and 1949. She was the director of Chipperfield's circus in 1951, when their headquarters were at Down farm, Stockbridge, Hampshire, and later when the winterquarters moved to Heythrop, Oxfordshire. She looked after the family's wild animal reserve in South Africa until Jimmy Stockley's death in 1973. She died 11 December 1975, in Cape Town, South Africa. Her daughter Jane Stockley married Brian Boswell.[53][54][55] [56][57] [58][59][60][61]

James Stockley[edit]

James Stockley was a transport and electrics expert and a brilliant mechanic. He was born at Stoke-on-Trent in 1914. He work in the motor trade there before the war. In the RAF during the WW2 he flew with Jimmy Chipperfield, as his navigator, and through Jimmy met Marjorie Chipperfield. James was awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM) for his wartime service. The Award note: "As pilot and observer respectively, this officer and airman have participated in very many sorties. They have proved themselves to be highly skilled, cool and resolute members of aircraft crew and their keenness for operations has won much praise. One night in March, 1945, they were responsible for the destruction of two enemy aircraft." [62]

James married Marjorie Suzanne Phyllis Chipperfield, on 15 December 1945, at Blaby, Leicestershire. As part of Chipperfield's circus he kept the post-war show on the road, running. His daughter Carol Elizabeth was christened, at Bristol, in 1950. He was the director of Chipperfield's by 1951, when its headquarters were at Down farm, Stockbridge, In the 1970s, when Chipperfield's circus returned from South Africa, Jim Stockley and his wife Marjorie remained there, running the Natalion Lion Park and Game Reserve. James died on 31 May 1973, at the age of 57, following a blow to his chest during the inoculation of a gnu. He was the father of Jane, Carol, James (Jim) junior and Maryann.[63][64]

Johnny Chipperfield[edit]

Johnny Chipperfield (1875-1978) was a rider, clown and animal trainer. John L., was the on of Richard Chipperfield (born 1875) and Maud née Seaton. Johnny Chipperfield was the younger brother of Dick, Maud, Jimmy and Marjorie.

Johnny Chipperfield trained a Welsh pony to do tricks, as a boy, then trained a monkey to jockey on him. At age twelve bought his first ring horse and became a rider and clown with the family show. He spent the 1937 season, with the Chipperfield's animals, on Sweden's Circus Scott, where his riding was encouraged by Rudi Blumenfeld. Johnny married Doris Morche, a member of a German springboard troupe.[3]

During the WW2 he served with the RAF, that was demobilized on the day that the family circus was due to open, at Southampton for the 1946 season. Johnny Chipperfield is the father of John, Tommy, Doris, Charles (married Keren, in 1988) and Sophie. John work with the animals and helped manage the Circus. Doris worked with horses. Charles took care of the mechanical machines at the Circus. Sophie performed in a number of acts.[65]

He presented the dogs, performed a comedy ride as 'Madame Spangaletti' and clowned with his brother Jimmy. Noted for his dog act, as 'Kelly', with Chipperfield's Circus, 1938-39. He appeared at the Tom Arnold's Mammoth Circus, Harringay, 1949–50 and 1950-51 seasons, and with Chipperfield's circus, in 1950, exhibiting 'Paul's Peerless Poodles'.[3][66]

In 1951 he exhibited a high school riding show, at the Southend-on-Sea Kursaal circus. In 1952 he was presented Golden Palaminos, at Chipperfield's circus. His son John jr. was born on 20 July 1953. He was a horse trainer for Chipperfield's circus, from the 1950s on wards, he performed with Doreen Duggan in 1953. He performed with Chipperfield's, in Plymouth in 1954. During the mid-1950s began working with the Chipperfield elephants. He performed with Chipperfield's circus, at the Bingley Hall, Birmingham in 1957–58, exhibiting horses, ponies, elephants and chimpanzees. He accompanied his brother Dick and sister Marjorie to South Africa for the Chipperfield tour of Southern Africa 1965–1967 and returned to the UK 1968. Starting in 1970 he traveled with Chipperfields Circus in the UK training and presenting Asian & African elephants, horses, lions, tigers and dogs. He died 13 November 1978, of leukaemia.[67]

Tommy Chipperfield[edit]

Tommy Chipperfield was born and raised in the Chipperfield’s Circus. He grew up on the road with a menagerie of animals, like chimps to giraffes before going to Marsh Court school in Stockbridge, Hampshire. Tommy performed in the Circus as a young boy. Tommy became a big cat trainer, like his dad. Tommy also did elephants and horses shows in the 1970s. Tommy worked for the Roberts brothers for two years. Tommy has worked in the UK and traveled with his show to Spain, South Africa and Australia. He married Marilyn, who he found in Australia. Marilyn has done riding, high wire, trapeze acts and more. The two worked in Ireland in the Duffy’s Circus for a number of years. In 2013 they moved the show back to England. Their son Thomas Chipperfield, like his grandpa and father, is a lion and tiger trainer.[68]

Mary Chipperfield[edit]

Mary Chipperfield (b. 1938 - d. 2014 [69]), Jimmy Chipperfield daughter, specialized in chimpanzee acts in the 1970s. She was also known as an animal trainer, providing numerous animals for various BBC productions and the 1967 movie Doctor Dolittle.[70] Mary tamed wild animals for roles in films and Chipperfield's Circus. Mary worked with her father in creating the Longleat Safari Park.

Sally Chipperfield[edit]

In 1979 Sally Chipperfield broke off of the Chipperfield Circus, and made her own small show. Sally Chipperfield is the daughter of Richard, Sr., married to Jim Clubb. Sally's show has lions shown by her husband. The show also has Russian Bears. Sally also as a show with dogs, monkey and a liberty pony act.[71]

1980s to 2010[edit]

Chipperfield Circus, as run by the Dick Chipperfield family, ceased touring in the late 1980s.[72] In the 1989–1990 season Chipperfield Circus toured Ireland, commencing the season in Cork, The show ran for a few months featuring The Flying Souzas, Shiganio, Peter Althoff and members of the Chipperfield family. In the early 1990s Charles Chipperfield, a son of Jonny Chipperfield, ran Chipperfield Brothers, but this ceased in the 1990s. The show name rented to Tony Hopkins Promotions for his UK circus tour from 1992 to 1996. The show featured Dick Chipperfield Sr.'s grandson, Richard Chipperfield performing a lion act.[3][73][74][75]

In the 1990s Graham Chipperfield toured with Ringling-Barnum, showing off three of his elephants: Patty, Zerbini and Luke.[76]

In 2002 it was reported by the BBC that Mary Chipperfield was abusing her animals, leading to a fine in for cruelty to animals.[77][78][79]

In 2010, Chipperfield Circus returned without animals in the show, appearing at Cambridge and Rochester. [80]

Charles Chipperfield[edit]

Charles Chipperfield is the 7th generation of the original Chipperfield family of shows. In 2006 Charles Chipperfield put on a show in Malta,[81] On 15 September 2010 Charles Chipperfield officially incorporated the Charles Chipperfield Circus and run the show with is wife Rebecca Chipperfield.[82] [83] In 2013 the Charles Chipperfield Circus did a show for East Anglia’s Children’s Hospice at Stonham Barns.[84] In 2013 Frances Middleton performed with the Charles Chipperfield Circus show off aerialist, silks & hoop skills.[85] In 2014 Charles Chipperfield Circus performed at Gorton Park in Manchester.[86][87] In 2015 the Charles Chipperfield Circus performed in Southport 25 years after the last Chipperfield Circus performed there.[88][89] [90] Also in 2015 Charles Chipperfield Circus performed in South Bucks at Odds Farm Park.[91] The 2016 show included flying Trapeze, Foot juggling from Ukraine, from Spain Keyla hula hoops tricks and the Wheel of Death.[92][93] [94][95][96][97][98]

Thomas Chipperfield[edit]

Thomas Chipperfield in 2014 works with the Peter Jolly’s Circus show. Most recently has made an appearance in Italy as a guest presenter with Moira Orfei in 2016. Called Britain's last lion tamer.[3]

Other Chipperfield companies[edit]

  • Chipperfield Enterprises trains and supplies lion and tiger acts for circuses worldwide.[99]
  • Clubb Chipperfield Ltd. ceased trading under their title in 1998.[100]
  • The Chipperfield Organization Ltd is an international animal supply and transport business.[101]

Other members of the Chipperfield family[edit]

Sheila Chipperfield (born 17 June 1975, Coventry, England), is the daughter of Dick Chipperfield Sr.'s first cousin, Billy Chipperfield. Sheila was the bassist in the London-based rock band, Elastica from 1996 to 1998. Sheila joined the band in early 1996 a year after original bassist Annie Holland left, and Sheila became an especially close collaborator of Donna Matthews during a period when Matthews became a more dominant creative force than bandleader Justine Frischmann. She was asked to leave the group when Frischmann convinced Holland to return in 1998 (which eventually led to Matthews quitting).[102][103]

Sheila is a successful DJ, playing clubs across Europe. Chipperfield was also involved in the production of the non-profit new music website www.liveroom.tv. She was born in Coventry, she spent her childhood alternating between her parents zoo there, their amusement park in Weymouth, Dorset and traveling with the family funfair, leaving school at 15. Daughter of William James Chipperfield and Sheila Duggan (who along 5 other Duggan brothers and sisters featured heavily in the Chipperfields Circus shows in the 1950s). She has a twin, Sarah, and is the youngest of nine children.[104]

Jamie Chipperfield Clubb, (middle name taken from his mother's maiden name) a grandson of Dick Chipperfield Snr., is a martial artist and writer, and founder of Clubb Chimera Martial Arts [105]

Bernice Chipperfield: No information known.

Chipperfield Candy Machines Ltd supplies candyfloss and popcorn machines throughout the world. The company is currently owned by James Chipperfield. Although not part of Chipperfield Circus, the company director is directly related and descended.

Jim Stockley is the son of Jimmy & Marjorie Stockley and supplies trained animals to the film industry in South Africa.[106]

Jamie Stockley is the son of Jim Stockley (grandson of Jimmy & Marjorie Stockley) and, together with his wife Dana, runs a successful game reserve and wedding venue in South Africa.[107]

Books by members of the Chipperfield family[edit]

  • My Friends the Animals, Dick Chipperfield Snr. London: Souvenir Press, 1963
  • My Wild Life, Jimmy Chipperfield. London: Macmillan, 1975 ISBN 0-333-18044-5

Books featuring the Chipperfield family[edit]

  • Paul Gallico Love, Let Me Not Hunger. London: Heinemann, 1963 (novel that briefly mentions Chipperfield's in the first chapter)
  • David Jamieson Chipperfield's Circus: an Illustrated History, Aardvark Publishing, 1997
  • David Jamieson Mary Chipperfield Circus Book, Jarrold & Sons Ltd., 1979
  • Freddie Mills Twenty Years: an autobiography. London: Nicholson & Watson, 1950 (first edition contains photographs taken at Chipperfield's Circus)
  • Pamela McGregor Morris Chipperfield's Circus. London: Faber & Faber, 1957
  • Edward Seago High Endeavour; illustrated by the author. London: Collins, 1944 (the story of Jimmy Chipperfield's war service as a fighter pilot)
  • John Turner A Dictionary of British Circus Biography
  • J. H. Williams Elephant Bill. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1950
  • J. H. Williams Big Charlie. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1959 (account of a circus elephant)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great dynasties of the world: The Chipperfields The Guardian Retrieved 18 February 2011
  2. ^ Chipperfield's Circus: An Illustrated History Hardcover, by David Jamieson, Circus Friends Association of Great Britain, June 1997
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Chipperfield". Chipperfield, History and last lion tammer, By Douglas McPherson, 29 May 2014. Telegraph UK. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  4. ^ Chipperfield's Circus : An Illustrated History, By David Jamieson, Circus Friends Association of Great Britain
  5. ^ The Guardian, Great dynasties of the world: The Chipperfields, by Ian Sansom, 14 May 2010
  6. ^ Heard Family History, Chipperfields - the Circus Dynasty
  7. ^ Charles Chipperfield Entertainments UK website
  8. ^ Beneath the Big Top: A Social History of the Circus in Britain, By Steve Ward, page 55
  9. ^ History of Chipperfield's Circus, Charles Chipperfield Entertainments
  10. ^ A celebration of those members of our extended family with creative, artistic and performing talents
  11. ^ heardfamilyhistory, Family of James William CHIPPERFIELD and Harriot Amy COAN
  12. ^ Slee, James William CHIPPERFIELD Junior + Elizabeth JONES
  13. ^ An obituary for long-dead elephants, page 1, By Mike Shanahan, 19 October 2012
  14. ^ a b c John Turner, Victorian Arena
  15. ^ My Wild Life (Hardcover), by Jimmy Chipperfield, 1976
  16. ^ The Circus Book, Edited by RUPERT CROFT-COOKE, With a note on the Tenting Show by W. S. MEADMORE, LONDON,SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO, LTD.
  17. ^ Slee Fmaily tree
  18. ^ James William CHIPPERFIELD
  19. ^ Travelling Showmen & Other Travellers, 1901 & 1911
  20. ^ ancestry, Chipperfield, James William Burial
  21. ^ An obituary for long-dead elephants, page 3, By Mike Shanahan, 19 October 2012
  22. ^ The University of Sheffield Barnstaple Fair
  23. ^ bdcmuseum.org.uk Richard Chipperfield's Electrograph fairground bioscope show
  24. ^ Slide Show World, Pages from History, A Collection of Historic Images - The British Sideshow Pg-2
  25. ^ Victorian Popular Culture Moving Pictures, Optical Entertainments and the Advent of Cinema Documents Preview
  26. ^ circushistory.org, CHIPPERFIELD Three circus in 1979, by Jack Niblett, 1979
  27. ^ Slee mfamily tree
  28. ^ BBC, Chipperfield jr. 'critical' after mauling by tiger
  29. ^ heardfamilyhistory.org, Richard Chipperfield Sr.
  30. ^ ancestry.com, Chipperfield
  31. ^ sleebooth.co.uk, Richard "Dick" CHIPPERFIELD + Myrtle Eileen SLEE
  32. ^ sleebooth.co.uk, Myrtle Eileen Slee
  33. ^ Billboard, 2 March 1946
  34. ^ circushistory.org, Start of the English Tenting Circus Season, By Jack Niblett. Bandwagon, Vol. 2, No. 3 (May-Jun), 1958, pp. 8, 11
  35. ^ Billboard 25 February 1950
  36. ^ Billboard 4 October 1947
  37. ^ Jack Hylton, By Pete Faint, page 227
  38. ^ The Stage Features, Rose Chipperfield
  39. ^ Great dynasties of the world: The Chipperfields A circus entertainer with dreams beyond the big top
  40. ^ Go Africa, The Lion Park, Johannesburg – The Lion Park In Pictures
  41. ^ Safina Lion Project, THE LION PRIDES OF GREAT BRITAIN
  42. ^ BBC, KNOWSLEY SAFARI PARK, 1986
  43. ^ Liverpool Echo, Knowsley Safari Park boss David Ross celebrates park's 40th anniversary with memories of Africa adventures, 27 June 2011
  44. ^ "Lambton Estate near Chester-le-Street may open for tourists". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  45. ^ New Scientist, 2 December 1982, page 554
  46. ^ IMDb movie database, Jimmy Chipperfield
  47. ^ Circus Report, 22 November 1976, Vol. 5, No. 47
  48. ^ [Billboard 23 July 1949 Page 47
  49. ^ Billboard 7 March 1942, page 41
  50. ^ circoev.com, Chipperfield 02/12/2014
  51. ^ showmeelephants.com, Chipperfield at Harringay Arena, Part II 1947-1947, 2011
  52. ^ Jim Stockley Collection, Chipperfields 1956
  53. ^ John Turner 20th Century Circus People, John Turner Collection
  54. ^ The Boswells: The Story of a South African Circus, By Charles Ricketts
  55. ^ [The Billboard, 23 July 1949
  56. ^ heardfamilyhistory, Marjorie Chipperfield
  57. ^ Jimmy) Stockley
  58. ^ showmeelephants.com, Jim Stockley Collection - Chipperfields 1975, 3 December 2011
  59. ^ showmeelephants.com, Chessington Zoo - Rosie, from Chipperfields
  60. ^ showmeelephants.com, Jim Stockley Collection - Cleopatra
  61. ^ showmeelephants.com, Chipperfield at Harringay Arena, Part I
  62. ^ Supplement to the London Gazette, 22 May 1945 2623, Distinguished Flying Medal. 1219665 Flight Sergeant James STOCKLEY, R.A.F.V.R., 85 Sqn.
  63. ^ John Turner 20th Century Circus People
  64. ^ imdb, Jim Stockley
  65. ^ .circushistory.org, Life Diary, Part Three
  66. ^ Circus Historical Society Bandwagon, December 1952 The Modern English Circus
  67. ^ circushistory.org, Circus Historical Society Bandwagon, March - April 1959
  68. ^ Circus Promoters, Tommy Chipperfield, Interview with a Tiger Trainer, 17 June 2016
  69. ^ "'You Ask The Questions'". The Independent. 9 June 1999. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  70. ^ Mary Chipperfield, Lions on the Lawn (1971)
  71. ^ Circus Report, 29 January 1979, Vol. 8, No. 5
  72. ^ Chipperfield's Circus Slideshow
  73. ^ circushistory.org, Chipperfield Bros. Circus, 1986, Chipperfield Brothers Circus, Tommy and Charles, information, acts.
  74. ^ circushistory.org, Circus Report, 19 October 1981, Vol. 10, No. 42 Chipperfield Bros. Circus
  75. ^ Circus Historical Society, 16 February 1981
  76. ^ showmeelephants.com, Romeo and Juliette,14 February 2011
  77. ^ news.bbc.co.uk BBC, UK Exposing circus cruelty, by Jackie Storer, BBC News Online Political Staff , 2 September 2002
  78. ^ The Mary Chipperfield Trial: the sentencing, 10 January 2006
  79. ^ Circus Report, 6, 13 September 1982, Vol. 11, No. 33-34
  80. ^ For Paws, Chipperfield's Circus tours without animals
  81. ^ timesofmalta.com, A full circus, by Natalino Fenech, 13 December 2006
  82. ^ companysearchesmadesimple.com, CHARLES CHIPPERFIELD CIRCUS LIMITED
  83. ^ Rebecca Chipperfield, Facebook page
  84. ^ East Anglian Daily Times, East Anglian Daily Times East Anglia’s Children’s Hospice youngsters visit Stonham Barns’ circus show, December 2013
  85. ^ starnow.com, Frances Middleton
  86. ^ Manchester kids guide UK, Gorton Park, May 2014
  87. ^ Banbury Guardian, Roll up, roll up... the circus is finally back in town, 2014
  88. ^ Southport host Charles Chipperfield Circus, June of 2015
  89. ^ South Port Visiter, Charles Chipperfield Circus arrives in Southport, By Andrew Brown, 11 June 2015
  90. ^ Stafford Shirenews letter, Roll up, roll up for circus' Stafford visit - and homecoming for its, 14 October 2015
  91. ^ Oak Farm, Charles Chipperfield Circus
  92. ^ Charles Chipperfield Circus Web site
  93. ^ Charles Chipperfield Circus
  94. ^ Youtube Charles Chipperfield Circus
  95. ^ Charles Chipperfield in Ireland
  96. ^ Flichr, Charles Chipperfield Circus photos
  97. ^ Charles Chipperfield Circus at Recreation Ground, Recreation Road, Bromsgrove, 2016
  98. ^ Pitchero, Come see Charles Chipperfield Circus at Wadebridge Town Football Club. It starts Friday 25th until Sunday 27 July.
  99. ^ Chipperfield Enterprises info
  100. ^ imdb Clubb Chipperfield Ltd.
  101. ^ BBC, Mary Chipperfield and a ring of circus names, 27 January 1999
  102. ^ "h2g2 - Elastica - The Band - A463727". BBC. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  103. ^ The Great Rock Discography, Martin C. Strong, p. 486. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  104. ^ Sheila Chipperfield
  105. ^ www.clubbchimera.com Jamie Chipperfield Club
  106. ^ www.stockley.co.za Jimmy & Marjorie Stockley, contact page
  107. ^ www.secretgarden.co.za Secret Garden in the hills of Bisley, Pietermaritzburg

External links[edit]