Chipping Barnet (UK Parliament constituency)

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Chipping Barnet
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chipping Barnet in Greater London
CountyGreater London
Population111,973 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate76,455 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsHigh Barnet/Chipping Barnet, Whetstone, New Barnet, East Barnet, Totteridge, Friern Barnet, Arkley, Brunswick Park, Colney Hatch
Current constituency
Created1974 (1974)
Member of ParliamentTheresa Villiers (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromBarnet

Chipping Barnet is a constituency[n 1] created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Theresa Villiers of the Conservative Party. Villiers was the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland from 2012 until 2016 under the leadership of Prime Minister David Cameron before she was dismissed when the incoming Prime Minister Theresa May took office. Boris Johnson appointed her as Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in July 2019 before she was sacked in February 2020.[n 2] It is part of the London Borough of Barnet.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is slightly more elevated than the surrounding areas. Barnet was once a narrow projection of Hertfordshire into the county of Middlesex, and consisted of an agricultural market town.[3] The town became well connected to central London by the London Underground network and is today prime suburbia, with many of its properties semi-detached with substantial gardens as well as having many small parks and nature reserves. The area has few tower blocks for social housing.

It has been held by a Conservative since its creation for the February 1974 general election, and withstood the Labour landslide in 1997 by just over 2% (1,035 votes). The 2015 result gave the seat the 92nd most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[4] In 2017, the Conservatives came closer than ever before to losing Chipping Barnet, with incumbent Theresa Villiers retaining the seat by just 353 votes, with Labour then holding the majority of councillors in the constituency, in Brunswick Park, Coppetts, East Barnet, and Underhill.[5] However, as a result of the 2018 Barnet London Borough Council elections, the Conservatives held a majority of councillors in Brunswick Park, High Barnet, Oakleigh, and Totteridge.[6]

As of the 2021 by-election in East Barnet [7] ward, the Conservatives held a majority of councillors in this ward until the 2022 local elections.

In the 2022, the Conservatives local representation on Barnet Council in the constituency became confined to the new Totteridge and Woodside ward, along with High Barnet and Barnet Vale which split their seats between Conservatives and Labour, with Labour winning Whetstone (rough successor to Oakleigh) for the first time, recovering ground in Brunswick Park by winning all three seats and regaining the seats they had lost in East Barnet in 2018 and 2021.

In the 2019 general election, the seat was seen as an important potential gain for the Labour Party, due to Villiers' small majority and high-profile (as the Environment Secretary) and the seat's vote to remain in the 2016 European Union membership referendum.[8][9][10][11] Nevertheless, Villiers retained the seat with a majority increased threefold, albeit still a small one.[12]

Boundaries[edit]

Map of present boundaries

1974–1997: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Arkley, Brunswick Park, East Barnet, Hadley, and Totteridge.

1997–2010: As above plus Friern Barnet.

2010–present: The London Borough of Barnet wards of Brunswick Park, Coppetts, East Barnet, High Barnet, Oakleigh, Totteridge, and Underhill.

For the 2010 general election, following a review of parliamentary representation and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that parts of Underhill ward and Coppetts ward be transferred to Chipping Barnet from the constituencies of Hendon and Finchley and Golders Green respectively. It also recommended that a small part of Mill Hill ward be transferred from Chipping Barnet to Hendon.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[13][14][15] Party
Feb 1974 Reginald Maudling Conservative
1979 Sydney Chapman
2005 Theresa Villiers

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Chipping Barnet[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theresa Villiers 25,745 44.7 -1.6
Labour Emma Whysall 24,533 42.6 -3.1
Liberal Democrats Isabelle Parasram 5,932 10.3 +4.9
Green Gabrielle Bailey 1,288 2.2 -0.3
Advance John Sheffield 71 0.1 New
Majority 1,212 2.1 +1.5
Turnout 57,569 72.0 +0.2
Registered electors 79,960
Conservative hold Swing +0.7
General election 2017: Chipping Barnet[18][19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theresa Villiers 25,679 46.3 −2.3
Labour Emma Whysall 25,326 45.7 +11.6
Liberal Democrats Marisha Ray 3,012 5.4 +0.9
Green Phil Fletcher 1,406 2.5 −2.2
Majority 353 0.6 −13.9
Turnout 55,423 71.8 +3.7
Registered electors 77,218
Conservative hold Swing −6.9
General election 2015: Chipping Barnet[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theresa Villiers 25,759 48.6 –0.2
Labour Amy Trevethan 18,103 34.1 +8.9
UKIP Victor Kaye 4,151 7.8 +5.0
Green Audrey Poppy 2,501 4.7 +2.7
Liberal Democrats Marisha Ray [23] 2,381 4.5 –15.7
Independent Mehdi Akhavan 118 0.2 New
Majority 7,656 14.5 -9.1
Turnout 53,013 68.1 +3.0
Registered electors 77,807
Conservative hold Swing –4.5
General election 2010: Chipping Barnet[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theresa Villiers 24,700 48.8 +2.9
Labour Damien Welfare 12,773 25.2 –8.6
Liberal Democrats Stephen Barber 10,202 20.2 +4.9
UKIP James Fluss 1,442 2.8 +0.8
Green Kate Tansley 1,021 2.0 –0.8
Independent Philip Clayton 470 0.9 New
Majority 11,927 23.6 +9.5
Turnout 50,608 65.1 +2.3
Registered electors 75,120
Conservative hold Swing +5.77

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Chipping Barnet[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Theresa Villiers 19,744 46.6 +0.2
Labour Pauline A. Coakley-Webb 13,784 32.5 –7.5
Liberal Democrats Sean Hooker 6,671 15.7 +2.1
Green Audrey M. Poppy 1,199 2.8 New
UKIP Victor Kaye 924 2.2 New
Rainbow Dream Ticket Rainbow George Weiss 59 0.1 New
Majority 5,960 14.1 +7.7
Turnout 42,381 64.1 +3.7
Registered electors 66,222
Conservative hold Swing +3.8
General election 2001: Chipping Barnet[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 19,702 46.4 +3.4
Labour Damien Welfare 17,001 40.0 –0.9
Liberal Democrats Sean Hooker 5,753 13.6 +1.2
Majority 2,701 6.4 +4.3
Turnout 42,456 60.4 –11.3
Registered electors 70,239
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Chipping Barnet[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 21,317 43.0 -14.0
Labour Geoff N. Cooke 20,282 40.9 +15.0
Liberal Democrats Sean Hooker 6,121 12.4 -3.7
Referendum Victor G. Ribekow 1,190 2.4 New
Monster Raving Loony Brian L. Miskin 253 0.5 New
ProLife Alliance Brian D. Scallan 243 0.5 New
Natural Law Diane Derksen 159 0.3 -0.2
Majority 1,035 2.1 -29.0
Turnout 49,565 71.7 -6.9
Registered electors 69,088
Conservative hold Swing -14.5
General election 1992: Chipping Barnet[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 25,589 57.0 −0.9
Labour Alan J. Williams 11,638 25.9 +6.9
Liberal Democrats David H. Smith 7,247 16.1 −6.9
Natural Law Diane Derksen 222 0.5 New
Funstermentalist Christopher V. Johnson 213 0.5 New
Majority 13,951 31.1 −3.8
Turnout 44,909 78.6 +8.6
Registered electors 57,153
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Chipping Barnet[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 24,686 57.9 +1.8
Liberal James Skinner 9,815 23.0 −3.1
Labour David Perkin 8,115 19.0 +3.0
Majority 14,871 34.9 +4.9
Turnout 42,616 70.0 −0.7
Registered electors 60,876
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Chipping Barnet[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 23,164 56.1 -1.0
Liberal C. Perkin 10,771 26.1 +10.5
Labour N.J.M. Smith 6,599 16.0 -9.3
Ecology E. Parry 552 1.3 New
Independent J. Hopkins 195 0.5 New
Majority 12,393 30.0 -1.8
Turnout 41,281 70.7 -4.9
Registered electors 58,423
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1979: Chipping Barnet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sydney Chapman 25,154 57.1 +9.8
Labour P.J. Dawe 11,147 25.3 –3.1
Liberal D. Ive 6,867 15.6 –5.8
National Front R. Cole 865 2.0 –0.9
Majority 14,007 31.8 +12.9
Turnout 44,033 75.6 +2.0
Registered electors 58,254
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Chipping Barnet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Maudling 19,661 47.3 –0.7
Labour John Mills 11,795 28.4 +1.9
Liberal Nesta Wyn Ellis 8,884 21.4 –4.1
National Front Ronald Arthur Cole 1,207 2.9 New
Majority 7,866 18.9 -2.6
Turnout 41,547 73.6 -8.6
Registered electors 56,487
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Chipping Barnet
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Reginald Maudling 22,094 48.0
Labour John Mills 12,183 26.5
Liberal Nesta Wyn Ellis 11,714 25.5
Majority 9,911 21.5
Turnout 45,991 82.2
Registered electors 55,984
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chipping Barnet: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ 'Parishes: Barnet', in A History of the County of Hertford: Volume 2 Archived 2017-08-03 at the Wayback Machine ed. William Page (London, 1908), pp. 329-337. British History Online. accessed 5 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Conservative Members of Parliament 2015". UK Political.info. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  5. ^ List of Ward Councillors, London Borough of Barnet Archived 2017-08-02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  6. ^ Local Government Elections Results, 2018, London Borough of Barnet Archived 2018-05-04 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 5 May 2018
  7. ^ "East Barnet by-election results May 2021". Barnet Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2021. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  8. ^ Langford, Eleanor (11 December 2019). "Dominic Raab tops list of big-name MPs who could lose their seat on Thursday". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  9. ^ Gallagher, Paul (15 November 2019). "General election 2019: Chipping Barnet voters hold their nose, put off by anti-Semitism and Brexit". i. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  10. ^ Smyth, Chris; Zeffman, Henry (30 November 2019). "Shadow of Jeremy Corbyn hangs over Labour canvassers". The Times. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  11. ^ Murphy, Joe (12 December 2019). "Key London election seats and times results will be announced: your guide to tonight". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020. Cabinet minister Theresa Villiers has been nursing a tiny majority of 353 (0.6 per cent). If Labour can’t finish her off, then Corbyn is in trouble.
  12. ^ "Chipping Barnet Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 2019. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Barnet Chipping Barnet 1974-1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Chipping Barnet 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 28 August 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  15. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  16. ^ "Election of a Member of Parliament for the Chipping Barnet Parliamentary Constituency: Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). London Borough of Barnet. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 October 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Commons Briefing Paper 8749. General Election 2019: results and analysis" (PDF). London: House of Commons Library. 28 January 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  18. ^ "Chipping Barnet parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  19. ^ "UK Parliamentary Election Results: 8 June 2017". www.barnet.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 October 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Commons Briefing Paper 7979. General Election 2017: results and analysis" (PDF) (Second ed.). House of Commons Library. 29 January 2019 [7 April 2018]. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 November 2019.
  21. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 9Jul15
  23. ^ "Lib Dems select candidate to contest Chipping Barnet". Times Series. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  24. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  30. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  31. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°38′24″N 0°11′38″W / 51.640°N 0.194°W / 51.640; -0.194