St Bartholomew's Church, Chipping
Chipping shown within Lancashire
|Population||1,046 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Ribble Valley|
Chipping is a village and civil parish of the borough of Ribble Valley, Lancashire, England, within the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. In the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 1,046.
A well kept secret to many, this picturesque Lancashire village has won a number of best kept village competitions over the years. The village also won the village section of the Royal Horticultural Society Britain in Bloom competition in 2009 picking up RHS Tourism and Gold achievement awards in the process.
The village is known to be at least 1,000 years old and is mentioned in Domesday. It lies on the south-western edge of the ancient Forest of Bowland abutting the civil parish of Bowland-with-Leagram. Leagram Park, the site of one of the medieval deer parks of the Forest, is a short drive from the village. Despite this, Chipping was not a part of the ancient Forest and its manor did not fall within the powerful Lordship of Bowland.
Chipping really thrived during the Industrial Revolution when there were seven mills located along Chipping Brook. The last survivor was Kirk Mill, the chair making factory of HJ Berry, but in 2010 the company went into administration, the factory closed, and on 7 March 2011 the works were bought by 53N Bowland Ltd.
Origin of the name
Chipping is named in the Domesday book as Chippenden; the name is derived from the medieval Chepyn meaning market place. Chipping is a prefix used in a number of place names in England, and is probably derived from ceapen, an Old English word meaning 'market', though the meaning may alternatively come from (or via) the Medieval English word chepynge with a more specific meaning of 'long market square'.
Chipping is a civil parish, and formerly an ancient parish that also included Thornley-with-Wheatley, which became a separate parish in the 19th century. Chipping was in Clitheroe Rural District from 1894 until the reorganisation of local government in 1974,
It is now in Ribble Valley, a non-metropolitan district formed in 1974. The parish of Chipping is combined, with Bowland-with-Leagram and Bowland Forest High, into the ward of Chipping, which elects one councillor to Ribble Valley Borough Council. Local elections are every four years; as of 2008[update] the most recent was in 2007.
Chipping is part of the Longridge with Bowland ward of Lancashire County Council and is in the Ribble Valley parliament constituency. At all three levels of government (district, county and parliament) Chipping is represented by the Conservative Party (as of 2012[update]).
St Bartholomew's is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Whalley, the archdeaconry of Blackburn, and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is united with that of St Michael, Whitewell. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.
Until the Protestant Reformation all the people of the village worshipped at St. Bartholomew’s. Those who remained devoted to the Roman Catholic Church practiced their religion in secret, although there was a Mass centre at Leagram Hall where the family remained Catholic.
By the beginning of the 19th century Catholics were now able to openly attend the chapel at Leagram. In the 1820s George Weld, who was squire of Leagram, donated land in the village for the construction of a church, a school, a priest’s house and a cemetery. St Mary’s Church was built at a cost of £1,130 (£80,000 as of 2014) The day school, also built on the site, remained in use until 1967 when the new school was built. The old school is now a community centre for all the people of the village. In 1999 the church was fully redecorated and rearranged. The Priest in Charge is Fr. Anthony Grimshaw.
The organ was reputedly bought from Stonyhurst College in 1872 and it has been dated by experts from Preston and District Organist Association to be early 18th century, by Bishop Ltd of Ipswich. It was originally hand blown and contains 650 pipes. In 1944, when electric light was installed, a plate confirming its buider was discovered. It was further renovated in 1952, when an electric blower was installed, and a further inscription was found clarifying the re-building of the organ in 1872 by Henry Ainscough.
The chapel now known as the Congregational Church was built in 1838 for use as an independent non-conformist place of worship. The dedication stone, on the front of the building, has the inscription:
- PROVIDENT CHAPEL
- ERECTED BY SUBSCRIPTION
After about 40 years the chapel declined. It closed in 1882 and remained so for about 18 years. After extensive restoration an cleaning, by members of the Grimshaw Street Congregational Church in Preston, however, it re-opened as a Congregational Church.
The church is currently active, with an average attendance at Sunday worship of between 50 and 60. About 20 children meet for Sunday school.
Chipping Craft Centre holds the honour of being the property which has been used as a shop for the longest continuous time in the UK. It has previously been used as an undertakers, butchers and most recently as a Post Office amongst other trades. However now it is a newsagents, tea shop and craft centre and only operates as a Post Office two days a week. The first shop was opened at this location in 1668 by a local wool merchant.
The village has the benefit of two primary schools; St Marys RC and Brabin's Endowed School. Brabin's Endowed was established in 1684. The Chipping Children's Community Alliance (CCCA) is also based on the site of Brabin's school and offers provision for pre-school children as well as breakfast and after school clubs.
Culture and amenities
Chipping has its own local historical society.
Chipping Agricultural Show is a local country show that was first held in 1920. The show celebrates all aspects of farming and rural life with classes for sheep, cattle, light horses, ponies and shire horses plus poultry, pigeon and egg sections. There are also competitions for cheeses, handicrafts, cakes and preserves, a large horticultural section plus children's, dog and baby sections.
Originally held in 1998 and intended as a one-off fund raising event for a new Village Hall, Chipping Steam Fair has now become a firm fixture in the village calendar. The fair now regularly attracts around 20,000 visitors and upward of 500 exhibitors over the Spring Bank Holiday weekend each May.
Near to the village is a small grass airstrip that is used by winch-launched gliders.
The village has three public houses. The Sun is situated at the corner of Windy Street and Garstang Lane and The Tillotson's Arms is situated on Talbot Street. The Talbot Arms, also on Talbot Street, is currently closed for refurbishment. Also in the locality is the well-known Gibbon Bridge Hotel.
Just to the north of the village the Forest of Bowland access areas of Clougha, Fair Snape, Wolf Fell and Saddle Fell have been opened up to the public by access agreements negotiated between Lancashire County Council and the owners. This means that over 3,260 acres (13.2 km2) of open country are now open to walkers.
Bus routes operated by Holmeswood Coaches connect Chipping to Blackburn, Clitheroe and Longridge. A route operated by Stagecoach in Lancashire connected Chipping to Preston but since 2012 no longer serves Chipping as a result of a Lancashire County Council review of subsidised bus services.
Chipping in fiction
- Listed buildings in Chipping, Lancashire
- British toponymy
- List of generic forms in British place names
- "Parish headcount". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- Forest of Bowland official website
- Coates, David (2010-02-16). "'Phoenix' hope for HJ Berry factory". Lancashire Evening Post. Johnston Press. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- Kirk Mill, accessed 10 March 2011
- "Chipping Ch/AP/CP Lancashire through time – Administrative history of Parish-level unit". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth & others. 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "MARIO (Maps and Related Information Online)". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "Councillors". Ribble Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "Ribble Valley Councillors by Ward: Chipping". Ribble Valley Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "The Borough of Ribble Valley (Electoral Changes) Order 2001". Office of Public Sector Information. 2001-07-13. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- "The County of Lancashire (Electoral Changes) Order 2005 (No. 170)". Statute Law Database. Office of Public Sector Information. 2005-02-01. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- St Bartholomew, Chipping, Church of England, retrieved 10 April 2013
- English Heritage. "Church of Bartholomew, Chipping (1072279)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2013), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- "Saint Mary's". chippingvillage.co.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Chipping Congregational Church". chippingvillage.co.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Bid to save post office in country's oldest shop
- Holman, T. (2101), A Lancashire Miscellany, Frances Lincoln Publishers, ISBN 978-0-7112-3093-4, p.107.
- "Wolfen Hall, Chipping". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Brabin’s Endowed Primary School", Chipping Village Website.
- "MARIO - Maps & Related Information Online". Lancashire County Council. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- "Leaflet 103: Bus times: Services: 5, 5A, 5B, 25, 35" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- "Bus service changes to the Ribble Valley Network" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. 2012-06-24.
- "The Spook's County". BBC. 2007-07-09. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chipping, Lancashire.|
- Chipping Village Website
- Victoria County History – The parish of Chipping British History Online
- St. Mary's R.C Primary School
- Brabin's Endowed School, Chipping
- Chipping Agricultural Show
- Chipping Steam Fair
- Chipping and Downham - Feasibility Study into the potential for zero carbon villages
- Bowland Forest Gliding Club
- Chipping Local History Society
- Kirk Mill and former chairworks