Chippewa County, Minnesota

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Chippewa County, Minnesota
Chippewa County Bank 2013.jpg
Chippewa County Bank in Montevideo.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Chippewa County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 20, 1862 (created)
1868 (organized)[1]
Named forChippewa River[2]
SeatMontevideo
Largest cityMontevideo
Area
 • Total588 sq mi (1,523 km2)
 • Land581 sq mi (1,505 km2)
 • Water6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 1.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)11,980
 • Density20.6/sq mi (8.0/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.chippewa.mn.us

Chippewa County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 12,441.[3] Its county seat is Montevideo.[4] The county was formed in 1862, and was organized in 1868.

Geography[edit]

Soils of Chippewa County[5]

The upper part of the county's western boundary is formed by the outline of Lac qui Parle reservoir, which was formed when the Minnesota River was dammed in 1939. The Minnesota River flows southeast from the lake, along the county's southwestern border, while the Chippewa River flows south through the western part of the county to discharge into the Minnesota at the county's southern border. The Dry Weather Creek drains the west-central part of the county into the Chippewa, while the Palmer Creek drains the lower central part of the county into the Minnesota near the county's southernmost point. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain generally slopes to the south, and locally to the river valleys. The county's highest point is at its NE corner, at 1,109' (338m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 588 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 581 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (1.1%) is water.[8]

Lakes[6][edit]

  • Carlton Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Norboro Lake
  • Round Lake
  • Shakopee Lake
  • Watson Sag

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Boike State Wildlife Management Area
  • Franko State Wildlife Management Area
  • Gneiss Outcrops Scientific and Natural Area
  • Minnesota River Valley Overlook
  • Spartan State Wildlife Management Area

Climate and weather[edit]

Montevideo, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Montevideo have ranged from a low of 2 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −37 °F (−38 °C) was recorded in January 1970 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.86 inches (22 mm) in December to 4.24 inches (108 mm) in June.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,467
18805,408268.6%
18908,55558.2%
190012,49946.1%
191013,4587.7%
192015,72016.8%
193015,7620.3%
194016,9277.4%
195016,739−1.1%
196016,320−2.5%
197015,109−7.4%
198014,941−1.1%
199013,228−11.5%
200013,088−1.1%
201012,441−4.9%
Est. 201612,133[10]−2.5%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2016[3]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 13,088 people, 5,361 households, and 3,597 families in the county. The population density was 22.5/sqmi (8.70/km²). There were 5,855 housing units at an average density of 10.1/sqmi (3.89/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.78% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.8% were of Norwegian and 36.8% German ancestry.

There were 5,361 households, out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96.

The county population contained 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,582, and the median income for a family was $45,160. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $20,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,039. About 4.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Chippewa County voters have tended to vote Democratic in recent decades. Since 1980 the county has selected the Democratic Party candidate in 67% of national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.5% 3,764 31.8% 1,978 7.7% 480
2012 47.9% 2,967 49.7% 3,083 2.4% 151
2008 45.7% 2,907 51.6% 3,280 2.7% 169
2004 46.8% 3,089 51.8% 3,424 1.4% 93
2000 46.9% 2,977 46.5% 2,952 6.7% 423
1996 34.6% 2,119 51.9% 3,178 13.5% 827
1992 32.4% 2,143 44.3% 2,929 23.3% 1,545
1988 49.0% 3,190 49.7% 3,238 1.3% 86
1984 56.0% 3,964 43.0% 3,047 1.0% 74
1980 52.5% 4,252 39.1% 3,164 8.4% 681
1976 40.4% 3,254 57.8% 4,648 1.8% 144
1972 50.2% 3,787 48.1% 3,630 1.7% 130
1968 44.7% 3,195 51.8% 3,701 3.5% 251
1964 38.1% 2,806 61.8% 4,550 0.1% 9
1960 51.7% 3,915 48.1% 3,643 0.2% 16
1956 51.3% 3,623 48.6% 3,434 0.0% 3
1952 57.9% 4,411 41.6% 3,171 0.5% 36
1948 38.7% 2,569 58.5% 3,888 2.8% 189
1944 47.3% 2,967 52.0% 3,264 0.8% 48
1940 45.1% 3,307 54.1% 3,969 0.9% 64
1936 33.9% 2,223 61.4% 4,027 4.7% 309
1932 32.4% 1,940 65.0% 3,888 2.6% 158
1928 62.8% 3,547 36.0% 2,032 1.3% 72
1924 42.3% 2,140 2.8% 140 55.0% 2,780
1920 69.8% 3,532 19.0% 960 11.3% 572
1916 46.8% 1,311 40.5% 1,134 12.7% 357
1912 15.5% 412 32.7% 870 51.8% 1,380
1908 59.0% 1,409 33.4% 799 7.6% 181
1904 79.6% 1,830 14.7% 338 5.7% 131
1900 63.7% 1,432 31.5% 707 4.9% 109
1896 54.6% 1,310 43.2% 1,037 2.2% 52
1892 44.5% 730 30.9% 507 24.6% 403

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 102.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ a b c d Chippewa County MN Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Chippewa County MN" Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Montevideo MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°02′N 95°34′W / 45.03°N 95.56°W / 45.03; -95.56