Chipping Norton railway station

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Chipping Norton
Chipping Norton2 6 62561rev.jpg
June 1962
Location
Place Chipping Norton
Area West Oxfordshire
Grid reference SP307270
Operations
Original company Chipping Norton Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
Western Region of British Railways
Platforms 2
History
10 August 1855 Original station opened
6 April 1887 Station resited
3 December 1962 Station closed
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Chipping Norton railway station served the town of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England. The station had two platforms and a signal box.

History[edit]

The station was opened in 1855 as the terminus of the Chipping Norton Railway, which linked the town to the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway by a junction at Kingham. The line was promoted by William Bliss and its traffic included freight to and from his tweed mill at Chipping Norton.

Goods trains started running to the station in June 1855 and the official opening to passengers took place on 10 August 1855. Initially there were three trains each way, but by January 1856 this had increased to six each way, the first and last of which continued along the main line to Shipton.

The station comprised a single platform and two-storey building. No photographs exist, but Bliss Tweed publicity material includes drawings of the station. A single-road engine shed, water tank and goods shed were also provided. Following complaints by passengers of the exposed state of the station a wooden overall roof was added. In 1872 a siding was added to serve the gasworks adjacent to the tweed mill.

In 1860 the OW&WR amalgamated with two other railway companies to form the West Midland Railway. In 1863 the WMR amalgamated with the GWR and Chipping Norton became part of the Great Western system.

In 1875 work began at Chipping Norton on the building of the Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway between Chipping Norton and Kings Sutton. A bridge was built to take the new line under the Worcester Road,[1] although it would be twelve years before the first train passed under it. Work also started on the Chipping Norton Tunnel. However, the B&CDR experienced financial difficulties and the building work ceased in 1877 with the tunnel uncompleted. Construction resumed six years later in 1883 with the line to Banbury finally opening on 6 April 1887. The GWR operated the services over the new line. In 1897 the B&CDR was purchased by the GWR.

The old station was no longer required and was demolished, the area it had occupied becoming the new goods yard. The engine shed remained for many years; it was closed in 1922 and was demolished by 1947.[2] The small weighbridge building survived until the closure of the line, the only original building to do so.

The new station was sited on a curve. The main station building was on the down side with a small shelter on the up side. A lattice girder footbridge linked the two platforms. There were two signal boxes: Chipping Norton East on the station platform and Chipping Norton West near to the Bliss Tweed Mill. The West box was abolished in August 1929 and the East Box was renamed Chipping Norton Signal Box.[3]

In 1904 a 6-stall stable was built for the railway's horses. It was no longer required for this purpose after 1921 as delivery work had been contracted out. In 1929 a large door was added in the end wall and the building was used to house GWR motor buses. In 1948 it continued in use as a garage but for the Zonal Delivery Scheme lorries. The stable is the only railway building at Chipping Norton to survive to the present day.

There was a dramatic fall in passenger traffic during the 1920s. 30,455 tickets were sold in 1923 but by 1929 this had fallen to 9,951. Parcels and goods traffic increased slightly over the same period. Jenkins, Brown and Parkhouse attribute the fall in passenger traffic to the transfer of railway road transport services to the local bus company.[4]

In 1948 Chipping Norton became a railhead for the Zonal Delivery Scheme. The goods shed was modified with a series of loading bays constructed enabling goods to be unloaded from wagons straight into lorries for local delivery.

When Britain's railways were nationalised in 1948 the Banbury and Cheltenham line became part of the Western Region of British Railways. British Railways withdrew passenger services from the Chipping Norton - Kings Sutton section in 1951. In April 1958 a landslide blocked the line between Hook Norton and Rollright Halt. The landslide was never cleared and after this time the only trains running north from Chipping Norton were occasional goods services to Rollright Siding. The Kingham to Chipping Norton line was listed in The Reshaping of British Railways report, although with an asterisk to indicate that closure had already been decided before compilation of the report. The final passenger train ran on 1 December 1962. BR withdrew freight traffic from the line in 1964 and it was dismantled in 1965.


Route[edit]

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Sarsden Halt
Line and station closed
  Great Western Railway
Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway
  Rollright Halt
Line and station closed
Chipping Norton railway station on a postcard.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hemmings Vol.1, p.59.
  2. ^ Jenkins 2004, p.254.
  3. ^ Jenkins 2004, p.239.
  4. ^ Jenkins 2004, p.255.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°56′26″N 1°33′20″W / 51.94066°N 1.55569°W / 51.94066; -1.55569