Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation

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Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation
Indian reserve
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Indian Reserve
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation is located in Southern Ontario
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation
Coordinates: 44°20′N 79°17′W / 44.333°N 79.283°W / 44.333; -79.283Coordinates: 44°20′N 79°17′W / 44.333°N 79.283°W / 44.333; -79.283
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Regional municipality York
First Nation Chippewas of Georgina Island
 • Land 14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 275
 • Density 18.9/km2 (49/sq mi)
Map of York Region showing Fox, Snake, and Georgina islands.
Georgina Island, Lake Simcoe, Ontario

The Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation are an Ojibwa (or Anishinaabeg) people located on Georgina Island in Lake Simcoe, Ontario, Canada. Of the First Nation's registered population of 666 people, 181 live on their reserve and 485 live outside of it.[2] They are one of a handful of First Nations in the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area.[3]


The reserve consists of three islands on the southern shores of Lake Simcoe:


The reserve government consists of a five-member band council with four councillors and a Chief.

Fire and emergencies services consists of a single fire truck and ambulance. The department is staffed by a single full-time chief and volunteer responders.[4]

Policing is provided by Georgina Island Police Service with assistance from the Ontario Provincial Police.[5] The force has three officers, and replaced the community officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1978.


Access to Georgina Island is by boat to and from the mainland. A marina is located on the southern tip of the island for the ferry and smaller vessels. Built in 1999, the ferry Aazhaawe can carry 18 cars and 50 passengers.[6] Ferry service is seasonal and not provided when Lake Simcoe is frozen over. Fan boats provide access to Georgina (Fox and Snake) during the winter. Georgina Water Taxi's Ahneen provides alternate travel to Georgina Island.[7]

On Georgina Island are a few paved roads (nine in total) with residents using personal vehicles. There is only unpaved roads on Snake Island and no roads in Fox Island. Primary means of transport to Fox and Snake Islands is by vessels docking on private docks around the islands.

Roads are maintained by the band. There is no airport or heliport on all three islands.


The main employers on the reserve beyond the band are geared to tourism on the island.[8] The island has a driving range, bed and breakfast and marina facilities.


Primary education (from kindergarten to Grade 5) is found at a single school, Waabgon Gamig, on Georgina Island. York Region District School Board (YRDSB) provides staffing and assistance.[9] Students from Grades 6 to 12 required to attend schools on the mainland with YRDSB.


Basic health services is provided at the Georgina Island Health Building by local staff and medical staff visiting from York Region.

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