Chippewas of Rama First Nation

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Mnjikaning First Nation 32
Indian reserve
Mnjikaning First Nation 32 (Rama First Nation 32) Indian Reserve
Mnjikaning First Nation 32 is located in Southern Ontario
Mnjikaning First Nation 32
Mnjikaning First Nation 32
Coordinates: 44°42′N 79°18′W / 44.700°N 79.300°W / 44.700; -79.300Coordinates: 44°42′N 79°18′W / 44.700°N 79.300°W / 44.700; -79.300
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Simcoe
First Nation Chippewas of Rama
 • Land 10.70 km2 (4.13 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 870
 • Density 81.3/km2 (211/sq mi)
Casino Rama
Mnjikaning Arena Sports Ki

Chippewas of Rama First Nation, also known as Chippewas of Mnjikaning and Chippewas of Rama Mnjikaning First Nation, is an Anishinaabe (Ojibway) First Nations reserve located in the province of Ontario in Canada. The name Mnjikaning, or fully vocalized as Minjikaning, refers to the fishing weirs at Atherley Narrows between Lake Simcoe and Lake Couchiching and it means “in/on/at or near the fence”.

Rama sits on approximately 2,350 acres (951 ha) of land on eight separate parcels. It was once known as Mnjikaning and Rama Mnjikaning but after a community referendum has since re-assumed the name of Chippewas of Rama First Nation. There are 1600 members with approximately 700 living on the reserve and about 900 living off the reserve.

The First Nation is adjacent to a 4,500 year old wooden stake fishing weir system which at one time sustained many Native peoples but, it is not clear who actually built this structure. The First Nation's main reserve, the 908.4 hectares (2,245 acres) Mnjikaning First Nation 32 Indian Reserve, is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) northeast of Orillia, Ontario. Rama First Nation is geographically located within the Township of Ramara, but functions separately. Rama First Nation is also home to 195,000-square-foot (18,100 m2) Casino Rama and Entertainment Complex.

Many of the families currently living on and off the reserve include the original family names Benson, Ingersoll, Williams, Douglas, Shilling, Simcoe, Snache, St. Germain, Stinson and Yellowhead. Some later name additions (mainly due to marriage) include Anderson, Comego, Cottrell, Desormeaux, Noganosh, Muir, Sandy, Sawyer, Stiles, York and others.[citation needed]


The First Nation's leadership consists of a chief and six (6) councillors, elected under the Indian Act Electoral System put into place in the 1930s by Canada in the attempt to depose hereditary chiefs and headman as leaders. The current elected leadership (2014-2016) is Chief Rodney Noganosh and Councillors Ronald Douglas, Ted Williams, Tracey Snache, Nemke Quarrington, and Gina Genno. A by-election held in January of 2015 elected a sixth councillor, Ted Snache.[2] The First Nation is a member of Ogemawahj Tribal Council, a regional Chiefs' council; though many who are members of the Ogemawahj Tribal Council are also members of Union of Ontario Indians/Anishinabek Nation, Rama First Nation is independent. Rama is also a part of the Chippewa Tri-Council which consists of Beausoleil First Nation and the Chippewas of Georgina Island as well as descendant's in Neywash (Huron-Robinson Treaty). The Chippewa Tri-Council were once one reserve, the Coldwater Narrows Reserve established in 1830, under one principal chief, Chief Yellowhead. Further, before The Coldwater Narrows Reserve was established this group was the Chippewas of Lake Simcoe and Huron.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Mnjikaning First Nation 32 (Rama First Nation 32) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Chippewas of Rama First Nation Chief and Council". Retrieved 22 July 2015. 

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