|Municipality and town|
View of Chiquinquirá
Location of the municipality and town of Chiquinquirá in the Boyacá Department of Colombia.
|Province||Western Boyacá Province|
|• Mayor||Cesar Augusto Carrillo Ortegón
|• Total||133 km2 (51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,556 m (8,386 ft)|
|• Density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||57 + 8|
Chiquinquirá is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Western Boyacá Province. Located some 115 km north of Bogotá, Chiquinquirá is 2,556 metres (8,386 ft) above sea level and has a yearly average temperature 58 °F (14 °C)
Geography and religion
Chiquinquirá is constituted by two zones: the urban zone or town which is formed by approximately 40 neighbourhoods between the strata 1 and 4, and the rural zone which is divided in 17 sub zones located around the city.
It is home to the Basílica de Chiquinquirá, which houses the image of the Virgen de Chiquinquirá, the patroness saint of Colombia. Chiquinquirá is a major point of religious pilgrimage (source: Colombia Lonely Planet Guide, 2nd Edition, 1995).
The area of Chiquinquirá used to be inhabited by the Muisca people before the Spanish conquest and Chiquiquinrá was an important place in the Chiquinquirá Valley. It was ruled by an independent cacique within the Muisca Confederation. It was never properly founded as a municipality.