Chirala;Kshirapuri;Chinna Bombay or Small Mumbai
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Body||Chirala Municipality|
|• Total||23.30 km2 (9.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Chirala (pronunciation (help·info)), is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Chirala mandal in Ongole revenue division. As of 2011[update], it had a population of above 250,000.
Chirala is the most populated town in Bapatla Lok Sabha Parliamentary Constituency.
The city was also known as Kshirapuri, which translates as the town of milk. The name got transformed to Chirala, where Chira means Saree. The town and the surroundings were known of high-quality hand-loom industry.
The City experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperature records at 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well. The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 200 millimetres (8 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).
Chirala retained its position as municipal town since 1871 As of 1981[update] census of India except for a short period of about town years from 1938 to 1940 when it was suspended and it was converted in to Panchayat, due to political reason. Its position as municipal town was again restored in December, 1940.At present Chirala Municipality is the civic governing body of the city. It is a first grade municipality, constituted on 1 December 1940 and has a jurisdictional area of 13.57 km2 (5.24 sq mi) with 33 election wards. The present Municipal Commissioner of the city is P.Sreenivasa Rao. The constituents of Chirala urban agglomeration include, Chirala Municipality, census City of Chirala, Vetapalem; out growths of Ipurupalem and Kothapeta.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2021)
Handloom weaving industry is one of the main occupation the city. Several Cloth Market Complexes are situated in Chirala. Textile factories from Surat, Bombay, Gwalior supplying the goods directly to these markets. Clothes are cheap in Chirala Textile shops. Chirala is known as Small Bombay.
Chirala is famous tourist place for several beaches are at its coastal sea shores like Vadarevu Beach and Ramapuram Beach are famous here. Every weekend tourists are coming here from Hyderabad because Vadarevu Beach is nearest beach to Hyderabad and Telangana via Macherla and Nagarjuna Sagar Route than to Surya Lanka Beach.
Chirala has ITC Factory where Cigeragte raw materials processed and Cigerates are manufactured
As of 2011[update] census of India, the city had a population of 172,826 with 23,070 households. It shows 2.04% growth in population, compared to 2001 Census of India which was recorded as 100,455. The total population constitute, 52,927 males and 47,528 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 8,389 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,253 are boys and 4,136 are girls —a ratio of 973 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 78.80% with 62,099 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The city is also well connected with National and State highways. The National Highway 216 passes through the town, which connects Ongole with Kattipudi . State Highway 48, also referred as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road, connects the city with Guntur. National Highway 167A connects it with Piduguralla, which passes through Narasaraopet and Chilakaluripet.
Public transport includes, the buses operated by state run APSRTC services. Chirala railway station is an A–Category station in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2021)
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu. VRS & YRN College is a famous college in Chirala. It has provided education requirements for decades now.
Chirala is an educational hub in Prakasam District, its Engineering colleges include St. Ann's College of Engineering and Technology, Chirala Engineering College and VRS & YRN College of Engineering. St Ann's Pharmacy College and Polytechnic College.
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